Top 10 Countries with the Rudest People
Not everyone there is rude, but you're bound to encounter a rude American whenever you go. So many Americans have such an intense patriotism that they hate anyone from another country and they often have an intense superiority complex. Not only that, but so many of them are social climbers who will try to find out how much money you have before even talking to you. Worst culture in the world
Totally absurd. I've travelled and lived in a number of countries. When you're strictly talking about people and character here (not politics or power) American's, in general, are some of the most helpful, friendly, kind, creative, open, tolerant, honest, and fun people on earth. Every possible race, color, nation, religion, orientation, and creed can be found in even smaller cities, in the middle of nowhere, in the US. It's the melting pot of the world and it's diversity is unmatched anywhere Are there rude Americans? Of course. It's not perfect. But there is no way it's objectively one of the 'rudest' countries on earth.
I was raised in California inland and demoralizing is seen as normal from the beginning. You can tell from all there abuse in my writing. Think of the melting pot but just of the abusive people of the world. The education system forces "personal responsibility on unknowing children" mainly to dazzle the student body so rich and wealthy can walk out with an education, where the confused can suffer. The religious institutions are just as abusive. They will promise wholesomeness and it's a lie, most are ran by psychologist for free labor and other disgusting crimes. Being "bad" is seen as "cool". All these people have The land of World Star Hip Hop is the rudest place in the world. Why do they do this? because when there is a large neglected population there are large groups of rich and wealthy. Mexico is just as awful, they intend to make everyone poor by the pope demand.
Absolutely ridiculous. I've lived in four countries, including the US, and travelled the better part of the world for decades. Outside of NYC, there is no way any reasonable, non-biased, well travelled person thinks Americans are even in the top TWENTY of any 'rude' list. Forget about politics or agendas, the people in the US are, in large part, extremely open, helpful, welcoming, kind, fun, and honest. It's the melting pot of the world with diversity - even in smaller cities - that is unmatched anywhere on the planet. It's not perfect, not at all, but there is no way in hell Americans are among the rudest people in the world.
I lived there for years. I've traveled most of the world and lived in four countries (including the hilariously #1 on this list - a straight hater vote). Without question Polish people are some of the most base, tactless, ignorant, arrogant, deluded, shallow, racist, anti-semitic, lying, thieving, backstabbing, complex-riddled, and you got it, RUDE people on planet earth. Making it worse, they actually think they're wonderful, as many of them are also the least Christian, 'Christians' you'll ever meet. This is only funny the first ten times they tell you how lovely they all are (and start criticizing your country as many are also 'global/cultural' experts). They are on these kinds of lists for a reason. Yes, there are some exceptions, but every cool and thoughtful Pole I knew there hated it and was either planning an escape or was trapped there because of family.
An appropriate ranking. Comments only a Pole could write; 'Poland is perhaps the greatest country to have ever existed' and actually be serious (others writing it might die from a laughing attack). Indeed, everyone aside from the 'high IQ', kind, polite, brave, thoughtful, caring, and oh-so-very-honest and cultured Pole, is wrong. Every country on earth - especially in Europe- could list off historical figures/events to brag about (how long would France or Italy's list be? ), but naturally, the 'humble' Pole takes their meager historical contributions and places themselves in the epicenter of global science and culture. Of course this arrogance is just one of the (many) reasons people will continue to find them to be clueless, backwards, bores.
There are good and bad people everywhere you go.
Poland is not an exception as well as all the other nationalities I have met so far.
If you are one of those who would prefer to surround him/herself by fake characters telling you what you would like to hear by my guest.
Poles I know are of a different kind.
while all western countries lived in reasonable harmony and had been developing their economic growth, Poland was squished between two "I want it all"countries Russia and Germany. They fight never flight for survival.
They attitude and characters are shaped by hard life.
Respect them and you got a friend for good and bad. They would give you the last shirt and the last slice of bread.
most of the comments here are simple trolling.
Partly true...because many Polish are kind, warm, welcoming people, really BEST of the Slavic race. Many are hope for the new Europe, but...avoid uneducated, rough, direct, too proud or just plain stupid ones, who rarely stick their noses outside their Country.
They are also VERY brave, sometimes naive...
The truth is, you get more natural people in Eastern Europe :
when they like you or not, you'll feel it soon...
