Hardest Languages to Learn

The Top Ten Hardest Languages to Learn

1 Arabic

Arabic is easy if you put your heart and mind into it if you are learning it I encourage you I love Arabic

Arabic is hella confusing, I'm North African and even I find this language super difficult. - AlphaQ

The thing no one realizes about Arabic that makes it harder than any other language is that EVERYTHING is backwards. Just look at an Arabic book, they read the other way than almost every other language. They also speak backwards. If I were to say "The green ball hit the wall when I saw it." In Arabic, that would be "I saw the wall when the green ball hit it." That might not be exact, but everything is reversed. On top of that, it has a new alphabet, different grammar, etc...

Your throat will probably be a little sore if you try to speak it because a lot of arabic characters requires throat sounds like the ق (qaf).

2 Chinese

Ok so I am half Chinese half kiwi, I grew up in new Zealand speaking English and Chinese. I don't think its that hard... it is actually fine and I speak like a native... and I write and read it

As a native English speaker, I find this hard because there is no alphabet, but it is a beautiful language!

I will learn during 2 months to speak Chinese and during one year and a half I will live in Hong Kong and will have to speak Mandarin! Wish me Good Luck! It will be a real Challenge but at the end it will be really beneficial!

I am a Chinese and learned it for so many years and I still can't get it. I hate it and I give up!

3 Japanese

2 Original scripts, both having 46 characters. Other than the Japanese R, there's no different pronunciation (from English anyway). No tones, but uses kanji to verify on word from the other. Speaking of kanji, there's over 1000 characters, with different parts to it. To top it off, you need to actually memorize the words and verbs. It's not said hard, just has lots of text to memorize.

This is actually the second language I studied (still trying to memorize words and kanji but got the alphabet down), though I didn't have much issue (probably because I'm young, the younger you are the more you can memorize). - Qryzx

As an experienced linguist, I find Japanese the most difficult language. Although it only uses characters half the time, the two long alphabets aren't that better of an alternative. Grammar is very different compared to most other major languages. Honorifics, counters, yuck. At least it doesn't have tones.

We have lots of onomatopoeia, counting styles according to different objects, Chinese characters even natives sometimes mess up, 2 alphabets with 50 letters each. If I had to learn it as a second language I would go insane.

My first language is English, and people say that English is the hardest language to learn as a second language BUT-I want to learn Japanese and it's pretty easy for me

4 Polish

It's just the words I couldn't pronounce. The words are very hard and confusing and it takes my a while to read it perfectly. Overall, this is a beautiful language.

Polish isn't THAT hard.
The cases have a lot of rules, but few exceptions, there's only 6 (The 7th is starting to disappear) anyways!
Unlike Spanish, French or English, we only have 3 tenses (and 2 aspects. )
Unlike Danish, French or English, spelling is obvious and phonetic.
Plus we have a lot more Latin/French/English loanwords then most people think. - PolishGuy

Polish is really easy to speak, once you have gotten the hang of it.. But when I was a 1st time polish speaker, I couldn't understand the writing to it. everything looked like random letters since English speakers usually have vowels between certain letters that the polish language doesn't.

Polish isn't that hard As a native English speaker, I find this easy because there is alphabet, but it is a beautiful language!

5 Hungarian

Hungarians are the worst in foreign languages in the EU, and it's because for a Hungarian to learn foreign languages is about as hard as to learn Hungarian for a foreigner

Disclaimer: while probably being one of the most difficult official languages in Europe, it's nowhere near the most difficult counting the countless isolated languages - Alkadikce

As an English speaker, this language defies everything that makes sense to me. There are so many noun cases, it's difficult to learn to pronounce, sentence structures seem to have a mind of their own (at least as far as I can tell as a beginner).

I agree with it, my friens, but the most beautiful as well!


6 Russian

I am Russian and I go to Russian school because I live in Belgium. Well what can I say:Russian has really MUCH grammar rules, and also like un English is red red but in Russian has red specififc colours, And do's specific colours has also words. That means that Russian have also really much words. Thanks if you read it all and understand me.

Loads of grammar. Like even if you're a proper Russian, born there, went school etc. You still wouldn't know all the grammar rules. Plus it has its own Cyrillic alphabet which is complete different from Latin

Russia is hard but it's good to learn it

Beautiful and hard to learn

7 Finnish

Some words can have over 100 meanings.

I'm a native speaker though

Finland is totally beautiful and has much better climates than more southern. It is really cold but hot in the summer. I wish to move to Helskini. Though this language named Finnish that they speak their is freakingly hard and way advanced.

