Greatest Mathematicians of All Time

This a list of the greatest mathematicians who have ever walked on this world. This is based on my knowledge... please help and enrich this list adding more names of the great mathematicians.

The Top Ten

1 Leonhard Euler Leonhard Euler was a Swiss mathematician, physicist, astronomer, logician and engineer who made important and influential discoveries in many branches of mathematics like infinitesimal calculus and graph theory while also making pioneering contributions to several branches such as topology and analytic more.

He is not only a prolific writer in Mathematics but also there is a beauty in the theorems, concepts made by him. Very interesting mathematician.

Why is there even discussion about this.
Just look at his scope in quality and quantity.
Nobody comes close.

His influence is everywhere in mathematics. No one contributed more than him to mathematics to be what it is not.

This is the only man who was able the calculate problems in his head, problems that baffled Sir Isaac Newton.

2 Srinivasa Ramanujan

With severe limitations, ranging from poverty, lack of exposures to his contemporaries, an era of western ascendency and crippling health problems, he saw mathematics beyond what any human could see. We can only wonder what would he achieved if he was properly groomed and motivated like the rest of the mathematical geniuses on the list. Even to this day proving his theorems is like a quest to the holy grail.

He developed mathematical functions including what is now known as mock modular forms based on what one would call his "visions" just by thought and without proof in most cases. None of his work has been repudiated to this date, albeit there have been corrections and improvements and mathematicians who came after him have been able to proof most of Ramanujan's work. His mathematical model that points to the existence of black holes, a full 100 years before there was any concept of black holes (let alone a fully developed theory) show's his brilliance as a mathematician. His influence has also been rightly noted in development of string theory.

Very fortunate for the world of mathematics that this self taught genius was born but equally unfortunate that he passed away at the young age of only 32. A devout Hindu he bewildered the mathematicians of his day, decades ahead of his time in the field of mathematics. Modern day great physicists like Michiel Kaku are still mesmerised by this past genius and continue to use his work in their field of physics. Never has such a mind in mathematics been born, hard to believe such a mind can even exists, come back again brother in another form. Love.

Unparalleled originality and creativity of all the mathematicians. An autodidact and comes from humble beginnings. 3,900 theorems. Dedicated his life for math. If he lived longer he would surpassed Euler and Gauss. He was astounding. Just to give a perspective of his abilities. If you spent a dime in one city he will be able tell you where that dime would end up in 2 years. Now to make it complicated if you spent 2 identical dimes and asked him 10ys later and that there 1000+ cities his calculations would predict if those dimes are together or not and if not where. He dealt with infinities and large numbers that normal brains can't even comprehend.

So he should be the first on the list. Not newton, not Euler, not Gauss and definitely not Archimedes. I also see several articles about greatest mathematicians of all times and he was never even listed in that while I see Alan Turing on that. I admire Alan Turings work but its in no even close to being comparable to Ramanujan. Its ...more

3 Carl Friedrich Gauss Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, mechanics, electrostatics, astronomy, matrix theory, and optics.

Gauss took the baton from Euler and worked on hard problems. Not as prolific as Euler because he preferred more rigorous proofs. I think he was that much more influential. Mathematics is a subject that becomes more difficult as we progress. Who knows who would have been the best had everybody started with similar state of knowledge. Euler, Gauss, Gauss, Euler, or van Neuman. I'm going for Gauss, maybe I just like number theory.

Even though I like Leonard Euler very much, due to the beautiful theorems invented by him, I feel Gauss would stand as greatest mathematician of all times, if we consider the rigour of his mathematical analysis and his ability.

Sir Carl Friedrich Gauss who is majestic by all order was the most thorough arithmetic scientist to ever exist.

I just know that in electronic engineering 80% of what we see derives from him

4 Isaac Newton Sir Isaac Newton PRS was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution.

He is the only human being to be argued as the greatest mathematician ever and the greatest physicist ever at the same time.
Gauss is cool be only a mathematician, Einstein is fine and dandy but only a physicist. Newton is in a league of his own.
I don't know of what kind of thing this creature is made of

He should be on the top of the list. He is just the greatest mathematician who ever lived! Afterall he's the founder of the most important branch of mathematics-"calculus". So please! Vote for him.

Surely Sir Isaac newton is the best of best mathematician who ever lived. He is a god of Maths and Science and should be on number 1 spot

He is one of the greatest mathematicians. Even though I'm not good at math I know he is. He should be in the place where he is 9TH so plss vote for him

5 Euclid

Man euclid is best he must be in top 5

The father of geometry.

