Greatest Mathematicians of All Time

This a list of the greatest mathematicians who have ever walked on this world. This is based on my knowledge... please help and enrich this list adding more names of the great mathematicians.

The Top Ten

1 Leonhard Euler Leonhard Euler Leonhard Euler was a Swiss mathematician, physicist, astronomer, logician and engineer who made important and influential discoveries in many branches of mathematics like infinitesimal calculus and graph theory while also making pioneering contributions to several branches such as topology and analytic more.

More than 900 works that too after going blind

This is the only man who was able the calculate problems in his head, problems that baffled Sir Isaac Newton.

He is not only a prolific writer in Mathematics but also there is a beauty in the theorems, concepts made by him. Very interesting mathematician.


2 Srinivasa Ramanujan Srinivasa Ramanujan

He is the greatest self educated mathematician ever. He gave more than 3000 theorems. Today also mathematicians struggling to prove his unsolved theorems.

All most all number theory theorems was made @ formulated by him @ hidden within himself so it does not came out side...

Very fortunate for the world of mathematics that this self taught genius was born but equally unfortunate that he passed away at the young age of only 32. A devout Hindu he bewildered the mathematicians of his day, decades ahead of his time in the field of mathematics. Modern day great physicists like Michiel Kaku are still mesmerised by this past genius and continue to use his work in their field of physics. Never has such a mind in mathematics been born, hard to believe such a mind can even exists, come back again brother in another form. Love.

If lives for 60 years, you could imagine how many I can invent

3 Carl Friedrich Gauss Carl Friedrich Gauss Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, mechanics, electrostatics, astronomy, matrix theory, and optics.

Simply the best

Sir Carl Friedrich Gauss who is majestic by all order was the most thorough arithmetic scientist to ever exist.

Even though I like Leonard Euler very much, due to the beautiful theorems invented by him, I feel Gauss would stand as greatest mathematician of all times, if we consider the rigour of his mathematical analysis and his ability.

Gauss should be #1 because many of his theorems ae still used today

4 Isaac Newton Isaac Newton Sir Isaac Newton PRS was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution.


He is the best mathematician

Sir Isaac Newton? Yeah right more like Lord Isaac Newton


5 Euclid

The God of geometry

The father of geometry.

Man euclid is best he must be in top 5

Father of Geometry

6 Archimedes Archimedes Archimedes of Syracuse was an Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.

As an early mathematician he didn’t have the knowledge of others so I think he should be at least top 5

Very interesting mathematician

I believe Archimedes should go to the top 3 he invented buoyancy and the principle of the lever. the principle of the lever is the first principle ever to be introduced. He also made the spiral pump, which is still used today. If it weren't for him there would be no science of today.

Archimedes tried in finding the value of pie which helped in the building of the great pyramid of Giza in Egypt

7 Aryabhatta

He is the best mathematician ever... His works were not converted into books that was the reason why he was not famous as Euler. He invented trigonometry which is most essential field in geometry.. He proved theorem of Pythagoras much before but they were not converted into books therefore we say it Pythagoras theorem..

The first inventor of Zero and pi.. And the first astronomer who said that the earth is round not Copernicus... Europeans stole many concepts of Indians and certain other Eastern countries.. He said that there are 7 satellites of Saturn before 8000 years and now NASA scientists does not had find the 8th one..

Common, even Wikipedia cconfirms his contributions. From trigonometry to calculus. He had made thousands of discoveries before any European.

Great mathematician ever...

8 Bernhard Riemann

The greatest mathematician,in my opinion. He set the foundations of the modern geometry. You wont see anything more than his name when you study topology, complex analysis, differential geometry etc..He is also the originator of the biggest open problem in mathematics,The Riemann Hypotesis, which, after 160 years, hasnt still been proven.

The greatest mathematician ever, given the depth and significance of his ideas which have changed our understandig of the universe.

Paved the way for general relativity

His Hypothesis is still motivating research today!

1 Comment
9 John Von Neumann John Von Neumann John von Neumann was a Hungarian-American pure and applied mathematician, physicist, inventor, computer scientist, and polymath.

He gave the theoretical architecture of computer, known as Von Neumann architecture and his contributions are far far greater. 11 number is very low rank for him. He wasn't much visible in popular culture that's why he is ranked so low, I suppose.

He should be the number 1, because he worked the most difficult areas of math.

He contributed so many things even outside of math also in quantum physics, meteorology, machine learning rackets, atomic bomb, this dude was deep... he was really large, the math in Gaus's times wasn't difficult... so Neumann vins)...he deserves to be at least in top 3 ever

He changed every area he ever thought about. He ranks with Archimides and no one else is close to his breadth and depth of thinking.

