Best Classical Era Persian Poets

List of the greatest and most famous Persian poets in classical literature era, Between 850 AD (after two centuries of silence after Arab conquest of Iran (Persia) and rising of first great Persian poet, Rudaki) to 1500 (death of last famous Persian poet, Jami, and founding of Safavid dynasty). Also there is gap after this age until rising of Nima, first great contemporary Persian poet in 1900 and then his followers.
The Top Ten
1 Ferdowsi (940-1020 AD)

Ferdowsi we are alive because of your efforts. without ferdowsi farsi will be destroyed. By 6000 verse you gave new heart to Iranian culture and society

Hakim Abu ʾl-Qasim Ferdowsi Tusi
Poet and the author of the epic of Shahnameh - the Persian "Book of Kings" - which is the world's longest epic poetry created by a single poet, and the national epic of Greater Iran and the Persian speaking world.

Over 60,000 verses...he was awesome and loved his language and nationality and wanted to revive it.

Great list to explore and find new poets if you're interested in Persian poetry. Saving it in favs. 👌

2 Mowlavi (Rumi) (1207-1273 AD)

Rumi sahab not only in Persia but also in India is regarded one of the best poet of his era.

He is not a good poet! He is the greatest poet in all over the world.

The great mathnavi writter ever...

Mawlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī / Rumi
His poems have been widely translated into many of the world's languages and transposed into various formats. He has been described as the "most popular poet in America" and the "best selling poet in the US".
His Mathnawi remains one of the purest literary glories of Persia, and one of the crowning glories of the Persian language.

3 Hafez (1325-1389 AD)

Fall in love before the world comes to end.

Hafez is the greatest ghazal poet and mystic of all times. His ghazals change you forever.

Hafez is the masterpiece of Persian literature.He is a big honour for Iranian people.We are going to support him and his poem.I hope the best dreams for hafez's spirit. the star of Persian literature


4 Saadi (1210-1291 AD)

Abū-Muhammad Muslih al-Dīn bin Abdallāh Shīrāzī, Saadi Shirazi
He is not only famous in Persian-speaking countries, but has been quoted in western sources as well. He is recognized for the quality of his writings and for the depth of his social and moral thoughts. Saadi is widely recognized as one of the greatest poets of the classical literary tradition.

5 Khayyám (1048-1131 AD)
6 Nizami (1141-1209 AD)
7 Attar (1145-1220 AD)
8 Rudaki (858-941 AD)

Abu Abdollah Jafar ibn Mohammad Rudaki
He is regarded as the first great literary genius of the Modern Persian, who composed poems in the "New Persian" alphabet. Rudaki is considered as a founder of Persian classical literature. His poetry contains many of the oldest genres of Persian poetry including the quatrain. Only a small percentage of his extensive poetry has survived.

He was the first ever poet

9 Khaqani (1121-1190 AD)

Afzaladdin Badil (Ibrahim) ibn Ali Nadjar / Khaqani Shirvani
A Master of the language, a poet possessing both intellect and heart, who fled from the outer world to the inner world, a personality who did not conform to type - all this places him in the front ranks of Persian literature.

10 Sanai (1080-1141 AD)

He wrote an enormous quantity of mystical verse, of which The Walled Garden of Truth or The Hadiqat al Haqiqa is his master work and the first Persian mystical epic of Sufism.
Mowlavi (Rumi) acknowledged Sanai and Attar as his two primary inspirations, saying, "Attar is the soul and Sanai its two eyes, I came after Sanai and Attar." The Walled Garden of Truth was also a model for Nizami's Makhzan al-Asrar (Treasury of Secrets).

He is my all time best poet and my inspiration

The Contenders
11 Jami (1414-1492 AD)
12 Anvari (1126–1189 AD)

Awhad ad-Din 'Ali ibn Mohammad Khavarani, Anvarī was born in Abivard, Turkistan [now in Turkmenistan] and died in Balkh, Khorāsān [now in Afghanistan]. He studied science and literature at the collegiate institute in Toon (now Ferdows, Iran), becoming a famous astronomer as well as a poet.

Anvari's poems were collected in a Deewan, and contains panegyrics, eulogies, satire, and others. His elegy "Tears of Khorasan", translated into English in 1789, is considered to be one of the most beautiful poems in Persian literature. The Cambridge History of Iran calls Anvari "one of the greatest figures in Persian literature". Despite their beauty, his poems often required much help with interpretation, as they were often complex and difficult to understand.

13 Baba Tahir (1024-1093)

Baba Taher Oryan Hamadani was an 11th-century Persian dervish poet from Hamadan, Iran who lived during the reign of Tugril of the Seljuk dynasty over Iran. This is almost all that is known of him as he lived a mysterious lifestyle. Although prefix "Baba" (roughly meaning 'The Wise' or 'The Respected') has been thought as part of his name in all known sources, his nickname "Oryan"( meaning 'The Naked' ) did not appear until about 17th-century. According to The Cambridge History of Iran, Baba Tahir spoke a certain Persian dialect.

