Top Ten Favorite Philosophers of All Time


The Top Ten

1 Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, and Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.

Nietzsche literature bucks top of the leader-board. Sublime.

His " philosophical critics " about ethics and society are most of the time very well analysed and written but his " eternal return " of life whenever a human dies is not ( but it is theory and it has an originality ) very deep in exact facts in my opinion.

Nietzsche's relativistic philosophy of "perspectivism" is another manifestation of collectivism; another Utopian fantasy of man's ability to perfect man. It has its ostensible diametric opposition in Ayn Rand's "objectivism," which, as with all ideologies that deny any authority above man, is deeply flawed and hardly "objective." Nietzsche and Rand each is minefield set in a morass.

2 Jean-Paul Sartre Jean-Paul Sartre Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (June 21, 1905 – April 15, 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.

Fancy words to say that we are limited in our knowledge to seek an absolute truth ( and that it is futile to even trying ) and that we have therefor to try to accept our existence in the here and now. It's more a way of life than a philosophy. I think that he's too overrated and sometimes he is even boring.

3 Ludwig Wittgenstein
4 Michel Foucault
5 Karl Marx Karl Marx Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, historian, political theorist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist. Born in Trier to a middle-class family, Marx studied law and Hegelian philosophy.
6 Rene Descartes Rene Descartes

After analysed every radical doubt he came to the conclusion that one thing is sure ; that he exist. His saying " I think therefore I am " was true, even when he was dreaming or when his senses played tricks with his mind. It was even necessarly true because it's impossible to deny it without being in contradiction with yourself. If you're saying that you have doubts about your existence it proves in fact that you exist otherwise you wouldn't have a doubt to begin with. You also can't ignore the existence of your thinking because it is with your abbility to think that you are able to have doubts or to understand when your dreaming or not, when your mind is playing tricks or not ( third parties who agree on reality ). Therefore thinking and I ( my existence ) are the same. A proven self identity that has a body with a consience. Comments who are saying that " I am, therefore I think " are not always necessarly true are misleaded by concepts like intelligence that has nothing to do with ...more

It's a pitiful shame that "I think, therefore I am" does not guarantee "I am, therefore I think"-- the essence of the burgeoning modern tragedy.

7 Plato Plato Plato was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
8 Marquis de Sade
9 Simone de Beauvoir
10 Voltaire Voltaire François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and separation more.

The Contenders

11 Immanuel Kant
12 Jean-Jacques Rousseau

A conflicted and disjointed "philosophy" (more a stream of consciousness) that greatly influenced and abetted the oppressive collectivisms to come.

13 Pierre Proudhon Pierre Proudhon
14 Aristotle Aristotle Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece.

Gave western civilization a rational argument, a logical need, for a Creator.

15 Confucius Confucius Confucius was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. He is the founder of the religion with the same name as him. Confucius believed he was doing the Will of Ti'en (God or 'Heaven') by preaching ethics.
16 Henry David Thoreau Henry David Thoreau
17 Georges Bataille
18 Laozi

"Care what the others think and you'll always be heir prisoner"

19 Gilles Deleuze

Groundbreaking, anarchic and surreal anti-capitalist academic who paved the way for the internet age, coining the concept of a "virtual world" in 1967, as well as laying much of the groundwork for modern-day neurodiversity and alternative education movements in his works the with anti-authoritarian communist psychoanalyst Felix Guattari.

20 Thomas Aquinas
21 Bertrand Russell Bertrand Russell Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist, and Nobel laureate.
22 Maurice Merleau-Ponty
23 Baruch Spinoza
24 St. Augustine
25 Ayn Rand Ayn Rand
26 Max Stirner
27 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
28 Michel de Montaigne Michel de Montaigne Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (28 February 1533 – 13 September 1592) was one of the most significant philosophers of the French Renaissance, known for popularizing the essay as a literary genre.
29 Theodor Adorno
30 Albert Camus Albert Camus Albert Camus (7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist. He is best known for such novels as L’Étranger (The Stranger, 1942), La Peste (The Plague, 1947), and La Chute (The Fall, 1956). He received the 1957 Nobel Prize for Literature.
31 Fyodor Dostoyevsky
32 William James William James
33 Protagoras
34 Soren Kierkegaard
35 Carl Gustav Jung
36 Niccolo Machiavelli
37 John Locke John Locke John Locke FRS was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism".
38 Epicurus Epicurus
39 David Hume
40 Diogenes
41 Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the father of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
BAdd New Item

Related Lists

Top 10 Western Philosophers Best Philosophers in the World Most Significant Thinkers and Philosophers of Middle Eastern Descent Top Ten Ancient Greek Philosophers Top Ten Favourite Foods

List Stats

100 votes
41 listings
3 years, 76 days old

Top Remixes (4)

1. Friedrich Nietzsche
2. Ludwig Wittgenstein
3. Jean-Paul Sartre
1. Friedrich Nietzsche
2. Immanuel Kant
3. Voltaire
1. Diogenes 
2. Rene Descartes
3. Plato

View All 4

Error Reporting

See a factual error in these listings? Report it here.

More Philosophy Lists

More Lifestyle Lists