10 Gottfried W. Leibniz

He independently invented Calculus, but his notation was way better than Newton's. Leibniz's notation is used world wide. He also invented many other things like the binary system and also the first fully functional mechanical and electrical calculator.

Amongst his many contributions to a variety of fields, he independently invented Calculus and it is his notation that we learn today in school. His notation was so much more powerful than Newton's that because of their furious dispute, the British refused to adopt it and thus fell behind the rest of Europe in math over the next century. This is why after Newton, you don't hear about any great mathematician from England. The next wave of math geniuses came from France and Germany and other countries in the persons of Laplace, Lagrange, Gauss, Euler, etc, etc.

The Contenders

11 Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal (19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic theologian. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal's earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions more.
12 Pythagoras Pythagoras Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and the putative founder of the movement called Pythagoreanism.

At least in top 10!

This is one of the fathers of modern math argumentation system and also the author of the first in the history mathematical theorems.

The grandfather of math none of these mathematicians would be on this list if it weren't for him

Pythagoras thm is very imp this man deserves at least in top ten please vote for him

1 Comment
13 David Hilbert

Hilbert Space

He was also a physicist.

14 Augustin Cauchy

Well, he should at least he in top 2 for the spectacular maths he did.

I like the way he thinks

15 Ronald Graham
16 Pierre Simon Laplace

I like his name

17 René Decartes

This guy is huge in Physics Mechanics Engineering with Statics and Dynamics. Either at rest calculations to encase with tons of examples or just constantly in motion yet again confines the action beautifully struggling to understand what is going on. Future is these might be done in real time however some background might be needed. With Rene Descartes all this became possible which is good Christianity Christmas. Awesome contributions and dared to where naught been having without and again might have been delays. Those just get the job done and the name attribution to...well it is Rene Descartes. - iliescu

The cartesian coordinate system was invented by this guy, and he's just so smart overall

18 Albert Einstein Albert Einstein Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. His work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science.

WHAT! Are you crazy 70? He is a science genius he worked though geometry algebra and calculus before his uncle understood it. And his uncle was an electrical engineer

The greatest mathematician and physicist ever. He must be in the top ten in this list.

Why is albert on this list? - Flav

19 Pierre De Fermat

Remember how he made other mathematicians suffer after he died.

Hie is funi gui. and good friend to mi mother

20 Alan Turing Alan Turing Alan Mathison Turing was a pioneering English computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst and theoretical biologist.

Should be higher on the list.

Inventor of the turing machine. The first theoretcal computer. Inventor of the turing test for ai. Cracked the enigma machine during WWII.

21 Muhammad Al-Khowarizmi

Please put him on the top because he really deserves it. How the founder of algebra can situate here. Even you should replace him with Eyler as without first the second wouldn't even conceive of something new...

Too low on this list.

That is horrible that you guys even don't know how write the name of algebra's father. We all use algebra on a daily basis, he must in higher on the list. His name is "Muhammad Al-KHORAZMI" and that scientist researched all things much earlier than others

He is the best mathematician because he invented algebra and without it nothing could have been done he should go to the top

22 Georg Cantor

Cantor should be much higher than 14th, he invented set theory and revolutionized the concept of infinity.

23 Henri Poincaré

Differential equations and dynamical systems are in the base of modern math applications and technical progress. Poicare is undoubtedly one of the most prominent scientists who made this branch of math what it currently is. He deserves standing in one line with Newton, so I give him my vote. - elnino

The last true master of ALL of mathematics!

One of the Last géreraliste.

In my humble opinion, he was last greatest matematician of 19th century

24 Fibonacci

An Italian Mathematician, he wrote a number of Important Texts which played an important role in reviving Ancient Mathematical Skills, and he made significant contributions of His own.

25 Joshep Louis Lagrange
26 Chris Winterburn

Very overlooked and underrated mathematician but up there with the best. Some of his theories look to be some of the most important ever.

THE ultimate mathematician. Absolutely sweats maths.

Brilliant and very overlooked mathematician

Great guy. Deserves more recognition

27 Bhascar Acharya

He was one of greatest mathematician discovered the gravity and many more

He was the first who observed Gravitation.. Not Newton.. If you don't know then search it.. Newton worked on his principals and become famous.. Just like the Europeans taken wealth from eastern countries mainly India. That's the reason why world credits Europeans not Indians.

Real Father of the advance mathematics

It isn't Bhaskar Acharya.It is a single word BHASKARACHARYA.

