Top Ten Greatest Socialists

The greatest people of all time who called themselves a socialist or who advocated for socialism.
The Top Ten
1 Karl Marx Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, historian, political theorist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist. Born in Trier to a middle-class family, Marx studied law and Hegelian philosophy.

-Author of The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital.
-Founder of the Communist League and key member of the First International.
-Revolutionary figure who kindled Marxism, communism, modern sociology, and the powerful ideas of historical materialism, dialectical materialism, class struggle, alienated labor, crisis theory, social conflict theory, and the labor theory of value.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: β€œLet the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Workers of all countries, unite!”

2 Nelson Mandela Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country's first black chief executive, and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election.

-Revolutionary who fought apartheid as the leader of the African National Congress (ANC) Youth League, its military wing, and ultimately the ANC itself. Spent 27 years in prison.
-First President of South Africa (1994-1999). His government created South Africa's Constitution, led a Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and provided land, electricity, education, and healthcare to South African citizens.
-Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize and author of The Long Walk to Freedom.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: "Massive poverty and obscene inequality are such terrible scourges of our times -- times in which the world boasts breathtaking advances in science, technology, industry and wealth accumulation -- that they have to rank alongside slavery and apartheid as social evils. Overcoming poverty is not a gesture of charity. It is an act of justice. It is the protection of a fundamental human right, the right to dignity and a decent life. While poverty ...more

3 Martin Luther King Jr Martin Luther King Jr. (born Michael King Jr.; January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an African American minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1955 until his assassination in 1968. King is best known for advancing civil rights through ...read more.

-Most famous activist from the Civil Rights movement. Leader of the Montgomery bus boycott, the Birmingham campaign, and the Poor People’s Campaign. Participated in the Selma marches and the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, where he delivered the celebrated "I Have A Dream" speech. Assassinated.
-Minister. President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
-Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize and the US Presidential Medal of Freedom.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: β€œCall it democracy, or call it democratic socialism, but there must be a better distribution of wealth within this country for all God’s children.”

4 Bernie Sanders Bernard "Bernie" Sanders is an independent American Senator from Vermont and was a candidate for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in the 2016 and 2020 elections.

Americans found out Bernie wasn't crazy after all

-Independent US Senator from Vermont, ranking member on the Senate Budget Committee, US Representative from Vermont, and Mayor of Burlington.
-Co-founder of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, co-sponsor of the Medicare for All and Social Security Expansion bills. Secured funding for key healthcare, environmental, and other social programs.
-Ran for US President in 2016 and 2020. Popularized socialism and his policy platform, and inspired other US leftists to run for office through organization like Our Revolution.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: β€œIf there is going to be class warfare in this country, it's about time the working class won that war.”

5 Jawaharlal Nehru

1889-1964
-Leader in the Indian independence movement and president of the Indian National Congress. Imprisoned with Gandhi for civil disobedience.
-First Prime Minister of India, the largest democracy in the world. Served for 18 years. Abolished the princely states and integrated a large and diverse nation under one secular government. Leader of the Non-Aligned Movement, oversaw India's loss in the Sino-Indian War.
-Led the industrialization of a mixed economy and creation of the "Permit Raj," fought for the rights of women and lower castes, and established universal primary education throughout India.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: "The conflict between capitalism and democracy is inherent and continuous; it is often hidden by misleading propaganda and by the outward forms of democracy, such as parliaments, and the sops that the owning classes throw to the other classes to keep them more or less contented. A time comes when ...more

6 Noam Chomsky Avram Noam Chomsky is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, political activist, and social critic.

-Linguist who revolutionized the field of linguistics by creating the universal grammar theory, the generative grammar theory, the Chomsky hierarchy, and the minimalist program. Credited with inspiring the cognitive revolution in the human sciences.
-Professor and author of Manufacturing Consent, Hegemony or Survival, and Syntactic Structures.
-Activist and outspoken critic of war, US foreign policy, neoliberalism, state capitalism, and the news media, and defender of free speech.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: β€œCapitalism is a system in which the central institutions of society are in principle under autocratic control. Thus, a corporation or an industry is, if we were to think of it in political terms, fascist; that is, it has tight control at the top and strict obedience has to be established at every level – there’s a little bargaining, a little give and take, but the line of authority is perfectly straightforward. Just as I’m opposed ...more

