Top 10 National Dishes

National dishes are part of a nation's identity and self-image. A national dish is strongly associated with a particular country for several reasons:
1) it is a staple food
2) it is made from a selection of locally available ingredients, sometimes 'exotic'
3) it is served as a festive culinary tradition that is part of a cultural heritage
4) it is part of a religious practice
5) it has been promoted as a national dish by the country itself

It wasn't easy to make this list because:

On the one hand, a country may have more than one national dish, especially big countries with diverse traditions and cultures (USA, India).
On the other, two or more countries may have the same national dish (both Peru and Ecuador claim ceviche as their national dish).

I ranked the dishes according to my taste and you know that taste is something very subjective. I didn't rank the countries so nobody should feel offended.

The Top Ten National Dishes

1 Poutine - Canada Poutine is a Canadian dish, originating in the province of Quebec in the late 1950s, made with French fries and cheese curds topped with light brown gravy. Poutine is the most popular dish in Quebec. It's also found across Canada and in some places in the northern United States. Poutine has many variations more.

Call me biased but I really like it.

But a British guy wrote something in an article about dishes that can't be called biased because he isn't Canadian:
"I tried this one very recently after my Canadian roommate very patriotically wouldn’t stop raving on about it, so I thought I’d give it a whirl. This is food for addicts, pure and simple. You have greasy chips (or fries as you people over the pond call them) that is then loaded with cheese curds and topped off with a generous slathering of rich gravy. When I tried this dish the world faded away around me, I dived in and totally forgot my friends, my manners, my name..."
Yup, don't forget to write your name on a sheet of paper before you try poutine 😜 - Metal_Treasure

2 Gyro - Greece

Gyro (or gyros) is meat, cooked on a vertical rotisserie. Very often several types of meat are placed on the spit (lamb, chicken, turkey, beef, veal). They may be grilled for as long as a day. The resulting taste is incredible. It can be served on a plate or as a wrap. Gyro is like shawarma / döner kebab.
I like this type of meat preparation.
Contenders: Moussaka, Souvlaki - Metal_Treasure

3 Hamburger - United States

I really like hamburgers. - NickelodeonYesAddminNo

Many dishes are listed as national dishes which I will add later (such as Apple Pie, Fried Chicken, and more)
This is from wiki:
United States : Apple pie, hamburger, brownies
Northeast : Philly cheesesteak, funnel cake, New England clam chowder, lobster roll, buffalo wings, Peking ravioli
Midwest : hotdish, Cincinnati chili
South : Fried Chicken, macaroni and cheese, barbecue, gumbo, jambalaya, key lime pie
Texas : Tex-Mex
West : Chili, fajitas, sopaipilla
Mountain West : Rocky Mountain oysters
West Coast : Cioppino, Cobb salad, Mission-style burrito, California roll - Metal_Treasure

4 Yorkshire Pudding - England

What can I say? It's a classic. - Rocko

Contenders: Roast Beef, Fish and chips (I will add them, too)

This is from wiki:
United Kingdom : Fish and chips, Chicken tikka masala, Sunday dinner, Full breakfast (regional variations), Jelly with ice cream (national dessert)
England : Beef (especially roast beef and corned beef), Pudding (usually Christmas plum pudding), Bangers and mash, Shepherd's pie, Yorkshire pudding
Cornwall : Cornish pasty
Northern Ireland : Ulster fry, Irish stew, Champ, Pastie supper
Isle of Man : Skeddan jiarg
Scotland : Haggis
Wales : Cawl - Metal_Treasure

5 Wiener Schnitzel - Austria

I tried it and I loved it.
It is a very thin, breaded and pan fried cutlet made from veal. - Metal_Treasure

This is so delicious! Just need some sauce too and than enjoy😋 - Userguy44

6 Dumplings - China

In Montreal, Canada (where I live) many varieties of dumplings can be found in grocery stores, and I like most of them. - Metal_Treasure

7 Sushi - Japan

I like most of the sushi varieties. - Metal_Treasure

Sushi looks so good - darthvadern

8 Belgian Waffle - Belgium

Almost irresistible... - Metal_Treasure

9 Pasta - Italy

Pasta is awesome - darthvadern

Contenders: Polenta, Pizza, Risotto.
Pizza is probably the most popular Italian dish worldwide but in most sources pasta is considered their national dish more often than pizza. - Metal_Treasure

10 Roast Lamb - New Zealand

New Zealand lamb, particularly the leg, is prized for its flavor and tenderness.
Contenders: Bacon and egg pie, Pavlova - Metal_Treasure

The Contenders

11 Pizza - Italy

I didn't do a research but I have a feeling that this might be the most popular food internationally. - Metal_Treasure

Pizza is the #1 food of all time! - Maddox121

Pizza is my favourite food - darthvadern

12 Apple Pie - United States

I definitely like it! - Metal_Treasure

My favourite kind of pie. My mouth waters! 😋 - Userguy44

13 Fish and Chips - United Kingdom

According to wiki, Fish and Chips is traditionally wrapped in white paper and newspaper. - Metal_Treasure

14 Tacos - Mexico A taco is a traditional Mexican dish composed of a corn or wheat tortilla folded or rolled around a filling.

