Most Powerful Countries In 1914Which powers were the most powerful in 1914, on the onset of WW1? Please only answer if you are knowledgeable in world affairs during this time period.
The British empire had the biggest population of any empire and they had easily the most powerful navy in the world. No country could cross the British channel without Britain letting them.
The British empire was the biggest empire in the world and they were economically benefitting from the colonies too. As a result they had the biggest economy in the world. Also although they had a relatively small army, they had the strongest navy in the world and since the United Kingdom is an island it would be extremely hard to invade them. Their naval superiority is demonstrated when they won the naval arms race against Germany and imposed a naval blockade on Germany which led to extremely short food supplies in Germany.
Britain was in the sole position of having a worldwide dominance of naval transport and a navy no other nation could match. In a position where their position as a island nation allowed them to outproduce all other nations navaly, while still reaping the benefits of their huge colonial and dominion systems.
As for a army the British army was weak, but it was compensated by a massive manpower reserve. With a huge economy backing them, massive available manpower and a total dominance of sea lanes they could fight a war of attrition that few other nations could match.
The British Empire was without a doubt, the backbone of the First World War. The British navy and economy drove the Allies to success. Now many may point to American production, but it was British money and confidence in the Empire that drove Americans to invest in the British Empire. The British Army was smaller than most European armies, but the British Army was the best trained and best armed force in Europe. The British built their army off of technology and discipline. While small, the BEF successfully forced the Germans back at the First Battle of the Marne in 1914 and prevented the fall of France and led Germany to fight a two front war. The British in the meantime supplied Italy and despite some setbacks, forced the Ottoman Empire to collapse after winning a series of battles in the Middle East. The British Navy meanwhile, crippled the German economy by blockading the nation. German tried to break out in 1916, but the Royal Navy successfully (despite taking more losses, the ...more
I think the Germans were the best in WW1 because of their massive industrial capacity (which was 2nd in the world at the time), a great navy that could have went toe to toe with the British, they had the most powerful army in the world it was the best trained, disciplined force, it was also the most advanced army in the world at the time, it was also the 2nd largest in the world which considering that it was the most funded in the world, but however the reason why they lost was because they made too many enemies, and they actually came close to winning if only america didn't join then the KaiserReich universe would have actually come true.
Germany had a superior military on the ground, and they could effectively control trade with their U-boats. They were also extremely advanced culturally and technologically. They were an extremely young country, and yet they still matched if not beat the power of the British. They fought Russia in the East and France and Britain in the West, and for much of the war, pushed them back and held a steady front. It took the might of 5 powerful countries to beat them, and even then they lost many lives in the process.
Germany was landlocked and outgunned by opponents with superior numbers and positions. Yet Germany held on fighting 2 fronts one against the Russian Bear and another against France and Britain. Also the start of war didn't follow their war predictions. And if it wasn't bad enough Germany had allies with superior numbers but inferior tactics, economies, and technology. And yet Germany withstood and became a formidable opponent holding off the Russians, British, and French, while supporting inferior allies with no idea of what type of war they marched into, faced economic and technological challenges all at the same time. The only reason they lost was an influx of US troops. The war in perspective was a miracle for Germany to hold on so long and dispose of so many opponents
In terms of military might, the German Empire was likely the strongest of its time. During the First World War they were outnumbered, outgunned and had fight off enemies on different fronts, yet still managed to put up a very strong fight. The Germans also had to deal with inept allies, who continuously got into trouble, causing the Germans to pull more forces from their own battles in order to help out. While Germany did have what was probably the best land force during the war, the British Empire had a much larger navy, able to keep the main force of German navy, and their international trade, at bay (although the U-boats proved to be a big help in attacking allied trade). It would probably be easy to say that the British and Germans were near to equal, but looking at how the Germans were able to fight off multiple nations at once, and in many cases succeed in their battles against them, I would rank them as the most powerful nation in the First World War (again, from a military ...more
The United States should be rank #4 but following the Spanish American war it made the a colonial power and have the third powerful navy in the world behind Germany and United Kingdom. And the United States was a resource rich country and before they joined Woodrow Wilson increase the army to 140,000 men. And in 1917 - 18 they 12 million soldiers in the American army
It wasn't just 10,000 men. It was 150,000 before WWII. Plus this is 1914 not 1941. World War I not World War II. Plus the army before we entered WWI was around 400,000 before president Woodrow Wilson ordered and increase in to 800,000 and allowed conscription in 1913 due to political tensions rising in Europe between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. And what's all this about us being weak before WWII anyway. Our economy had recovered from the Great Depression and was the best in the world. Our Navy was also the biggest with Great Britain just a little further ahead. Our country is several dozen times bigger than Germany or France even with their empires. We were smaller than the British Empire and the Soviet Union but most of Russia is a barren wasteland and oil around India, the Arabian Peninsula, and Africa hadn't even been discovered yet. Our entry into the war turned the tide in both WWI and WW2.