And they are - still - much less hypocrytical then most soulless West Euro states haha.
So they are brilliant and terrible people over there.
Depends on your karma, which ones you meet and when it goes.
I visited Manchester city and I regretted every penny and minute I spent over there.
Starting from the airport, immigration officers were super trashy racist and morons by all measures. They treat visitors like they are coming to seek food or mercy from them. The guy selling train ticket was no better than the idiots officers. Another one too started screaming on me when I asked for the way out.
As someone coming from a different country, roads are different, so driving was different. Every time I tried to cross the road mistakenly, the drivers used the horn for long time cursing me and showing me the finger as well
( both, males and females). No sign of tolerance at all.
Yea, the weather was always dark and rainy but that's nature and you can't change.
Nobody was smiling or welcoming at all with so few exceptions of course.
Cops were so mean and you can realize that from their sharp stares. Only 2 were friendly and helpful when I asked for direction.
I truly felt ...more
Like many other countries, the UK definitely has some problems, but I have always found them to be very friendly and personable. However, they do need to address their tendency to be ridiculously strict with their 'rules' and relax their pants on some issues. Recently, at a run-of-the-mill highstreet cafe in York, England, a waitress came to my table and admonished me for sharing half of my sandwich with my husband. Apparently if my husband wanted a sandwich, he should have ordered one for himself, sharing is not allowed (what). She ignored the fact that he had already eaten his full meal. Seriously though...correcting adult customers? Let it go, you're not SuperNannyNation. Apart from that, they're usually warm and friendly.
The worst country in Europe, which is full of low-life chavs in this dump island aren't making things better. It's a great thing that Asians e.g. Chinese, Koreans, Japanese etc. are beating the hell out of these chavvy morons as they assault the public for no reason whatsoever. Extremely racist as well as rude, women especially (not being sexist). Can't blame the Brit idiots for being rude as the frequent rain may have depressed these cheap pinheads. Now I can see why a LOT of Brits are being bullied severely in Asian countries like Hong Kong and kicked out (come to Asia to live there, because your country is trash? Well, you Brits aren't welcome AT ALL). Only the high-class Brits are decent.
UK in the past: Stupid African nations, your resources are all MINE, HAHAAHAH! We will make you slaves so you suffer.
UK now: Oh, look at those African nations struggling, let's spend our entire GDP on trying to force their lifestyles to be like ours. Let's destroy all of their diseases so they overpopulate! Oh no, the stupid African nations are overpopulating, let's introduce birth control. Oh no, they're starving now, let's shove food down their throat so they don't. Oh no, we wasted all of our money trying to help these countries that I ruined, guess I'll leave the EU.
The UK was once pretty rude, thinking that they were stronger and superior to other countries as an excuse for colonizing them, even driving Native Americans to near extinction, yet they have gotten better. Sure, they still haven't gotten over the fact that nations should be able to govern their country the way they want, but at least they're trying to help.
Everybody knows that French rudeness is just a stereotype. Most of the time it's just a misunderstanding due to cultural difference (hey you are in an other country, people don't think like you, when you travel you must to be open minded). Sometimes is just a reaction of French people when you are rude to them without knowing it.
I think it's overrated because there is so much tourists, especially in Paris : Parisians are hurry because they go to work and every stranger stop them to ask a question or block the passage. It's the same problem in every big city.
It's mathematic : lots of tourists means more upset tourists than in other countries.
Once I go to Venice, there are tourist traps everywhere, restaurants are expensive and the food is awful. In Great Britain there was a sign "no dogs, no French" in front of a shop, there is no such things in France against any country.
But it's ok I think this stereotype mostly encouraged by French bashing. I don't know where that ...more
French people have always been rude and mean and elitist they think France is above all nations and no nation is better than them. They look down on usa and other European nations like we suck and they hate Muslims and other immigrants a lot making them live in poverty.
France at the top of another 'most rude' list? Personally, I don't get it, I have always found the French (including the Parisians) to be reasonably friendly. Perhaps it's because they don't fawn over foreigners? They don't do the whole 'Have a nice day y'all'...which is perfectly okay.
Personally, I can't understand how Italy keeps avoiding the number 1 spot on these lists. At times, they can be the absolute epitome of ignorance.
