Greatest European Philosophers (Excluding Greece, Germany and France)
The Top Ten
1 Thomas Aquinas
2 Søren Kierkegaard
3 Baruch Spinoza
4 Leo Tolstoy Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer who is regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time.
5 Jean-Jacques Rousseau
6 Ludwig Wittgenstein
7 David Hume
8 Fyodor Dostoevsky Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky, sometimes transliterated Dostoevsky, was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist and philosopher.
9 Niels Bohr Niels Henrik David Bohr was a Danish physicist who made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum theory, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922. Bohr was also a philosopher and a promoter of scientific research.
10 Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the father of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
11 Isaac Newton Sir Isaac Newton PRS was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution.
12 Mary Wollstonecraft
13 G.K. Chesterton
14 Franz Kafka Franz Kafka was a German-language writer of novels and short stories who is widely regarded as one of the major figures of 20th-century literature.
15 John Stuart Mill
16 Dante Alighieri Durante degli Alighieri, simply called Dante (c. 1265 – 1321), was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages. His Divine Comedy is widely considered the greatest literary work composed in the Italian language and a masterpiece of world literature.
17 Carl Jung
18 George Berkeley
19 Bertrand Russell Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist, and Nobel laureate.
20 Thomas Hobbes
21 Teresa of Avila
22 Desiderius Erasmus
23 John Amos Comenius
24 Roger Joseph Boscovich
25 Harriet Taylor Mill