7 Luiz InΓ‘cio Lula da Silva

-Union organizer and founding member of Brazil’s Worker’s Party.
-President of Brazil (2003-2010). Created sweeping family assistance, anti-hunger, and infrastructure programs that brought millions out of poverty, while running a surplus and successfully navigating Brazil through the 2008 global recession.
-After endorsing President Dilma Rousseff as his successor, she was impeached and he was imprisoned (and later freed) in the politically motivated Operation Car Wash, which prevented him from seeking office again.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: β€œHunger is actually the worst weapon of mass destruction. It claims millions of victims each year...Well-fed people can enhance their dignity, their health and their learning capacity. Putting resources into social programs is not expenditure. It is investment...Where there is hunger there is no hope. There is only desolation and pain. Hunger nurtures violence and fanaticism. A world where people ...more

8 W.E.B. Du Bois

1868-1963
-Author of The Souls of Black Folk and Black Reconstruction in America.
-Co-founder of the NAACP, founder of the Niagara Movement, and editor of The Crisis.
-Major contributor to modern sociology and pan-Africanism. Opposed Booker T. Washington's accommodation to Jim Crow and Marcus Garvey's separatism, while embracing Marxism later in life. Proposed theories of double consciousness, the color line, and the talented tenth.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: β€œTo be a poor man is hard, but to be a poor race in a land of dollars is the very bottom of hardships.”

9 Helen Keller

-Author of The Story of My Life, about her childhood triumph over the challenges posed by blindness and deafness.
-Co-founder of the ACLU and founder of the Helen Keller International organization. Member of the Industrial Workers of the World and the Socialist Party.
-Delivered countless lectures around the world on socialism, rights for people with disabilities, women's rights, and anti-imperialism, among other topics.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: "I was appointed on a commission to investigate the conditions of the blind. For the first time I, who had thought blindness a misfortune beyond human control, found that too much of it was traceable to wrong industrial conditions, often caused by the selfishness and greed of employers. And the social evil contributed its share. I found that poverty drove women to a life of shame that ended in blindness."

10 Albert Einstein Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. His work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science.

-Theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, the theory of special relativity, the mass–energy equivalence formula E=mc2, and the theory of Brownian motion. Also laid the foundation for quantum physics.
-Received the Nobel Prize in physics for discovering the law of the photoelectric effect, and was named Time’s Person of the Century.
-Peace activist. Helped create the International Rescue Committee. Advocated for refugees, civil rights for African Americans, world government, gay rights, labor Zionism, and Arab-Jewish peace.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: β€œI am convinced there is only one way to eliminate these grave evils, namely through the establishment of a socialist economy, accompanied by an educational system which would be oriented toward social goals. In such an economy, the means of production are owned by society itself and are utilized in a planned fashion. A planned economy, which adjusts production to the ...more

The Contenders
11 Eugene Debs

-Five time presidential candidate for the Socialist Party of America. Imprisoned for ten years for opposing US entry into World War I.
-Founding member of the Industrial Workers of the World, the American Railway Union, and the Socialist Party of America.
-Led the landmark Pullman strike and the Burlington railroad strike of 1888, and arguably inspired later banking reforms and child labor laws.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: β€œWhile there is a lower class, I am in it, while there is a criminal element, I am of it, and while there is a soul in prison, I am not free.”

12 Malala Yousafzai Malala Yousafzai S.St is a Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest-ever Nobel Prize laureate.

-Activist blogger and spokesperson who was shot in the head by the Taliban after advocating for girls’ education and women’s rights in Pakistan.
-Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, youngest Nobel laureate, author of I Am Malala, and subject of the documentary He Named Me Malala.
-Creator of the Malala Fund and advocate against the Rohingya genocide and drone strikes, among other issues.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: β€œI am convinced Socialism is the only answer and I urge all comrades to take this struggle to a victorious conclusion. Only this will free us from the chains of bigotry and exploitation.”

13 Clement Attlee

-Prime Minister of the UK (1945-1951) and Leader of the Labour Party (1935-1955).
-As Prime Minister, created the UK's National Health Service and social insurance system, which offer free healthcare for all citizens and pensions for retirees, the sick, and the unemployed. Nationalized public utilities and major industries, created the National Parks system, passed a universal family allowance, and ensured free secondary education.
-Supported NATO and the Marshall Plan. Oversaw the independence of India and Pakistan as well as the end of the British Mandate in Palestine.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: "Socialists do not propose to substitute the domination of society by one privileged class for that of another. They seek to abolish class distinctions altogether. The abolition of classes is fundamental to the Socialist conception of society."

14 MΓ‘tyΓ‘s RΓ‘kosi
15 Slobodan Milosevic Slobodan Miloőević was a Yugoslav and Serbian politician and the President of Serbia from 1989 to 1997 and President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1997 to 2000.
16 Angela Davis

-Author of Women, Race & Class and Are Prisons Obsolete?
-Put on FBI’s Most Wanted List for alleged involvement in Marin County courthouse attacks; was acquitted after successfully defending herself at trial.
-Professor and founder of the Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism as well as prison abolition organization Critical Resistance.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: β€œIf Black people, by means of terror and violence, could remain the most brutally exploited group within the swelling ranks of the working class, the capitalists could enjoy a double advantage. Extra profits would result from the superexploitation of Black labor, and white workers’ hostilities toward their employers would be defused. White workers who assented to lynching necessarily assumed a posture of racial solidarity with the white men who were really their oppressors. This was a critical moment in the popularization of racist ideology.”