I learned a bit of French before I came here, just enough to get around and ask questions. The locals would literally get frustrated and catch an attitude if I couldn't hold a conversation or knew some of the words they used. Basically if you're not fluent in French or traveling with someone who speaks French and your native language, don't visit. It'll be so difficult to communicate with people.
Some territory was lost after World War 1 and a lot more after World War 2, basically started by Hitler's Nazi dictatorship. Then the Soviets kept their zone - the 'DDR', East Germany, separate with a wall through the middle of Berlin, until 1990 when the country was reunited. ...read more.
By far the rudest country people will just straight up call you Outlander and ignore you even if your asking something serious like where the hospital is(mostly if your not white) and people have even spit on me before. Bavarians in the south are actually really nice though so sorry bavarians but your northern countrymen brought you to number 1
I grew up in Germany as a kid, and I hated it. I went to a candy shop once, and I was missing 3 cents and the German man who worked there didn't let me have my candy. I WAS EIGHT YEARS OLD. I didn't speak German, I only spoke English so everyone knew I was American. This obese German kid told me I was a "fat American" and punched me in the face. He obviously weighed about 70 more pounds than me though. At a playground, I was in line for the slide and an older German kid pushed me out of the way when it was my turn. He flipped me off on his way down. I hated going outside to play because of these adults and children. My mom asked me why I stayed home all the time and I used to cry and tell her about how much I missed America and wanted to go home.
Cons: Rigid, arrogant, not very good taste in clothing, cold, grumpy and often not as efficient as the theory says (that's for the Swiss instead). Oh, and arrogant for no reason (they are not the most good looking or the brightest people in the world, are they? ).
Pros: the new generations become more and more open to the English speaking people then the older ones, the latter of whom not being able to speak any other language.
There is a strong underlying distrust for other people in Germany. At first it may seem like simply a general lack of interest of others but stay here long enough and you will see that simple things such as: standing in queues, accepting food at restaurants, and otherwise requesting service, requires you to be outwardly aggressive t others just to be recognized. Strange for such a developed civilization!
I've spent since 1996 trying to understand Chinese. Lived around then dealt with tgem in Buisness. I've found them two faced back stabbing and sneaky. They would walk over the top of your child if they fell. They renig on deals and have little concern for life. Its sad as I've tried to make excuses for years for them but lately a Chinese association and its employees not only triwd to screw me over but failed. Very untidy outlook to sincerity. Would stab you in back at tge blink if an eye. Its sad. But over the last 20 years I've fpund the Chinese to bw nothing more than cruel opportunists with no regret or honourable intentions.
When I was little, me and my family would always go to this restaurant after taking the train. Whenever I had a sad look on my face, the waiters would cheer me up. Once, when the waiter served the food, he tapped my shoulder behind me and smiled while doing a silly face.
They would do anything to ensure their happiness of their costumers. I was very fortunate to not meet anyone rude, like what some comments say...
Everything about the country and the people are rude. From the airport to the hotel to the restaurants to the sidewalks. People routinely cut in front of you in line. They spit in front of you, use the sidewalk as a bathroom, and will not move out of your way while walking. Add in the constant loud talking whether on the phone or otherwise, and they are by far the rudest people on the planet.
I'm not Korean but their attitude just shows it at the recent completed pyeongchang winter olympics just proves it! Bunch of pathetic Chinese acting so uncivilized. With their horrible attitude at these past winter games in PyeongChang, I'm boycotting Beijing winter olympics.
These crazy, fat and ugly lechers are racist towards everyone but russi and china, yet Kim eats food from all over the world and went to school in Switzerland.
This is needed to be the most rudest country EVER! If the "civilians" are rude, they have ar reason to.
There is Many Nice People in North Korea. Just because The Leader is Bad Doesn't mean that Everyone Living There is Bad.
North Korea is the rudest, most ani semetic (and I should know I'm Jewish), racist country ever.
I am Bulgarian, have traveled to many countries in Europe, have lived in 2 other west European countries . And lemme tell you, nowhere have I been treated as RUDELY as in my precious home Bulgaria. Not even by xenophobic people in other countries who knew I was non-native. Whatever anyone has told me abroad is NOTHING compares to what some Bulgarians have said or done.God forbid you have to go to the hospital, dentist, police, tax , post office or somewhere to get something done in Bulgaria.