Whenever I hear Mexico this is the first thing that comes in mind for me - darthvadern

Very popular in North America (US, Canada), not only in Mexico. - Metal_Treasure

15 Döner Kebab - Turkey

(aka Doner kebab).
Doner kebab inspired similar dishes such as the Arab shawarma, Greek gyros, and Mexican al pastor. The vertical rotisserie was invented in the 19th-century Ottoman Empire. - Metal_Treasure

16 Dolma - Azerbaijan, Iraq, Armenia

Dolma is stuffed veggies - usually tomato, pepper, eggplant, onion, zucchini, garlic - Metal_Treasure

17 Souvlaki - Greece

That's pretty good - small pieces of meat and sometimes vegetables grilled on a skewer. - Metal_Treasure

18 Pljeskavica - Serbia

It's a meat patty - Metal_Treasure

19 Stegt Flæsk - Denmark

A fried pork and potato-based dish - Metal_Treasure

20 Köttbullar - Sweden

Yay, they are da best. I love these - darthvadern

Swedish meatballs - Metal_Treasure

21 Macadamia Nut Pie - Marshall Islands

I think I would like this. In our grocery store there are Macadamia Nut Cookies which I like. - Metal_Treasure

22 Roast Beef - England
23 Crêpe - France

A crêpe or crepe is a very thin pancake. - Metal_Treasure

24 Sauerbraten - Germany

(German: "sour roast").
It is a pot roast that can be prepared with a variety of meats that are marinated for several days before cooking. - Metal_Treasure

25 Bratwurst - Germany

That's really yummy. - Metal_Treasure

26 Potato Pancake - Latvia

I love Potato Pancakes - Metal_Treasure

27 Tabbouleh - Lebanon

Salad with a lot of parsley. I like it a lot (you can find it in almost every grocery store in Canada) - Metal_Treasure

28 Bigos - Poland

Bigos, "often translated into English as hunter's stew, is a Polish dish of finely chopped meat of various kinds stewed with sauerkraut and shredded fresh cabbage." - wiki - Metal_Treasure

29 Pirog - Russia

It's a baked case of dough with a sweet or savory filling. There are many different fillings as well as complex fillings (chicken, eggs, onions, fish, and many more). - Metal_Treasure

30 Chicken Tikka Masala - UK

A dish of chunks of roasted marinated chicken (chicken tikka) in a spiced curry sauce. - Metal_Treasure

31 Fettuccine alla Papalina - Vatican City

The Pope's dish - Metal_Treasure

32 Paella - Spain

Traditional dish of the Valencian Community of Spain - Metal_Treasure

33 Fondue - Switzerland

Swiss fondue is a dish of melted cheese served in a communal pot (caquelon or fondue pot) over a portable stove. - Metal_Treasure

34 Banitsa - Bulgaria

This looks interesting and yummy. It's filo pastry with filling inside (filling can vary), rolled and then baked. "Traditionally, lucky charms are put into the pastry on certain occasions, particularly on New Year's Eve." - wiki - Metal_Treasure

35 Moules-frites - Belgium

(or moules et frites)
It is a main dish of mussels and fries. - Metal_Treasure

36 Peking Duck - China

A dish from Beijing that has been prepared since the imperial era. - Metal_Treasure

37 Fried Rice - China

Chinese cuisine became very popular outside China and many people tried it - Metal_Treasure

38 Nanaimo Bar - Canada

A bar dessert which requires no baking. It has 3 layers: a wafer and coconut crumb-base, custard flavoured butter icing in the middle and a layer of chocolate ganache on top. - Metal_Treasure

39 Butter Tart - Canada

This treat originated in Canada. It is a type of small sweet pastry tart that consists of a filling of butter, sugar, syrup, and egg, baked in a pastry shell until the filling is semi-solid with a crunchy top. - Metal_Treasure

40 Mofongo - Puerto Rico

A dish with fried plantains as its main ingredient. Plantains are fried, then mashed with salt, garlic, and oil (plantains are picked green) - Metal_Treasure

41 Brownies - United States

This probably doesn't need a description - Metal_Treasure

42 Kimchi - South Korea

A traditional side dish made from salted and fermented vegetables. - Metal_Treasure

43 Rösti - Switzerland

A version of hash browns - Metal_Treasure

44 Cervelat - Switzerland

It is a sausage. The sausages are called Cervelat in the German-speaking part, cervelas in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and servelat in the Italian-speaking part. - Metal_Treasure

45 Pot-au-feu - France

It's a beef stew. - Metal_Treasure

46 Stamppot - Netherlands

Yeah this is a must! - Userguy44

(English: Mash pot) - a combination of potatoes mashed with one or several vegetables, usually sauerkraut, endive, kale, spinach, turnip greens, or carrot and onion. - Metal_Treasure

47 Ceviche - Peru, Ecuador

(also cebiche, seviche or sebiche).
"It is a seafood dish typically made from fresh raw fish cured in citrus juices, such as lemon or lime, and spiced with ají, chili peppers or other seasonings including chopped onions, salt, and cilantro. Whereas the dish is not cooked with heat, it must be prepared and consumed fresh to minimize the risk of food poisoning. Ceviche is usually accompanied by side dishes that complement its flavors, such as sweet potato, lettuce, corn, avocado or plantain. The dish is popular in the Pacific coastal regions of Latin America. Though the origin of ceviche is hotly debated, in Peru it is considered a national dish." - wiki - Metal_Treasure

48 Mămăligă - Romania, Moldova

Mămăligă is a porridge made out of yellow maize flour, often served with sour cream and feta cheese. - Metal_Treasure

49 Tortilla española - Spain

(tortilla de patatas or tortilla de papas; or Spanish omelette in EN)
It is an omelette made with eggs and potatoes - Metal_Treasure

50 Borscht - Ukraine

Soup made with beetroots as one of the main ingredients, which give the dish its distinctive red color. Borscht may include meat or fish, or be purely vegetarian. It is typically made by combining meat or bone stock with sautéed vegetables, which usually include beetroots cabbage, carrots, onions, potatoes and tomatoes. - Metal_Treasure

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