17 Mengistu Haile Mariam Mengistu Haile Mariam is an Ethiopian politician who was the leader of Ethiopia from 1977 to 1991. He was the chairman of the Derg, the Communist military junta that governed Ethiopia, from 1977 to 1987, and the President of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia from 1987 to 1991. Effectively ...read more.
18 Kwame Nkrumah

-Marxist revolutionary who was elected Prime Minister of the Gold Coast colony, and led a campaign of β€œpositive action” which resulted in Ghana becoming the first sub-Saharan African country to gain its independence from European colonization.
-First leader of Ghana (1957-1966). Passed ambitious development plans, created a welfare system, and established universal primary education. Overthrown in a coup after creating a one-party system with him as leader.
-Pan-Africanist, founder of the Organization of African Unity, and author of Neo-Colonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: β€œIf we are to achieve revolutionary Socialism, then we must avoid any suggestion that will imply that there is any separation between the Socialist world and a β€˜Third World.’”

19 Vladimir Lenin Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin, was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician, and political theorist.

-Marxist revolutionary who led the Bolsheviks in the 1917 October Revolution which established the Russian Soviet Republic. Consolidated power by defeating the White Army and leading the Red Terror.
-Leader of Russia and the Soviet Union until his death. Presided over the redistribution of land to peasants, the nationalization of banks and industries, the Russian withdrawal from WWI, and the New Economic Policy.
-Author of The State and Revolution and Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism, Lenin opposed nationalism, imperialism, and parliamentary democracy, and supported the establishment of a centralized and international worker’s state.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: β€œFreedom in capitalist society always remains about the same as it was in ancient Greek republics: Freedom for slave owners.”

20 James Baldwin

-Author of many novels, including Giovanni’s Room and If Beale Street Could Talk. Essayist, poet, and playwright, and author of The Fire Next Time and Notes of a Native Son.
-His work explored themes of masculinity, sexuality, race, and class in the context of the Civil Rights Movement and Gay Liberation Movement.
-Activist and lecturer during the Civil Rights Movement.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: β€œBobby Seale talks about a Yankee Doodle-type socialism. I know what he means when he says that. It is a socialism created from the indigenous need of the people in the place...The price of any real socialism here is the eradication of what we call the race problem...Racism is crucial to the system to keep Black[s] and whites at a division so both were and are a source of cheap labor.”

21 Evo Morales

-President of Bolivia (2006-2019) and leader of the Movement for Socialism (since 1998). Previously a trade unionist and activist for the preservation of Bolivia’s coca industry.
-As president, he significantly increased state ownership over natural resources within the context of a mixed economy, expanded the welfare state, abolished illiteracy, and cut off ties with the IMF and World Bank.
-Led initiatives to preserve indigenous culture and languages, combat racism, and increase the political participation of indigenous peoples.
π™Žπ™€π™˜π™žπ™–π™‘π™žπ™¨π™© 𝙦π™ͺπ™€π™©π™š: β€œIf we want to save the planet earth, to save life and humanity, we have a duty to put an end to the capitalist system...This is why I believe that it is important to put an end to the exploitation of human beings and to the pillage of natural resources, to put an end to destructive wars for markets and raw materials, to the plundering of energy, particularly fossil fuels, to the ...more

22 Bashar al-Assad Bashar Hafez al-Assad is the current President of Syria, holding the office since 17 July 2000. He is also commander-in-chief of the Syrian Armed Forces, General Secretary of the ruling Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party and Regional Secretary of the party's branch in Syria.

He saved Syria from Salafis and made a state where there is freedom of religion in the Middle East

23 Ho Chi Minh Hα»“ ChΓ­ Minh, was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was Chairman and First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam.
24 Elizabeth Cady Stanton

-Suffragist, activist, and author of the influential Declaration of Sentiments on women's rights.
-Founder and president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. Credited with initiating the first organized women's rights movement in the US.
-Abolitionist. Declined to support the 14th and 15th Amendments since the rights they provided did not extend to women.

25 Dolores Huerta

-Labor leader and co-founder of the United Farm Workers, which revolutionized the farm labor movement in the US.
-Organized the successful Delano grape strike in 1965, lobbied for bills that improved conditions for farm workers, and participated in various civil disobedience activities.
-Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom and originator of the phrase, "SΓ­, se puede."

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