Top 10 National Dishes

National dishes are part of a nation's identity and self-image. A national dish is strongly associated with a particular country for several reasons:
1) it is a staple food
2) it is made from a selection of locally available ingredients, sometimes 'exotic'
3) it is served as a festive culinary tradition that is part of a cultural heritage
4) it is part of a religious practice
5) it has been promoted as a national dish by the country itself

It wasn't easy to make this list because:

On the one hand, a country may have more than one national dish, especially big countries with diverse traditions and cultures (USA, India).
On the other, two or more countries may have the same national dish (both Peru and Ecuador claim ceviche as their national dish).

I ranked the dishes according to my taste and you know that taste is something very subjective. I didn't rank the countries so nobody should feel offended.

The Top Ten

1 Poutine - Canada Poutine - Canada Poutine is a Canadian dish, originating in the province of Quebec in the late 1950s, made with French fries and cheese curds topped with light brown gravy . Poutine is the most popular dish in Quebec. It's also found across Canada and in some places in the northern United States. Poutine has many variations more.

Call me biased but I really like it.

But a British guy wrote something in an article about dishes that can't be called biased because he isn't Canadian:
"I tried this one very recently after my Canadian roommate very patriotically wouldn’t stop raving on about it, so I thought I’d give it a whirl. This is food for addicts, pure and simple. You have greasy chips (or fries as you people over the pond call them) that is then loaded with cheese curds and topped off with a generous slathering of rich gravy. When I tried this dish the world faded away around me, I dived in and totally forgot my friends, my manners, my name..."
Yup, don't forget to write your name on a sheet of paper before you try poutine 😜 - Metal_Treasure

2 Gyro - Greece Gyro - Greece

Gyro (or gyros) is meat, cooked on a vertical rotisserie. Very often several types of meat are placed on the spit (lamb, chicken, turkey, beef, veal). They may be grilled for as long as a day. The resulting taste is incredible. It can be served on a plate or as a wrap. Gyro is like shawarma / döner kebab.
I like this type of meat preparation.
Contenders: Moussaka, Souvlaki - Metal_Treasure

3 Hamburger - United States Hamburger - United States

Many dishes are listed as national dishes which I will add later (such as Apple Pie, Fried Chicken, and more)
This is from wiki:
United States : Apple pie, hamburger, brownies
Northeast : Philly cheesesteak, funnel cake, New England clam chowder, lobster roll, buffalo wings, Peking ravioli
Midwest : hotdish, Cincinnati chili
South : Fried Chicken, macaroni and cheese, barbecue, gumbo, jambalaya, key lime pie
Texas : Tex-Mex
West : Chili, fajitas, sopaipilla
Mountain West : Rocky Mountain oysters
West Coast : Cioppino, Cobb salad, Mission-style burrito, California roll - Metal_Treasure

4 Yorkshire Pudding - England Yorkshire Pudding - England

What can I say? It's a classic. - Rocko

Contenders: Roast Beef, Fish and chips (I will add them, too)

This is from wiki:
United Kingdom : Fish and chips, Chicken tikka masala, Sunday dinner, Full breakfast (regional variations), Jelly with ice cream (national dessert)
England : Beef (especially roast beef and corned beef), Pudding (usually Christmas plum pudding), Bangers and mash, Shepherd's pie, Yorkshire pudding
Cornwall : Cornish pasty
Northern Ireland : Ulster fry, Irish stew, Champ, Pastie supper
Isle of Man : Skeddan jiarg
Scotland : Haggis
Wales : Cawl - Metal_Treasure

5 Wiener Schnitzel - Austria Wiener Schnitzel - Austria

I tried it and I loved it.
It is a very thin, breaded and pan fried cutlet made from veal. - Metal_Treasure

6 Dumplings - China Dumplings - China
7 Sushi - Japan Sushi - Japan
8 Pasta - Italy Pasta - Italy

Contenders: Polenta, Pizza, Risotto.
Pizza is probably the most popular Italian dish worldwide but in most sources pasta is considered their national dish more often than pizza. - Metal_Treasure

9 Belgian Waffle - Belgium Belgian Waffle - Belgium
10 Roast Lamb - New Zealand Roast Lamb - New Zealand

New Zealand lamb, particularly the leg, is prized for its flavor and tenderness.
Contenders: Bacon and egg pie, Pavlova - Metal_Treasure

The Contenders

11 Mofongo - Puerto Rico Mofongo - Puerto Rico
12 Pizza - Italy Pizza - Italy
13 Crêpe - France Crêpe - France

A crêpe or crepe is a very thin pancake. - Metal_Treasure

14 Bratwurst - Germany Bratwurst - Germany
15 Tacos - Mexico Tacos - Mexico A taco is a traditional Mexican dish composed of a corn or wheat tortilla folded or rolled around a filling.
16 Stamppot - Netherlands Stamppot - Netherlands