Bulgarians might suck it up to foreigners.Bulgarians might suck it up to higher ups or other Bulgarians with money who give them gifts or bribes. Bulgarians might even suck it up to pretty hot guys or girls .
But things get fun if you are none of those things and can't 'gift' your way trough something.Whenever another Bulgarian or person tries to disapprove claims Bulgarians are rude he is most likely one of the above - foreign, rich , influential/person of someone or extremely good looking. ...more
I'm starting to see a pattern here-the people commenting here aren't actually commenting on how rude the locals are to tourists, but are really just venting about the country's attitude towards immigration which is why countries such as Poland, UK and America are around the top.
So I have a message to all the Africans, pakistanies and butthurt Muslims-not even country in the world is entitled to treat you like a snowflake and let migrants from your area and so called "refugees" walk freely into our countries
Not better than Italy, same kind of behavior towards foreigners and outside world.
I have a lot of international coworkers from around the world and bulgarians are definitely the rudest bunch.
Don't come to this hell, please. You will regret it.
The flight attendants are kind, but the people living there? Nuh-uh.
Language is trash
One of my relatives one said that they decided not to go to Qatar due to rudeness
Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2. With almost 62 million inhabitants, it is the 3rd most populous EU member state. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and Vatican City. The Capital and largest city is Rome. Other major cities are Milano, Naples, Turino, Venice, Florence. Italy's official language is Italian.
The contribution of Italy to Western civilization is immense. Italy is the cradle of Etruscan civilization, the Roman Empire, the Holy See, the Maritime Republics, the Humanism and Renaissance. Along with Germany and France, it was part of the Holy Roman Empire (25 December 800 - 6 August 1806).
Existing as a unitary State since the Risorgimento (renaissance or resurrection) in 17 March 1861, Italy is a republic since the abolition of the Italian monarchy by referendu, in 1946. ...read more.
I'm Italian and don't listen to these idiots, Italians are not arrogant, they just have pride and confidence in themselves. When it comes to rudeness, it depends at the location. The south is full of short tempered and egotistic people, but the north is the complete opposite. Italians are not nasty and not demoralizing and they do not think they are best at everything, what the hell are these lunatics talking about. They're certainly not deranged, some people just need to explore and educate themselves more because most of these comments are completely false.
I met some rude police officers at passport control of Malpensa airport. One was very irritated and screaming at the foreigners to move fast. Very short temperd. I also had one who laughed at me when I submitted the document for consent of travel with small child. He looked young and less experienced so that he seemed like the face of having never seen those documents. I told him that I don't have time to cut it out, then he pointed his label of POLIZIA on his chest. What a Power harrasser!
He is the rudest and the most arrogant person that I have ever met.
I always see many of those who are "male educati" - especially men- in this country.
Actually, it depends on the area but they're all rude in their own way here. In the north they're more homophobic than most of the Russian rightists. In the northeast, they just hate you for no apparent reason. In Lombardy they're just plain annoying, the only acceptation is Sicily but populated only by pure rednecks. No one is able to say 2 correct English words, any store is closed most of the time and are quite empty, only Italian products. But outside Italy it's quite acceptable.
12th? Italians are the rudest of them all. Dumb, stupid, with inferiority complex. Almost anybody is a moron but they think they are the best. Never seen such deranged people in my life. They are some of the poorest people in Europe, their economy sucks and will be barely above the poverty threshold in 10 years but still they think they are superior. Literally a joke of a country with the dumbest people I've ever seen.
Probably the most bipolar nation there is, always felt like I was treading on egg shells when in a restaurant in case any waiter or waitress snapped at me. Happened more than once, one time was because I asked to add a bottle of water to a meal, another time was that my friend ordered salmon, and instead of asking for two I asked for salmon also. Also never try to split a bill if you're out, it may be the last thing you do. Never witnessed so much dramatic people in my life.
I'm Russian. And Russians are indeed rude. But when, in my presence, somebody talks about how rude the Russians are, I always say: That's because you have not been to Hungary. True champions. Everybody else is vying for second place and lower.
Equal opportunity haters: Americans, Russians, Austrians, Blacks, Muslims, Jews - everybody intensely hated.
Nasty, wining stock.
Would be number one on this list if it wasn't for the fact the other countries get more visitors and therefore more votes.
the absolute worst people I have ever met, maybe 10% of them are nice and decent people but the majority are unbelievably bad.
