The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly shortened to United Kingdom, UK or Britain is a Sovereign State located of the Northwestern coast of Europe. It is a Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy currently lead by Monarch Queen Elizabeth II and its current prime minister is Boris Johnson. The UK is a Unitary State consisting of Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is currently a member state of the European Union, but as of 2016 has start the withdrawal process, and is set to leave the Union in October 2019.
The UK is well known for being a leader throughout history, being home to many influential people, such as scientist Isaac Newton, writer William Shakespeare and modern celebrities such as the Beatles, which were at the forefront of the UK's contribution to international science, literature and music. It was classed as either 1st or 2nd in international soft power (influence) and is one of the leading economic and military European leaders.
English is the De-facto Official Language of the entire UK, spoken by 97% of the populace, with Welsh, Irish, Scots, Ulster-Scots and Scottish Gaelic all be given de-facto or recognized status is their respective nations.
The modern configuration of the UK was formed in 1922 after the formation of the Irish Free State and the subsequent independence of Ireland. Its capital is London.
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