Canada is a country in North America that is next to the United States, and it's the 2nd largest country in the world by area (size is 9.985 million km²). This country has 10 provinces, and 3 territories. Canada became a dominion on July 1, 1867. Its 10 provinces are: Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec, Alberta, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. Its 3 territories are: Yukon, Northwest territories, and Nunavut. Toronto, Quebec City, Montreal, Vancouver, Winnipeg, St. John's, and Fredericton are major cities in the country. Canada's capital city, Ottawa, is in the southeastern province of Ontario, near the city of Montreal and the U.S. border. Sitting on the Ottawa River, it has at its center Parliament Hill, with grand Victorian architecture and museums like the National Gallery of Canada, with noted collections of indigenous and other Canadian art. The park-lined Rideau Canal is filled with boats in summer and ice-skaters in winter. Canada's 2 official languages are: French Canadian, and British English. Its national anthem, "O Canada", was written on June 24, 1880, but only became the national anthem officially on 1980, July 1. Niagara Falls is a well known tourist destination, shared between the U.S.A. and Canada, though a survey was taken on both sides to reveal that people are more satisfied with the Canadian side. The CN tower is a 553.33 building that is communication tower, but is also a popular tourist destination. The population is about 36,458,000 (population of 2016, December 28). Its government is Representative democracy, Federal monarchy, Constitutional monarchy, and Parliamentary system. Its current leader, Justin Trudeau, (son of Pierre Trudeau, deceased Prime Minister) is a member of the Liberal Party, and is the 23rd Prime Minister of Canada. Canada has been deemed 2 best best country by the Washington Post, beat by Germany and ahead of Britain. It is known for its love of maple syrup, producing 80% percent of the worlds supply in Quebec. Canada also has Universal Healthcare, paying for it through taxes.
The country's official languages are French and English.
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