The Hungarian people seem to be angry towards literally every other nation in Europe (except Poland). No idea why this nationalism comes from, but I'm not planning to visit Hungary ever again.
Can't speak for the country, but without exception, every man I have met from this countrybor culture is abrupt, ruse and ahoet-tempered.
Mean rude if needed
Poor, lazy, and uncivilized drug addicts just like the rest of Latin America.
Argentinians are not rude they're very nice and intelligent someone remove it from the list.
They are kinder people than the people in Spain.
Too rude to my body
Russians are not rude people, Tourists who go to saint petersburg they know the truth, but in Moscow yes it's kind tough! in Moscow live around 8 million Russian, but the rest are not Russians! and they come from East Asia, Ukraine and Caucasian countries and they are also very rude to russians.
Russians are very nice people, Just visit other cities where immegrants not located there and you will find the truth.
Mk I get that not all are really bad, but still. This whole list is over stereotypes, which is why America is number one since their stereotype is fat, fastfood-loving, loud, etc. I know this is only a stereotype thing, though, especially since people are only voting this because of only like, ten people were mean.
You have obviously never been to Russia. They are warm, funny, and inviting people. This is disgusting because they are so much more than vodka drunken idiots. In fact, that is just a stereotype!
Gross attitude and a mentality coming from the medieval era. Russia, you may have big balls and great power all over the world, but you really need to grow up. Seriously!
Ranked #140 in the world giving index.
They kicked many people out of shrines for doing nothing.
I am Czech and most Czechs are selfish, ignorant and rude. It a remnant of socialistic culture, where everyone cared only about himself or closest family. Sure, there are many people who are nice and helpful, but every 4 years the selfishness crystalizes in parliamentary elections. Also Czechs like to cheat and have very low morale profile.
Well the Czech people are kind hearted and helpful. Prague is a wonderful capital city and there are lot of tourists from evrywhere around the world. My experience about the Czech republic is very positive, and I have some friends from the Czech repuplic also. I only can recommend this country to everybody!
I'm Czech, I love being helpful and all but no one ever repaid it to me, people here only care about their sake and always seem really annoyed by their jobs. I don't even enjoy going anywhere, especially in the main city.
Got stones thrown at me for speaking german by a guy who was in his mid twenties with his daughter standing next to him laughing. I never go there again.
I have visited Egypt before including Cairo and other villages, they are extremely intolerant to Americans and also as a black man they are very racist. in a village called AL Minya, as a black man, they threw stones at me calling me a black person in Arabic. In Cairo, they stare at you like why you American is in my country.They are extreme nationalists.
Egyptian people are the rudest person I ever met in my entire life. They always think of themselves as high and mighty. They only deceiving people how good they are by praying every time but inside them is rotten heart and spirit.
I came across Egyptians during a work assignment and I'd say they certainly are short tempered and rude relative to any other people I've come across.
Egyptians are the most rudest, impolite & loud people I ever saw. They don't have respect for any one what so ever.
I have only spoke to a few Nigerian and Kenyan women and men and I am alarmed by the angry tone and the nearly sarcastic and almost dismissive manner and nature of those brief conversations and encounters. When a simple good morning or have a nice day can cause a negative reaction or questionable argument than of course it becomes Offensive because the negative reaction is abnormal behavior, especially in the Southern states of America. It's So Ridiculous and Unnecessary. Sadly, a growing number of southern Americans are developing a understanding of intolerance towards Nigerians and Kenyans because of these interactions.
Majority of Nigerian women are very rude with nasty attitude. They are jealous of naturally beautiful and humble mixed, Asian, Middle Eastern and Eastern European women because Nigerian men who are decent choose them over fake hair goldigging Nigerian women.
Loud, unruly people who have been causing problems in countries like Italy, India and South Africa
It's very rude to scam.
I know a man from Kosovo that lives in North America. He told me he doesn't trust women, or believe them. And he cheats on all of his girlfriends. He has a few of them at a time. And he hates Serbs.
Why isn't this in the top ten. I live in kosovo, and everyone there is so mean, like once I walked around the supermarket and the casheir was so rude to my mom,however the kids at school are nice, I think its just the adults that are mean
I just got back from my trip to the Balkans and most of the people in these countries where super kind but when I went to Kosovo they where worse then the French they think that if you have the money to go there your just there to shove it in there face that you have money!