The God of geometry

Father of Geometry

6 Archimedes Archimedes of Syracuse was an Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.

I believe Archimedes should go to the top 3 he invented buoyancy and the principle of the lever. the principle of the lever is the first principle ever to be introduced. He also made the spiral pump, which is still used today. If it weren't for him there would be no science of today.

Archimedes used calculus 1000 years before newton "invented" it. And He fund pi. And just look up the antikythera mekanism While som do not beleave he invented it It. It comes from syrakus, it comes from his time, he is the only one Who could invent it and teksts claim he build such a Thing.

Without him and the ancient Greek mathematicians and physicists we will still live in caves and eat bananas like monkeys.

If only that soldier hadn't killed him

7 Aryabhatta

His works suggest that he was a man who possessed superhuman brains. He was more than a millennium ahead of the west. He knew about gravity, different properties of the solar system, size of the earth, trigonometry, value of pi, length of an year accurate to four places after decimal, eclipses, properties and nature of the mystic no zero, etc. He also used another different approach to integral calculus in order to calculate different areas.

He is the God of Mathematics (Algebra, Calculus, Geometry, Trigonometry, Zero, Astronomy, Cube roots of numbers, Calculated value of PI and etc).

Real father of calculus is Aryabhat but most of the people don't know this. When british colonized India 'Isaac Newton' was learning Sanskrit in India and he theft calculus book from kerala, returned to Europe and patented this.

Calculus in Sanskrit was written around 4800 years ago.

Newton also theft 'Laws of Gravity' from SURYA SIDDHANTA BY SAGE ADI SHANKARA and 'Laws of Motion' from VAISESHIKA SUTRA BY SAGE KANAD.

Isaac Newton stole the Newton-Gauss interpolation formula (to the second order) from the work of Govindaswami 930 AD, of the Kerala school of Mathematics.

One more thing Pythagoras theft this theorem from BODHAYANA SULBA SUTRA.

And these colonizers eradicated Indian history too. They made Akbar a great man while he was a barbarian, colonizers wrote that Rajput princes married with Akbar ...more

He is the best mathematician ever... His works were not converted into books that was the reason why he was not famous as Euler. He invented trigonometry which is most essential field in geometry.. He proved theorem of Pythagoras much before but they were not converted into books therefore we say it Pythagoras theorem..

The first inventor of Zero and pi.. And the first astronomer who said that the earth is round not Copernicus... Europeans stole many concepts of Indians and certain other Eastern countries.. He said that there are 7 satellites of Saturn before 8000 years and now NASA scientists does not had find the 8th one..

8 Bernhard Riemann

The greatest mathematician,in my opinion. He set the foundations of the modern geometry. You wont see anything more than his name when you study topology, complex analysis, differential geometry etc..He is also the originator of the biggest open problem in mathematics,The Riemann Hypotesis, which, after 160 years, hasnt still been proven.

Certainly one of the best there has been.. an outstanding student of Gauss giving us spectacular theorems with a lot to think about like the Riemann Zeta Function

The greatest mathematician ever, given the depth and significance of his ideas which have changed our understandig of the universe.

His Hypothesis is still motivating research today!

9 John Von Neumann John von Neumann was a Hungarian-American pure and applied mathematician, physicist, inventor, computer scientist, and polymath.

A polymath who made vast contributions to a multitude of fields in mathematics. Ergodic theory, stochastic computing, you name it, a nimiety of topics awaiting exploration by the layman were the work of JVN. JVN was asked to write an essay on what mathematics is for the layman, and he formulated an eloquent piece - so his linguistic prowess was in correspondence with his mathematical flair. He described how the empirical straddled the logical, and warned us mere mortals of how we could readily be diverted from our path to the ultimate complexity (simplicity) with convoluted matters. "Nobody knows all of science, not even JVN." - Edward Teller, illustrating how the scope of scientific knowledge was vast and how JVN's prefrontal cortex was addled with a deep thinking regime.

He gave the theoretical architecture of computer, known as Von Neumann architecture and his contributions are far far greater. 11 number is very low rank for him. He wasn't much visible in popular culture that's why he is ranked so low, I suppose.