They counted 2253 different word-forms for the word shop, "kauppa". Pretty much every other word in this language has the same amount of different forms. Fun!

8 Mandarin

Chinese does not exist. The real name is mandarin.

This is true. It is not Chinese, but Mandarin!

Mandarin and Chinese are the same don't
Get stupid.

When people talk about Chinese as a language they probably mean Mandarin, not Cantonese.

9 Icelandic

In my college, as soon as it was heard by many that it was hard, a LOT of people decided to take it. - 1337

But not as much as others - Arii19

I find Icelandic a very interesting language, as it rejects loanwords from other languages and that people who speak it can understand Old Norse and Old Icelandic(?).

That being said, the archaic grammar make this 50x more difficult. - wrests

Should top 3 - Zalgiris

10 Latin

To be honest, Latin is a pretty logical language. English is actually ten times more illogical than Latin ever will be, it's just the fact a lot of us on TopTens grew up learning it so we see English as "logical". I'm not even sure why it's a dead language, but whatever.

Sorry if that didn't make any sense at all! - vanilla

whaaaa? this is super hard!

Yeah, and it's dead...

If you know the suffixes and such then you are on a good way. Still more alive than Inari.

The Contenders

11 English

I'm a native Chinese speaker. If you want to see how hard Chinese is, give it a try. When I came to America, English was SO much easier than Chinese. You people out there should realize how easy English is compared to other languages. First off, English doesn't have characters unlike most languages. Next of all, it's a lot easier to pronounce, there are NO accents unlike most Asian languages. I believe that if you truly believe that English is hard, try Chinese or Arabic, you will see a HUGE difference.

The pronunciation is changed depending on the word, though. Example: aim, agony, was, etc.
Now, combine that into 26 letters, plus the pronunciation for numbers. Then all sorts of words. I'm a native English speaker, but now that I think about it, it's hard to learn. - Qryzx

Even though English is my native language, I'm looking at it from more of an objective standpoint, as in general complexity. The thing about English is that it's one of the simplest to get into and understand the basics, but the more you learn, the harder it gets. With most languages, once you get the ball rolling and understand the concepts, they get easier, with English it's the opposite. The more you learn, the more you realize how many exceptions there are to literally everything and how complex the language can really get.

If English isn't your first language, it can be extremely difficult to learn. Mostly because of the weird spelling quirks, like knife, or pterodactyl. Also, words such as there, their, and they're can be tricky for people learning the language. - mmarce445

Agree. I speak English and it is actually easy to make a mistake in English. For example, I may ask someone to write the word information and someone may spell it imfurmaishun. The phonemes are a little annoying. The tion in words actually make the sh sound. But I'd put it at #6 or #7. I have made a hard language list too and I put English at #6. - JackLawler

12 German

I've just voted here to be able to comment. So I just want to mention that in other threads with the same question many say, that german is hard for english natives. It could be, because words differ a lot at first. But when an english native gets the hang of the language, he ist mostly able to speak with almost no accent. For me as a native german it is much harder to accomplish this in english, than for an english native with german. English has more words in common with latin language, but the grammar is more german and every english person should be interested, in their ancestor linguistic roots and the closest is german.

Ich lerne Deutsch bei Google Translate (I am learning to speak German on google translate)

German isn't that hard for English speakers. Most words in english are kind of the same in German.

Well, I agree, but I would still love to learn it! Just very cool sounding to me. But those symbols, the one that looks like a demented letter B, it says a sharp S... ß

All very hard to learn, though.

13 Greek

It is very difficult and people who think that they can speak, they just think...

Greek should be 2 Ancient Greek should be first

Greek should be 1

Not very hard. I can speak it and I am 14.

14 Latvian

It's my native language, but yeah it's beautiful!


15 Vietnamese

The tones is what's hard because, unlike Chinese where they have tone character symbols alone and Chinese has a total of 5 tone characters, Vietnamese has 6 and what even weirder is that, this has a tone mark on top of another accent witch is very confusing and difficult to pronounce with that letter.

I'll be learning Vietnamese as my third language. English is my native language and Español is my second. My only input is that all language difficulty depends on how much you really WANT to learn it... and WILLING to put the time into learning it.

Vietnamese is pretty hard. I mean, most of the words have more than one meaning at different pitches. Luckily they use the same alphabet as English.