14 Amir Khusrow (1253-1325 AD)
15 Nasir Khusraw (1004-1088 AD)

Abu Mo’in Hamid ad-Din Nasir ibn Khusraw al-Qubadiani or Nāsir Khusraw Qubādiyānī Balkhi was a Persian poet, philosopher, Isma'ili scholar, traveler and one of the greatest writers in Persian literature. He was born in Qabodiyon, a village in Bactria in the ancient Greater Iranian province of Khorasan, now in modern Tajikistan and died in Yamagan, now Afghanistan.

He is considered one of the great poets and writers in Persian literature. The Safarnama, an account of his travels, is his most famous work and remains required reading in Iran even today

16 Unsuri (963-1039 AD)

Abul Qasim Hasan Unsuri Balkhi was a 10-11th century Persian poet. ‘Unṣyourī is said to have been born in Balkh, today located in Afghanistan, and he eventually became a poet of the royal court of Mahmud of Ghazni, and was given the title Malik-us Shu'ara (King of Poets) under Sultan Maḥmūd of Ghazna. His Divan is said to have contained 30,000 distichs, of which only 2500 remain today.

17 Daqiqi (935-977 AD)

Abu Mansur Daqiqi, better simply known as Daqiqi, was one of the most prominent Persian poets of the Samanid era. He was the first to undertake the creation of the national epic of Iran, the Shahnameh, but came to an abrupt end in 977 after only completing 1,000 verses. His work was continued by his contemporary Ferdowsi, who would later become celebrated as the most influential figure in Persian literature.
Daqiqi began his career at the court of the Muhtajid ruler Abu'l Muzaffar ibn Muhammad in Chaghaniyan, and was later invited to the Samanid court by the Samanid ruler (amir) Mansur I. Under the Samanids, ancient Iranian legends and heroic traditions were taken in special interest, thus inspiring Daqiqi to write the Shahnameh ("The Book of Kings"), a long epic poem based on the history of the Iranians.

18 Farrukhi Sistani (961-1037 AD)
19 Manuchehri (965-1040 AD)

Abu Najm Ahmad ibn Qaus ibn Ahmad Manuchehri, Manuchehri Damghani, was an 11th-century court poet in Persia and Afghanistan.

He is said to have invented the form of musammat (stanzaic poems) in Persian poetry and to have written the best examples of this form. He traveled to Tabarestan and was admitted to the court of King Manuchihr of the Ziyarid dynasty. It is from here that he acquired his pen-name. He later was a royal poet in the court of Sultan Shihab ud-Dawlah Mas'ud I of Ghazni (or Ghazna), son of Mahmud of Ghazna.

He left behind a divan, a collection of his shorter poems. His works were extensively studied and translated into French by Albert Kazimirski de Biberstein in 1886.

20 Fakhr-al-Din Iraqi (1213-1289 AD)
21 Khwaju Kermani (1280-1352 AD)
22 Awhadi Maraghai (1271-1338 AD)

Awhaduddin Awhadi Maraghei was a Persian poet from the city Maragheh in Iran.
Awhadi has a divan of 8000 verses which consists of the Persian poetic forms qasidas, ghazals, tarji'bands and quatrains. The qasidas are in praise of Abu Said and his Vizir, Ghiyath al-Din, the son of Rashid al-Din Fazlah. His other poems play on various themes including mysticism, ethics, and religious subjects. He also is known for his marsiyas. Awhad Maraghai has three ghazals in the old dialect of Isfahan (Fahlavi), arranged under the title of "in the language of Isfahan"

23 Fakhruddin As'ad Gurgani (998-1054 AD)

Fakhruddin As'ad Gurgani was an 11th-century Persian poet. He versified the story of Vis and Rāmin, a story from the Arsacid (Parthian) period.
The Vis and Ramin story had a noticeable influence on Persian literature. Significantly, Nezami, himself a major poet of Persian romantic traditions, took the bases of much of his rhetoric from Gorgani. The romance also has had its influence beyond Persian culture. The story became very popular also in Georgia through a 12th-century free translation in prose known as Visramiani, which had a long-lasting effect on the Georgian literature. Some scholars have suggested that Vis and Ramin may have influenced the Tristan and Iseult legend, and the two plots have distinct resemblances.

24 Ubayd Zakani (1300-1337 AD)

Nizam al-Din Ubaydullah Zakani, or simply Ubayd-I Zakani, was a Persian poet and satirist of the 14th century from the city of Qazvin, Persia. He studied in Shiraz under the best masters of his day, but eventually moved back to his native town. He however preferred Shiraz to Qazvin, as he was a court poet in Shiraz for Shah Abu Ishaq, where a young Hafez was present as well.
His work is noted for its satire and obscene verses, often political or bawdy, and often cited in debates involving homosexual practices. He wrote the Resaleh-ye Delgosha, as well as Akhlaq al-Ashraf ("Ethics of the Aristocracy") and the famous humorous fable Masnavi Mush-O-Gorbeh (Mouse and Cat), which was a political satire. His non-satirical serious classical verses have also been regarded as very well written, in league with the other great works of Persian literature. He is one of the most remarkable poets, satirists and social critics of Iran, whose works have not received proper attention in the past. ...more

25 Asadi Tusi (999-1072 AD)
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