He contributed so many things even outside of math also in quantum physics, meteorology, machine learning rackets, atomic bomb, this dude was deep... he was really large, the math in Gaus's times wasn't difficult... so Neumann vins)...he deserves to be at least in top 3 ever

He changed every area he ever thought about. He ranks with Archimides and no one else is close to his breadth and depth of thinking.

10 Gottfried W. Leibniz

Amongst his many contributions to a variety of fields, he independently invented Calculus and it is his notation that we learn today in school. His notation was so much more powerful than Newton's that because of their furious dispute, the British refused to adopt it and thus fell behind the rest of Europe in math over the next century. This is why after Newton, you don't hear about any great mathematician from England. The next wave of math geniuses came from France and Germany and other countries in the persons of Laplace, Lagrange, Gauss, Euler, etc, etc.

He independently invented Calculus, but his notation was way better than Newton's. Leibniz's notation is used world wide. He also invented many other things like the binary system and also the first fully functional mechanical and electrical calculator.

The Contenders

11 Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal (19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic theologian. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal's earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions more.
12 Pythagoras Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and the putative founder of the movement called Pythagoreanism.

This is one of the fathers of modern math argumentation system and also the author of the first in the history mathematical theorems.

The grandfather of math none of these mathematicians would be on this list if it weren't for him

Pythagoras thm is very imp this man deserves at least in top ten please vote for him

He was probably the first mathmotition ever

13 David Hilbert

Surely one of the most influential 20th century mathematicians. He turned Göttingen into the most important centre of mathematical activity in the world (until the Nazis dismantled it for political reasons).

He was also a physicist.

Hilbert Space

14 Augustin Cauchy

Well, he should at least he in top 2 for the spectacular maths he did.

I like the way he thinks

15 Ronald Graham
16 Pierre Simon Laplace

I like his name

17 René Decartes

This guy is huge in Physics Mechanics Engineering with Statics and Dynamics. Either at rest calculations to encase with tons of examples or just constantly in motion yet again confines the action beautifully struggling to understand what is going on. Future is these might be done in real time however some background might be needed. With Rene Descartes all this became possible which is good Christianity Christmas. Awesome contributions and dared to where naught been having without and again might have been delays. Those just get the job done and the name attribution to...well it is Rene Descartes.

He bridged the disparate universes of algebra and geometry with his seemingly simplistic, yet ever so intricate Cartesian system. Funny it is not noted as the Descartesian plane.

The cartesian coordinate system was invented by this guy, and he's just so smart overall

18 Albert Einstein Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. His work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science.

WHAT! Are you crazy 70? He is a science genius he worked though geometry algebra and calculus before his uncle understood it. And his uncle was an electrical engineer

The greatest mathematician and physicist ever. He must be in the top ten in this list.

He's a psycho and really smart awesome

Why is albert on this list?

19 Alan Turing Alan Mathison Turing was a pioneering English computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst and theoretical biologist.

Inventor of the turing machine. The first theoretcal computer. Inventor of the turing test for ai. Cracked the enigma machine during WWII.

Should be higher on the list.

20 Pierre De Fermat

Remember how he made other mathematicians suffer after he died.

Hie is funi gui. and good friend to mi mother

21 Muhammad Al-Khowarizmi

Please put him on the top because he really deserves it. How the founder of algebra can situate here. Even you should replace him with Eyler as without first the second wouldn't even conceive of something new...

That is horrible that you guys even don't know how write the name of algebra's father. We all use algebra on a daily basis, he must in higher on the list. His name is "Muhammad Al-KHORAZMI" and that scientist researched all things much earlier than others

Because, algebra is most important in science and modern mathamatics.

Best Iranian and global mathematicians

22 Henri Poincaré

Differential equations and dynamical systems are in the base of modern math applications and technical progress. Poicare is undoubtedly one of the most prominent scientists who made this branch of math what it currently is. He deserves standing in one line with Newton, so I give him my vote.

In my humble opinion, he was last greatest matematician of 19th century

The last true master of ALL of mathematics!

One of the Last géreraliste.

23 Georg Cantor

Cantor should be much higher than 14th, he invented set theory and revolutionized the concept of infinity.

"Aus dem Paradies, das Cantor uns geschaffen, soll uns niemand vertreiben können." – David Hilbert

24 Fibonacci

An Italian Mathematician, he wrote a number of Important Texts which played an important role in reviving Ancient Mathematical Skills, and he made significant contributions of His own.

25 Joshep Louis Lagrange
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