(English: Mash pot) - a combination of potatoes mashed with one or several vegetables, usually sauerkraut, endive, kale, spinach, turnip greens, or carrot and onion. - Metal_Treasure

17 Döner Kebab - Turkey Döner Kebab - Turkey

(aka Doner kebab).
Doner kebab inspired similar dishes such as the Arab shawarma, Greek gyros, and Mexican al pastor. The vertical rotisserie was invented in the 19th-century Ottoman Empire. - Metal_Treasure

18 Moules-frites - Belgium Moules-frites - Belgium

(or moules et frites)
It is a main dish of mussels and fries. - Metal_Treasure

19 Adobo - Philippines Adobo - Philippines
20 Vegemite On Toast - Australia Vegemite On Toast - Australia
21 Stegt Flæsk - Denmark Stegt Flæsk - Denmark

A fried pork and potato-based dish - Metal_Treasure

22 Kimchi - South Korea Kimchi - South Korea

A traditional side dish made from salted and fermented vegetables. - Metal_Treasure

23 Apple Pie - United States Apple Pie - United States
24 Fish and Chips - United Kingdom Fish and Chips - United Kingdom

According to wiki, Fish and Chips is traditionally wrapped in white paper and newspaper. - Metal_Treasure

25 Roast Beef - England Roast Beef - England
26 Pelmeni - Russia Pelmeni - Russia
27 Rösti - Switzerland Rösti - Switzerland

A version of hash browns - Metal_Treasure

28 Cervelat - Switzerland Cervelat - Switzerland

It is a sausage. The sausages are called Cervelat in the German-speaking part, cervelas in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and servelat in the Italian-speaking part. - Metal_Treasure

29 Pot-au-feu - France Pot-au-feu - France

It's a beef stew. - Metal_Treasure

30 Sauerbraten - Germany Sauerbraten - Germany

(German: "sour roast").
It is a pot roast that can be prepared with a variety of meats that are marinated for several days before cooking. - Metal_Treasure

31 Potato Pancake - Latvia Potato Pancake - Latvia
32 Tabbouleh - Lebanon Tabbouleh - Lebanon
33 Ceviche - Peru, Ecuador Ceviche - Peru, Ecuador

(also cebiche, seviche or sebiche).
"It is a seafood dish typically made from fresh raw fish cured in citrus juices, such as lemon or lime, and spiced with ají, chili peppers or other seasonings including chopped onions, salt, and cilantro. Whereas the dish is not cooked with heat, it must be prepared and consumed fresh to minimize the risk of food poisoning. Ceviche is usually accompanied by side dishes that complement its flavors, such as sweet potato, lettuce, corn, avocado or plantain. The dish is popular in the Pacific coastal regions of Latin America. Though the origin of ceviche is hotly debated, in Peru it is considered a national dish." - wiki - Metal_Treasure

34 Bigos - Poland Bigos - Poland

Bigos, "often translated into English as hunter's stew, is a Polish dish of finely chopped meat of various kinds stewed with sauerkraut and shredded fresh cabbage." - wiki - Metal_Treasure

35 Pirog - Russia Pirog - Russia
36 Mămăligă - Romania, Moldova Mămăligă - Romania, Moldova

Mămăligă is a porridge made out of yellow maize flour, often served with sour cream and feta cheese. - Metal_Treasure

37 Tortilla española - Spain Tortilla española - Spain

(tortilla de patatas or tortilla de papas; or Spanish omelette in EN)
It is an omelette made with eggs and potatoes - Metal_Treasure

38 Borscht - Ukraine Borscht - Ukraine
39 Chicken Tikka Masala - UK Chicken Tikka Masala - UK
40 Fettuccine alla Papalina - Vatican City Fettuccine alla Papalina - Vatican City

The Pope's dish - Metal_Treasure

41 Dolma - Azerbaijan, Iraq, Armenia Dolma - Azerbaijan, Iraq, Armenia

Dolma is stuffed veggies - usually tomato, pepper, eggplant, onion, zucchini, garlic - Metal_Treasure

42 Paella - Spain Paella - Spain

Traditional dish of the Valencian Community of Spain - Metal_Treasure

43 Souvlaki - Greece Souvlaki - Greece
44 Moussaka - Greece Moussaka - Greece
45 Fondue - Switzerland Fondue - Switzerland

Swiss fondue is a dish of melted cheese served in a communal pot (caquelon or fondue pot) over a portable stove. - Metal_Treasure

46 Bat Soup - Palau, Federated States of Micronesia Bat Soup - Palau, Federated States of Micronesia
47 Gulyás (Goulash) - Hungary Gulyás (Goulash) - Hungary
48 Banitsa - Bulgaria Banitsa - Bulgaria
49 Feijoada - Brazil Feijoada - Brazil
50 Peking Duck - China Peking Duck - China
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