Top 10 Places in the World with the Most Unusual Climate Patterns

This list refers to cities, towns or villages (regions inhabited by humans) in the world with unusual climate each year.
The Top Ten
1 Oymyakon, Russia
2 Turpan, Xinjiang, China

This small city (according to Chinese standards) with a population of 630,000 in the elevated Gobi Desert has one of the most continental climates in the world. Average temperatures in July range between 28°C and 41°C, while average temperatures in January range from -13°C to -3°C.

3 Dallol, Ethiopia

Dallol features an extreme version of a hot desert climate, typical of the Danakil Desert. Dallol is the hottest place year-round on the planet and currently holds the record for the highest average temperature for an inhabited location on Earth, with an average annual temperature of 34.6 °C (94.3 °F).

The annual average high temperature is 41 °C (105 °F), and the hottest month has an average high of 46.7 °C (116.1 °F). The coolest month, January, also features frequent daily maximum temperatures of 40 °C. In addition to being extremely hot year-round, the climate of the lowlands of the Danakil Depression is also extremely dry and arid, with only a few days recording measurable precipitation annually.

The hot desert climate of Dallol is particularly due to the extremely low elevation, its location inside the tropics and near the hot Red Sea during winters, the very low seasonality impact, the constant extreme heat, and the lack of nighttime cooling.

4 Cherrapunjee, Meghalaya, India

Though this place has comfortable temperatures throughout the year, this region with a population of about 15,000 holds the Guinness World Record for the highest average annual rainfall of about 1200 centimeters. No other place comes close to this number.

5 Pinnacles National Park, California, USA

This place isn't exactly "populated," but it's a tourist spot that attracts many visitors. It has deep caves formed due to tectonic movements and holds the record for the world's most diurnal variation in temperature.

Average temps in January:

Minimum: -3°C
Maximum: 17°C

Average temps in July:

Minimum: 5°C
Maximum: 38°C

It has the highest variation in daily maximum and minimum temperatures, as we can see in the summer months.

6 Leknes, Norway

This place lies above the Arctic Circle (at a latitude of 68.4°) but has a warm climate compared to other regions at the same latitude. Average minimum temperatures in January are 0°C, and due to the influence of warm ocean currents from the south, temperatures rarely go below -1°C even in January when the sun remains below the horizon.

The summers are only slightly cooler, with average highs and lows of 14°C and 10°C in July, respectively. The population in this village is about 3,500.

Most of Northern Norway is very warm for its latitude because the Gulf Stream makes it warmer. Inland Norway is where it's actually cold.

7 Karamay, Xinjiang, China
8 Kuwait City, Kuwait

The capital of Kuwait, with a population of 4.1 million people, is another contender for the title of one of the hottest cities in the world, with average highs over 113°F (45°C) from June to August.

Nightfall brings little respite, with low temperatures often exceeding 90°F (32°C) during the summer months. Kuwait City's record high is 126°F (52°C), while the winters are cool.

9 Timbuktu, Mali

This desert region, with a population of about 35,000, has average highs exceeding 39°C from March to October. Occasionally, even in cooler months like January, it can get as hot as 40°C while the nights remain warm.

It's unusual for this region to be hot throughout the year, as other parts of the Sahara Desert experience only moderate heat in autumn or spring. Timbuktu's proximity to the equator causes it to have year-round sweltering heat.

10 Melbourne, Australia

Though statistically this city with about 4.8 million people has normal-seeming temperatures, Melbourne is well known for its changeable weather conditions. This is mainly due to Melbourne's geographical location.

This temperature differential is most pronounced in the spring and summer months and can cause strong cold fronts to form. These cold fronts can be responsible for all sorts of severe weather, from gales to severe thunderstorms and hail, minor temperature drops, and heavy rain. As a climatologist once said, "Melbourne doesn't have climate, only weather."

The Contenders
11 Chicago, United States Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third-most populous city in the United States. With over 2.7 million residents, it is also the most populous city in both the state of Illinois and the Midwestern United States. Chicago is considered one of the most important business centers in the world... read more
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