Best Classical Era Persian Poets

List of the greatest and most famous Persian poets in classical literature era, Between 850 AD (after two centuries of silence after Arab conquest of Iran (Persia) and rising of first great Persian poet, Rudaki) to 1500 (death of last famous Persian poet, Jami, and founding of Safavid dynasty). Also there is gap after this age until rising of Nima, first great contemporary Persian poet in 1900 and then his followers.

The Top Ten Best Classical Era Persian Poets

1 Mowlavi (Rumi) (1207-1273 AD)

He is not a good poet! He is the greatest poet in all over the world.

Rumi sahab not only in Persia but also in India is regarded one of the best poet of his era.

The great mathnavi writter ever...

Mawlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī / Rumi
His poems have been widely translated into many of the world's languages and transposed into various formats. He has been described as the "most popular poet in America" and the "best selling poet in the US".
His Mathnawi remains one of the purest literary glories of Persia, and one of the crowning glories of the Persian language.

2 Ferdowsi (940-1020 AD)

Ferdowsi we are alive because of your efforts. without ferdowsi farsi will be destroyed. By 6000 verse you gave new heart to Iranian culture and society

Over 60,000 verses...he was awesome and loved his language and nationality and wanted to revive it.

Hakim Abu ʾl-Qasim Ferdowsi Tusi
Poet and the author of the epic of Shahnameh - the Persian "Book of Kings" - which is the world's longest epic poetry created by a single poet, and the national epic of Greater Iran and the Persian speaking world.

3 Hafez (1325-1389 AD)


Fall in love before the world comes to end.

Hafez is the masterpiece of Persian literature.He is a big honour for Iranian people.We are going to support him and his poem.I hope the best dreams for hafez's spirit. the star of Persian literature

Khwāja Shams-ud-Dīn Muhammad Hāfez-e Shīrāzī
As a Persian poet who "laud the joys of love and wine but also targeted religious hypocrisy". His collected works are regarded as a pinnacle of Persian literature and are to be found in the homes of most people in Iran, who learn his poems by heart and use them as proverbs and sayings to this day.

4 Khayyám (1048-1131 AD)

Ghiyāth ad-Dīn Abu'l-Fatḥ ʿUmar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Khayyām Nīshāpūrī / Omar Khayyám
Khayyám, was a sufi mystic, Persian polymath, philosopher, mathematician, astronomer and poet. He also wrote treatises on mechanics, geography, mineralogy, music, and Islamic theology. Outside Iran and Persian speaking countries, Khayyám has had an impact on literature and societies through the translation of his works and popularization by other scholars.

5 Saadi (1210-1291 AD)

Abū-Muhammad Muslih al-Dīn bin Abdallāh Shīrāzī, Saadi Shirazi
He is not only famous in Persian-speaking countries, but has been quoted in western sources as well. He is recognized for the quality of his writings and for the depth of his social and moral thoughts. Saadi is widely recognized as one of the greatest poets of the classical literary tradition.

6 Nizami (1141-1209 AD)
7 Attar (1145-1220 AD)
8 Rudaki (858-941 AD)

Abu Abdollah Jafar ibn Mohammad Rudaki
He is regarded as the first great literary genius of the Modern Persian, who composed poems in the "New Persian" alphabet. Rudaki is considered as a founder of Persian classical literature. His poetry contains many of the oldest genres of Persian poetry including the quatrain. Only a small percentage of his extensive poetry has survived.

He was the first ever poet

9 Amir Khusrow (1253-1325 AD)
10 Khaqani (1121-1190 AD)

Afzaladdin Badil (Ibrahim) ibn Ali Nadjar / Khaqani Shirvani
A Master of the language, a poet possessing both intellect and heart, who fled from the outer world to the inner world, a personality who did not conform to type - all this places him in the front ranks of Persian literature.

The Contenders

11 Sanai (1080-1141 AD)

He is my all time best poet and my inspiration

He wrote an enormous quantity of mystical verse, of which The Walled Garden of Truth or The Hadiqat al Haqiqa is his master work and the first Persian mystical epic of Sufism.
Mowlavi (Rumi) acknowledged Sanai and Attar as his two primary inspirations, saying, "Attar is the soul and Sanai its two eyes, I came after Sanai and Attar." The Walled Garden of Truth was also a model for Nizami's Makhzan al-Asrar (Treasury of Secrets).

12 Jami (1414-1492 AD)
13 Nasir Khusraw (1004-1088 AD)
14 Anvari (1126–1189 AD)
15 Farrukhi Sistani (961-1037 AD)
16 Unsuri (963-1039 AD)
17 Baba Tahir (1024-1093)
18 Manuchehri (965-1040 AD)
19 Fakhr-al-Din Iraqi (1213-1289 AD)
20 Khwaju Kermani (1280-1352 AD)
21 Ghalib (1797-1869 AD)

Just because people could not understand his complex thought and poetry, does not mean he is not the best. Ghalib is perhaps best poet of urdu and persian. His urdu poetry (which he held inferior to his own persian poetry) was hardly understood by people of India, let alone his persian poetry. His persian poetry hardly reached outside India, and got lost in a non persian speaking country. The only other persian poet that came close to Ghalib was Bidel, another relatively unknown persian poet. The problem is, Ghalib held such a high thought process that it was far beyond the grasp of common man's intelect, and even scholars struggled to understand him. And its not only about the thought process, its also about how he blended them beautifully in the poetic form. Present his Persian poetry to the best persian scholars of the world today, and see how many can fully understand him.

BAdd New Item