Why is Vietnamese not higher? - JackLawler

16 Korean

I'm trying to learn Korean but the person saying it on google says the words to fast so I can't really learn it, and there is a lot of words that becomes confusing for me

How is French and German harder than Korean? I tried learning it once and the pronunciations and letters are too difficult

I'm a half korean. I think Korean grammar is too complexible and it has too many irregular form

I’m Korean and it sucks real bad

17 Thai

The script is super hard. There are so many consonant and vowel repeats and you have to remember how to use each.
The pronunciation of the tones and the vowel length is just very hard as it requires a unique pitch.
The grammar may be simple but it is extremely irregular.
The sentence structure changes a lot in each topic.
I'm Thai and I think this is a very hard language.
It is near impossible to master unless Thai is your first language.

I have really experienced the Thai language. It has hard script and romanization.

Many varieties of tones and extremely difficult to read.

18 Hindi

I haven't tried to learn Hindi, but it seems pretty hard.

Ya it is hard!

This is easy!

mara kha

19 Hebrew

I'm american and I speak english.but can read hebrew.

Mi po gam yode-a ivrit?
Who also knows here Hebrew in Hebrew
i'm Israeli

20 Basque

Basque is the only European language not related to another language. It's phukkin hard

21 Albanian

This language should be top 5
It's bizarre grammar should be taken seriously

Never heard of It before, usually mainly unknown languages are harder, and according to the first page, it is easier than English.

Albanian is way harder than most of these languages probably top 15

22 Amharic

Amharic is kind of similar to Arabic but it's still baffling to learn. - AlphaQ

23 Romanian

Romanian has complex structure of the grammar which is hard even for almost Romanian native speakers. There in Romanian are a lot of dialects (Moldavian; Oltenian; Transylvanian) which may involve a different pronunciation of the words. There in Romanian are a lot of synonyms ( for "to speak" you can say "a spune"; "a vorbi"; "a zice"; "a grăi"; "a comunica"; etc.) for a word that you may not understand a person from another region if you don't know them all. Also Romanian is the languages in which Latin was the best perserved.

24 Portuguese

The verbs in Portuguese are actually harder (at least in my version, the European Portuguese) than any other Romance Language.

Have a double level of difficulty if compared with spanish.

25 Danish

Super easy grammar, but dictionaries are useless unless they have pronunciations. One of the hardest pronounced languages ever. This language should be way higher up on the list.

It's next to impossible to guess the pronounciation of words just from the spelling. Tonnes of different wovel sounds, that sound the same to the untrained ear. Very few non-native speakers kan use the soft 'd' correctly - even after decades of daily practise.

26 Armenian

Really hard

27 Swedish

I'm swedish and its not hard

I'm a native swedish speaker and there is one thing you have to know and that is "en" and "ett". These two means "a" or "an" in english. "A cat" means "en katt" but "a house" means "ett hus". They have no rules at all so you have to learn which one to use Word for Word.

28 Turkish

I'm also a native speaker who lives in Turkey. However sometimes my mind can be confused because of the Turkish words! I've learned how to speak English one year ago and it was really EASIER

Turkish is the most different.I am Turkish and a few examples for you.
in english firstly I then love then you.
In turkish it is you I love
seni seviyorum
but this you is different than the other you
you=sen sen benim kardeşimsin.is you are my sister.
Seni kardeşi'm olarak görüyorum.is I see you as my sister. So this is very different than english

Turkish=well come to grammar hell, even turks some times confused grammar rules,

okey, let,s see it
english, I am french, I am italian, I am german I am australian

ben japonUM I am japanes UM-i'm-YİM-YIM-ÜM-İM,ÜM
ben fransızIM I am french
ben amerikaYIM I am amerikan
ben koreliYİM I am korean
ben türkÜM I am turkish
ben çekİM I am czech

29 Croatian

I'm native speaker of croatian language and for me croatian is so so hard because of the

30 Telugu

Super and melodious language

31 Sinhala

Really, this language looks like something spoken by the aliens

Sinhala is a one of the world most beautiful language and very hard to spell language. That's why Sinhala have became a one of world most powerful language

A beuty of an undescribable digree can be expressed extremely emotionally through this ancient language

32 Lao
33 Cantonese

Cantonese is even more difficult then Mandarin Chinese since it has 9 tones instead of 4, and in Cantonese the written word may not match what is said. - Megapretzel

There is literally no way it can be down at 54 at the time of writing. This language is kinda like Chinese except... they added an additional 5 tones, more characters, and what's written doesn't even match what's said sometimes.