Hey dummy this list is about 1914 not 1941. World War One not World War Two. Also the United States was pretty powerful before both wars. Before WWI in 1913 President Woodrow Wilson increased army numbers from 400,000 to 800,000 and allowed conscription because of rising tensions between Serbia and Austria-Hungary. Our navy was also pretty strong, ever heard of Theodore Roosevelt and the Great White Fleet. Also our economy had been pretty strong because of president Theodore as well.Get your facts right.
The United States was emerging as a superpower, its economy was growing fast, flocks of immigrants came to the 'Land of Opportunity', seeking land. The United States was the leading economic power of the world, although when taking the empires of the European powers in mind they weren't. They also wasn't as military-orientated as the European powers.
France should be ranked number 3. And I can tell they had a well trained army and their generals have better strategies. And they were powerful at the time
They had a large, well trained, and well equipped army and navy with the industry and population to back it. They also had an extremely powerful airforce for the time. I don't get how they are not number 2, let alone behind the US, who was pathetically weak.
France didn't have a small weak army like the brits it was giant. They also where very well trained. They also did great in about the worst position in the world
We had a much larger army than any other nation at the time at 1.25 million and the Russians at 1 million, so how are we not at the top.
The Austro-Hungarian Empire was Incredibly powerful. However due to literally all of its enemies having significantly better generals it had lead to many stalemates. Still though it proved itself nothing to mess with by Disintegrating russia's army in 1914 Winning (with some help) The battle at Caporetto, Repelled 11 different Italian attacks at the Isonzo river and made the enemy run away scared at the battle of the Ontronto Strait. There was much help needed on many fronst and Austria-Hungary's KD resembles that of a 3 year old playing GTA Austria-Hungary proved themselves as one of the most POWERFUL Empires
Austria Hungary was a great power but their military budget is very VERY small. Austria Hungary have many different ethnic groups in the army and they had great fire power.
I think that the Austria-Hungary was not a very shaky empire even though it has internal problems with its multi-national ethnic, it is still a great power because it have large army, it have many resources and it is the fastest growing economy of all the European powers.
Austria-Hungary was very unstable in 1914 due to its large numbers of ethnic groups. However it was a reasonably large country/empire, therefore had a large military.
Japan should be ranked #5 cause we all know that Japan is not a resource rich country but they had a highly skilled army and there generals are smart. And they played a role in the war effort but they only fought one battle.
The Japanese had taken Taiwan, Port Arthur and Korea during a war with China in 1894-1895 and also defeated Russia during the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905). The Japanese were at this stage were a dominant force in the Pacific, military orientated and had a booming labour force.
Yes, Japan Lacked a lot to make them the best. But they had a great navy and Good force overall. Japan In 1890's captured some of china, taiwan, and korea. They Could Easily crush the Germans navy in pacific since they took down germanys colonies in the pacific. Japan was as well a navy super power.
Japan is strong
I don't think Russia wasn't a great power at all cause there still an agricultural but they had a largest army. We all know that Russia win significant battles against Austria Hungary but when they do that they can fight a shorter war against Austria Hungary. And Russia mobilized 15 million men.
Although I don't think it was first I do think it was stronger than Japan and austro Hungary even though it had recently lost to Japan. I think it's military is stronger than both simply because of its size however it also makes hard to mobilize
That part about Russia being the largest country the world has ever seen is actually not right. The Mongol Empire had all the lands Russia had plus modern day Korea, China, Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, the Middle East, Turkey, Northern India, and parts of Greece. Plus the British Empire was larger too, even larger than the Mongol Empire in terms of landmass.
The Russians had established the largest country the world had ever seen, dominating lands from north east Asia to Eastern Europe. Their economy was flourishing and their productivity was also, though it was very backward compared to other European powers after centuries of Tsarist rule.
The Ottoman Empire was in a state of decay with basically no airforce, a navy that can't accomplish more than my paraplegic grandma, and the extreme loss of territory in recent decades. But Ottoman Empire proved to be a formidable opponent anyway, with superior generals, and superior armies. So after Standing unfazed from the Gallipolli campaign, and making fools of the British captors of Kut. It's easy to say the Ottoman empire being the weakest of the 3, pulled its weight. And so vote for Ottoman Empire for #6 spot they earned it.
Ottoman empire was pretty strong but its because of multiple fronts and internal revolts and foreign betrayals that hey couldn't win the war during WW1. The ottoman empire was actually winning on all fronts except for sarikamis when they got pushed back for not being prepared for the cold weather. The ottomans would have won in the caucuses if it wasn't for the Armenian rebellions occurring in east Anatolia. Basically, the ottoman empire would have done really well in WW1 if it wasn't for the revolts occurring within their empire. People say the germans had a lot to deal with on 2 fronts but look at the ottomans, they had to deal with 5 fronts such as sinai in Egypt, Hejaz in the red sea coasts, Mesopotamia where their supply lines kept on being interrupted, North-east turkey in the caucuses, and finally in the Gallipoli peninsula where they fought nearly all the western allies combined.
The Ottoman Empire was regarded as the poor man of Europe at this stage, had suffered defeat in the First Balkan War from Balkan states which reclaimed nearly all Ottoman territory in Europe.
Needs to be 3.
