Top Ten Common Geography Mistakes

The Top Ten Common Geography Mistakes

1 Africa is a country

I have an Ethiopian classmate and she didn't know South Africa was a country.

Really? 50 countries is one "country"?

My best friend's girlfriend always thinks this

Lol people can be idiots

2 The Statue of Liberty is in New York

This is one I didn't know, wow.

Geographically, the Statue of Liberty falls under New Jersey's borders.

A lot of people don't know this

I did not know this one

3 Holland is a country

Many Americans refer to the Netherlands as Holland, but really, Holland is just a large area of the Netherlands. Important cities are in Holland, including Amsterdam and The Hague.

This arises because north and south holland are the most populated

4 Deserts always have high temperatures

The definition of a desert is not "a place with lots of sand and very high temperatures", it's "an area with rainfall less than 10 inches per year". So Antartica, technically, is a desert.

Dry is the correct word

They temperatures are dry.

While many deserts around 30 degrees latitude can reach significantly high temperatures (Sahara, Mojave, etc. ), there can be some cold deserts, A desert refers to any area with less than 10 inches of rain a year. This includes Antarctica and the Gobi Desert

5 Toronto is the capital of Canada

Toronto is the biggest Canadian city but the capital is Ottawa.

Everyone in my geography class said that on a pop quiz

The capital is Ottawa

It's Ottawa.

6 Greenland is as big as Africa

Really not, however seeing as it's part of Denmark, that makes Denmark the biggest country in the nordic

No. Africa is 14 times as large as Greenland, not 14 times later than Greenland.

I mean larger, not later.

Wrong it's not

7 Moscow is in Asia

It's actually located in the European part of Russia, so technically it's in Europe

Moscow, the capital of Russia, is in Europe. You need to know that Russia lies on 2 continents, Asia & Europe.

8 Charleston is the capital of South Carolina

Charleston is a major city in South Carolina, but the capital is Columbia. West Virginia's capital is Charleston, so basically, two cities have the same name.

I commonly make this mistake. I'm into birds and a lot of bird history took place in Charleston, so often this is the only SC city I can remember.

9 Rangoon is the capital of Myanmar

Naypyidaw is the capital, Rangoon is just the biggest city, and while it used to be a capital it isn't anymore since 2006

In 2006, it was changed to Nay Pyi Daw.

Rangoon isn't the capital of Myanmar ( I think it's a major city).
The capital is Naypiydaw.

10 Australia is an island

Actually africa and austraillia are both island because islands are pieces of land surrounded by water so they are both island

Technically it consists of a few islands, so that technically makes it an archipelago. The continent it's located in is Oceania

Australia cants be a country and a continent, that's just stupid

Australia is a continent, not an island

The Newcomers

? There's only one Portland

The Contenders

11 Maine is the easternmost U.S. state

While yes, Maine is the Easternmost of the lower 48, it isn't the Easternmost of the whole US. Alaska leans so far west actually passes the prime meridian and is partly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

It depends on how you interpret the International Date Line.

What ethanthemeister said

12 Europe is a country

Really? UK, France, Sweden, Western Russia, Lithuania and many more are one united country?

Again, it's a continent.

Americans Tend to be like that sadly

13 America is a country

The Countries in North and South America


Antigua and Barbuda


Costa Rica

Dominican Republic

El Salvador







Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Trinidad and Tobago

United States of America










(And a little trivia: The acronym of North East West South is...


It is the United States of America, America is a large geographical region.

It consists of a lot of countries including the US states

Well this is a continent, again.

14 The Philippines is part of Oceania/Australia

The Philippines is officially part of Southeast Asia, and is about 500 miles off the coast of China. Indonesia, however, is partially in Oceania/Australia because it takes up half of New Guinea.

It's an archipelago in south east Asia

15 England and the United Kingdom are the same thing

England is the biggest part of the United Kingdom, other countries in there are Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

No, but it could be after brexit

The UK - Nothern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, England
Great Britain - Scotland, Wales, England
England - The constituent country with the largest population out of the 4 nations.


16 Antarctica is a country

It's an island, and what Cyri said, occupied by seven countries

It's a continent with several regions occupied by seven countries.

A freaking continent guys.

17 Japan is the capital of China

When I was little, I thought it was the other way around (I thought China was the capital of Japan).

I know this sounds stupid, but I actually knew someone who legitimately thought this.
It was in Year 8.
And she would have been 12 or 13.

Beijing is China's capital.

^That's Bejing, Japan is another country

18 Sydney is the capital of Australia

Sydney is the largest city of Australia, but Canberra is the capital city of Australia.

This should be much higher. It's a very common misconception.

It's actually pretty annoying when someone says this...

It's the biggest, but Canberra is the capital

19 England, Britain, and the UK are the same

Definitely not. The UK is a united kingdom between countries like Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland AND England. Britian is just the island that consists of Scotland, Wales and England

20 Rio de Janeiro is the capital of Brazil

It was the old capital of Brazil, the new one is Brasilia.

That's Brazilia

21 Indonesia is a little archipelago country in Oceania

- Indonesia is the largest archipelago country in the world (more than 17,500 islands)
- It is in Southeast Asia
- 3 Islands in Indonesia is part of Top 10 biggest island in the world
- Area of Indonesia is the largest no.15 in the world

It is not in Oceania only. it is also in Asia.

22 Holland and the Netherlands are the same thing
23 Quebec City is the biggest city in Quebec

In reality, Montreal is the biggest, Quebec City is the capital

24 Quebec is a country

It's a province in Canada, the second most important Canadian province in terms of everything

It's a province in Canada

Just wait

25 Austria and Australia are the same

Austria is located in Europe, whereas Australia is located in Oceania

People get confused by this.

I bet Australia just copied and pasted Austria’s name but added a few letters so nobody would know

26 Jamaica is in Africa

Jamaica is an island in the caribbean

Lmao yes! Many people gets baffled with this.

27 Myanmar is still called Burma

It changed its name years ago...

28 Guam is a country

I know someone who actually thinks this guam is a territory of the usa

29 Central American countries are in South America

Those are two different continents, although you could argue that the whole of America could count as one continent, eh anyway you get my point

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