28 Sridhar Acharya
29 Alexandre Grothendieck

The greatest genius of all times. His unique mind worked differently than of any other mathematician. He simply did not think like a human being, his mind worked in the most abstract and general ways imaginable (or unimaginable). His unique quest was to unify all mathematics, in fact, create a new mathematics in which all problems, no matter how hard they may seem in the current mathematics, become trivial in his new mathematics. He attempted to create a mathematics in which all solutions to all problems reveal themselves naturally and effortlessly. In his mathematics, problems are no longer relevant, they are just mere tests of this ultimate mathematics.

Greatest genius in math history. Nobody was better in a single area of math than Geothendieck was at algebraic geometry.

His unique approach to mathematics was unbelieveable. Greatest power of abstraction and generalization ever seen in a mathematician. All coming from a country in war and a very poor education (Montpellier). He is considered as the natural successor of Evariste Galois. He was brilliant and had a great capacity of work (with a vast amount of sheets after his death). Thanks to his work, Algebraic Geometry is nowadays one of the most importants topics of research with a lot of applications (both in mathematics and other disciplines (physics, statistics...). He was a master in building new mansions while other mathematicians were still building some furniture.

30 Niles Abel
31 Evariste Galois

He was only 17 when he developed one of the greatest mathematical achievement ever

Hands down one of the greatest!

Most definitely the greatest of all. We will never know the extent of the work he could've acomplished.

32 Kurt Godel

Godel Theorem Incompleteness...

Godel Theorem Incompleteness, more than enough to put him in top 10 list as best mathematicians ever.

Oh yes!

33 Brahmagupta

Discoverer of zero and inventor of the modern standard multiplication method

Very great mathematician and also a legend

34 Grigori Perelman

Grigori Yakovlevich Perelman - Proved the geometrization conjecture which solved the Poincare conjecture.

Only person to have solved one of the Millennium Problems and refused to accept the prize money because he felt it was unfair to Hamilton.

Refused to accept the Fields Medal based on moral grounds.

35 John Nash John Nash John Forbes Nash Jr. was an American mathematician who made fundamental contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and the study of partial differential equations.

Great mathematical

36 Liu Hui
37 Terence Tao Terence Tao Terence "Terry" Chi-Shen Tao is an Australian-American mathematician who has worked in various areas of mathematics.

He is more than a mathematician

He is cool

38 Maryam Mirzakhani

She was one of the greatest mathematicians in the world, too bad she died so young.

39 Panini

Great mathematician! Delicious sandwich!

40 Joseph Fourier

Every field in engineering involving waves has Fourier's transformations in foundations of it.

41 Bertrand Russell Bertrand Russell Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist, and Nobel laureate.
42 Constantin Carathéodory


43 Sir Andrew Wiles

Persistent, Intelligent, Kind. Proved Fermat's Last Theorem. Definitely one of the best.

Can't argue that this guy deserves to be somewhere near the top.

Why isn't he on the list? He proved Fermat's Last Theorem, which is essentially the most difficult mathematics theorem to ever show up. 3 centuries it went unsolved. And this man solved it by himself. That right, Gauss, Euler, NOBODY was able to solve it but this man did it in 7 years.

One of the best for proving Fermat's Last Theorem.

44 Nicolai Lobachevsky

He definitely deserves to be higher on this list! He's one of the mathematicians who gave Maths the form that we know today!

45 Peter G. L. Dirichlet
46 Omar Al Khayyam
47 Madhava of Sangamagrama

The first man on this earth who invented Calculus not Newton.. The Britishers who were ruling at that time stole his concepts and spread it in the Europe. Newton worked on his principals and become famous.. In the same way he did not discover gravity... Gravity was discovered by Bhaskaracharya An Indian scholars... Many European scientists stole Indian concepts

The real inventer of calculus... But the many westerners learned our language and stole many concepts especially Europeans

48 Jacob Steiner
49 Richard Dedekind
50 Godfrey H. Hardy

My favourite mathematician

8Load More
PSearch List

Related Lists

Top Ten Famous Scientists and Mathematicians Who May Have Been on the Autism Spectrum

List Stats

3,000 votes
91 listings
7 years, 328 days old

Top Remixes (9)

1. Srinivasa Ramanujan
2. Leonhard Euler
3. Carl Friedrich Gauss
1. Aryabhatta
2. Leonhard Euler
3. Srinivasa Ramanujan
1. Leonhard Euler
2. David Hilbert
3. Ronald Graham

View All 9

Error Reporting

See a factual error in these listings? Report it here.