It is way harder than mandarin

Cantonese is EASY I speak this all the time! (I'm Asian)

34 Assamese
35 Khmer

This is Cambodian. And yes Khmer is hard. - JackLawler


36 Estonian
37 Malayalam

How could you forget this language? It's the most hard language to learn in Asia. So of course it should come in top ten. Just look at the letters, they are so hard to learn

Rated as no 1in the list of hardest Asian languages to learn (which includes Arabic, Mandarin and what not). Rated as #43 in this list? Surely you must be joking, lol!

It's not about grammer where it's hard it's about expression

I can speak this language it but the writing is so hard

38 Czech

This should be higher up on the list. Czech is definitely one of the hardest languages out there. There are so many ways to say one thing.

One of the hardest language in a world.

I think it should be on 3rd place of the hardest languages, seems like the hardest language

- Only language in the world with the letter ř.
- Lots of words with same meaning. For example: kluk, chlapec, mladý muž, this all means the same word - a boy. Or this: Dívka, děvče, holka - this all means a girl in Czech
- Czech: 1. Jan
2. Jana
3. Janu, Janovi
4. Jana
5. Jane!
6. Janu, Janovi
7. Janem

English: 1. John
2. John
3. John
4. John
5. John!
6. John
7. John

- Very complex grammar
- atd. (etc.)

39 Burmese

It's verbs are long to memorise and education system here doesn't focus on understanding.

40 French

People: speaks french
Me, crying: how do you do that with your mouth - styLIShT

I personally find it very easy, I can speak fluent French. I think people find French hard if they started it late but if you've been around a lot of French people it's actually very easy. - AlphaQ

I am Canadian with Japanese origins, I really enjoyed for having learned French. Yes, it's a difficult language to start learning but once you speak a bit you always progress. I don't really know if I have any accent but when I've been in Paris anyone was kind with me, French people adore when you speak their own language and the do love accents. And now in Montreal I fell in love with a so pretty and charming French girl..

Actually, French is easier to learn than most of the languages here, since it's more related to English (both influenced by Latin) - ethanmeinster

41 Pashto

It would just be really confusing if this was a Americans' second language.

42 Tamil

This was my first language and I forgot it, it’s so easy to understand but so hard to speak.

I am fed up with this ancient language. This language is my mother tongue but still it's so tough for me to write and read. Let me say the truth, tamil must be in the 1st place because this is more ancient than Greek,Sanskrit,Latin,Chinese and Arabic.


In school teachers won't teached properly tamil (தமி'்) everything pronunciation

43 Slovak

I'm a native speaker so for everyone who has some weird reason to actually learn this language I warn you that there are just way too much grammatical rules that doesn't make any sense and some are completely unnecessary and few words have really funny conjugation that sound unnaturally even for native speakers and if you really want to learn this language despite everything then I wish you good luck and to end this post with something positive- if you can speak this language then you'll have no problem to learn other slavic languages

This is very hard language. Hard grammar, 7 cases.

I'm native speaker... but jeeesus this language is insanely hard...

44 Georgian
45 Lithuanian

I am from Lithuania and I think my language is pretty hard even for native speakers...

If Latvian is up there, Lithuanian should be on the same level if not higher. Both languages are from the Baltic Group and have many similarities toward each other. Born in Lithuania, and living in the United States for 13 years, I've had the oppurtunity to study many languages such as Spanish, portuguese, and German but can say that these languages do not come close to the precision and accuracy required to master a Baltic Langauge

Grammar different, almost impossible to learn correctly.

46 Somali
47 Zulu

The hardest

48 Gaelic

I've been wanting to start learning Irish gaelic, and maybe Scottish gaelic, but German is hard enough, and either gaelic seems pretty hard.

I have been working on this as it is part of my heritage. Hard for me as I never had any other language in school but English.

I am a natural Gaelic scot but I wasn't taught to learn this language until I wanted to and it was pretty hard

49 Dutch

Dutch is a fantastic language similar to German but has also spun out flamish( Belgian dutch) there merchants of Amsterdam use it. My family speaks it and it's hard for me to understand at 20 years old having heard it for years.

50 Irish

Very hard and sad that a lot of us Irish can't speak it because of British suppression of the language.

Oh my! Irish in Irish is Gaelige. It is pronounced like Gay-lee. We'd say Gay-lij.Hard!

Complicated vocabulary, sometimes you do not know when to use a lenition or eclipsis even after reading the rules

Not the hardest in the world but still pretty hard - Har-Jak

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