They fought very well in Arabia and Gallipoli. But Arab revolt didn't end good for them.
In 1914 Italy had already conquered Libya. In the four years 1914-1918 the belligerent nations produced a total of over 195,000 aircraft and flying boats of all kinds Italy alone produced over 12000 airplanes, most of Russia and Austria-Hungary combined.
Italy was the first nation in the world using airplanes during WWI.
Enough with this nonsense about Italy as a "new country". Germany was born in 1871, 10 years after the birth of the Kingdom of Italy. Italy is much more ancient than its official birth date reveals.
Italy was a relatively new country and lacked an empire. It's production was extremely low compared to Germany and France.
If Italy beat the Turks in a war why are they below them?
The Romanian military overall was a force of havoc. It earned the name of "home of defense" by many soldiers from both side. Most notably the Russian soldiers called it like this the most
Romania was able to hold off three armies as well as make huge advances. It easily beat back the Central Powers when it started to get cornered. Took three armies to do it and it didn't even fully work.
This is not true. The Austro-Hungarian Empire helped the Germany army. Romanians beat the Hunharians when the war was finished and they need to laid down their arms. Sorry but this is the true. Read over on History books.
The Kingdom of Bulgaria participated in World War I on the side of the Central Powers from 14 October 1915, when the country declared war on Serbia, until 30 September 1918, when the Armistice of Thessalonica came into effect.
I think they fought very well against Serbia.
At one point, after World War II, Canada had the fourth largest military in the world. Sure our military is pathetically small for a country of our size but we still make a great impact on the world today.
Ahem. Stop complaining about Canada. Canada wouldn't do anything without British help. ''best''. Canada was never best in term of military.
Why are we fourteenth? Sure we had a small army, but we had the best
The Canadians and some other conmen Wealth created all arms warfare and they were much feared.
Belgium is actually severely underestimated during this period because they didn't stand up to Germany - however, they had a huge industrial capability for its size, notably in steel, a relatively large army, and large overseas possessions in the Congo - they were considered close enough to a great power to receive concessions in China after the Boxer Rebellion.
Belgium had a pretty good industry, a large population for their size. They also had a pretty decent army that was pretty well equipped.
The Chinese had suffered after years of European dominance and were still very unstable. The Chinese did however have a considerable labour force.
This flag is actually wrong. China wasn't yet communist in 1914 it was still a monarchy with an emperor.
China is awesome!
Although not independent, India was played a very important part in WWI. British Raj (or British India) was called "The Jewel in the Crown of the British Empire" for a very good reason. India was Britain's most populous colony. It helped fuel the empire economically. During the war it helped supply troops in Africa, the Middle East, and Europe with food and supplies. Thousands of Indians died in Africa and the Middle East fighting the Ottomans and Germans.
Just like that
Serbia was fast growing after the first balkan war, even more so than Bulgaria. They were able to hold off one of Europe's greatest powers for years, despite their size.
The Serbians had bravery and were willing to fight to the end. That makes them a formidable force.
Greece had a very good army that was well trained and one can argue was the best country in mountain warfare. It also had a great navy and it dominated the east of the Mediterranean.
Greece was one of the main causes of Ottoman defeat in the First Balkan War, and unlike Serbia, they were on the offensive in the Second Balkan War and was more successful than the Serbian Army. It was also the only Balkan military with a formidable navy (Greece had a navy comparable to that of the Ottomans), and was also technologically the most advanced Balkan military in WW1. It's only downside is its small size.
Greece unlike Polska didn't got annexed AND fought back Bulgaria and the Ottomans only with Serbia with her!
Greece Fought Ottomans And Axis Since Someone Took over there government and became king.
Monash - combined arms, fire and maneuver. One of the most important figures in modern combat history. Late war the Australians and Americans under his command showed how set defences could be defeated without hideous casualties figures
If you think the Japanese were powerful, we were the first to send the back.
Spain had a decent army that was pretty average, but it had a very good navy.
Forgot this one
I think Nepal should be in top 5. At that time Nepalese people or Gurkha were so powerful that British people were afraid to go in war with Nepali. One time those English people did attacked Nepal but could not take away with them.
Sweden was so great we did not lose a single battle during the war
Neutrality and not a large landmass in Europe made The Netherlands look less powerful than they actually were world wide.
They had a great navy and a global spanning empire. They certainly had the capability to win a war.
T the time the Dutch Empire (other countries are also including colonies in the list) was way bigger than The Ottoman empire, Italy, Japan and Canada. It had approx 51M inhabitants.and a huge economic power. But as they remaind neutral, they are perhaps overlooked in this list.
The Persian army in the Qajar era was quite strong. The main weapon in the army was an old rifle. They ride horses. They fought many wars and consumed a lot of their strength during the Qajar British wars, the Russian-Persian and Ottoman Persian wars. 2 million Persians died during the First World War. Against the Ottomans, Persia was against the Allies and the Axis in the war
Brazil had some amazing ships and was able to produce lots of building materials and sugar, coffee, etc, they also had a good military.
Brazil, although having a small industry, can build it up very fast, and it has a huge population to train.