Much worse than every other country on this list should be in top 10. Drug cartels and lots of people carry guns especially tour guides which in my opinion is scary!
Canada shouldn't be on this list nor Austrailia they are safe and the people there are amazing! Usa and Russia should be 1 and 2 Russia because their people are just begging for money. Usa because they ask where your from and before that they could really care less about you then they ask you where your from and if you say any country that's well known and liked they will be all nice to you and beg for money! I blame TRUMP. But Mexico in 38 should be bumped to 4 or 8, Horribly rude all those spics. All other countries are well rated though except Canada and Austrailia. they are extremely nice!
Gossipy. Vain. Enjoy pecking orders. Vicious. Even those who deny it are casually racist, sexist and homophobic. Very enjoyable people if you know what lines not to cross.
Mexicans are the most rudest people and RACIST! in School has the worst Education Systems bad culture ignorant people out of my entire life! I hope may not survive in a few years.
Sadly some of the most ignorant people in the world. Stating that Mexico is the toilet of the world seems about right
I'm surprised its number 24. In my opinion it should be number 4 or 8. Extremly racist people. Your never welcomed here. I came to Australia since 2006 and I've been called Muslim and people always told me to go back to my country. The number of times I've seen people getting bullied and me getting bullied is mind blowing. Very sad to see a good country be filled with such rude people.
I live here, but people can be rude if you're rude to them. Australia is a very welcome country and I have never met a racist person! But to be honest, this is pretty much the only country that you can call your friend a "cun*" without being rude, but personally, I think that's rude, but other than that, I love this country!
There are obviously Americans dissing Australians here. By the way, I'm not a descendant of "convicts, thugs, thieves, galerians", "habitual criminals" nor anyone similar, nor is most of the population of Australia and, unlike America, there are NO SLAVES in Australia. Look after your own backyard, not that of other countries.
I reject all 4 countries that are the usa, canada, australia and new zealand. White austrians are extremly bad people in general. They are so racist, rude, awful, idiotic, bigots and hypocrites. And there are bad to their indigenous and aboriginal people. These white australiand are really bad.
Totally disagree with your opinion. This the only country where people have care then themselves for others, all foreigners who visited Pakistan, they praised Pakistani and got know the real hospitality. For your information, there os no terrorism by Pakistani people, terrorist are created by other countries for their politics. We care about non muslims while they are in Pakistan or outside Pakistan. we want them get better life here in this universe and after death. Who care else than Muslims are do?
Not all Pakistanis are terrorists. More than 99.99 percent are against terrorism. How can you say that? I do agree they get a little to worked up if you offend them but other than that they are mostly friendly.
Countries that have problems are more friendly for obvious reasons. Problems mean no visitors and if a visitor does come they would be happy.
Pakistanis are not rude, you'll met the odd people here and there in your lifetime as you would with any other nationality. What matters is that Pakistani's are known to be extremely hospitable that's what these people meant be them being extremists. Also how the fork does terrorism link with being rude - just a side statement that Indians (the ones who are best at making these comments) are obsessed with Pakistan. Lol.
I have many friends from Pak, they are nice, respectful and behave very nicely. Our neighbour went to Pakistan in 2016 and they would love travel again there, their thoughts pakistanis give a lott respect to visitors and most of time Restaurants don't charge from them.
My very positive thinking about them
I have positive memories from a journey to Serbia. People were kind, nice and hospitable. I can tell you just good words to Serbia and serbian people. I wish good luck in serbian and international football for Fc Crvena Zvezda.
These people are the rudest and think they are best at everything. I think they have a slight of inferiority complex actually.
In my opinion Serbia is much friendlier than other slavic countries. They were helpful and I haven't heared any bad or racist word as a foregin tourist.
I don't think that Serbian people are rude. Among the slavic people serbs are the kindest!
I've worked here and they are really rude, Pervert and sex maniac. They are praying 5 times a day but after that they will still go back to their animal like attidue. This place is Not safe especially for women.
Ultraconservative Islamic country that treats non-Muslims, esp. Jews andd Christians horribly.
Not the best in soccer... but a pretty good country!
I'm scared of this country.