Top Ten Biggest Geopolitical Events of the 2010sWith the 2019 Bougainville independence referendums being held in a month as of October 28th of 2019 and the fact that the 2010s are soon almost over, let's look at the biggest geopolitical events of the 2010s. With that being said here is the list.
The Top Ten
South Sudan is the newest country in the world as of October 28th of 2019, the time this list is made. It prior to its independence in 2011, was the southern third of the country of Sudan. It's different in nearly every aspect to its northern neighbour, such as in geography, climate, demographics, etc. Because of that, I consider it to be the biggest geopolitival event of the decade.
A new country is definitely big.
Without a doubt one of the most talked about geopolitical events. Prior to March 2014, Crimea was an aoutonomous republic of the eastern european country of Ukraine. When Russia annexed it, it became a russian republic under the name Republic of Crimea.
Prior to 2010, Myanmar was known as simply Burma and it was lead by an authoritarian military dictatorship. It had a flag that closely resembled the current tawianese flag but with a cogwheel and corn instead of a white sun. In 2010, the first free and fair elections took place though and the country changed name to Myanmar and changed flag to make it look like the lithuanian flag but with a white star in the middle.
Definitely a big event.
Prior to 6th June of 2015, India and Bangladesh may or ma not have shared the most complicated border in modern history and the reason being due to the fact that there were hundres, if not thousands of enclaves and exclaves along their border and sometimes you'd had exclaves, in an exclave, IN an exclave in either Bangladesh or India. Yeah it was that complicated. Luckily the two countries exchanged 162 of their enclaves to somewhat simplify their border.
This was completely out of the blue. Nazarbayez had been the president of Kazakstan since its independence from the Soviet Union a few decades back. Some of his known actions include moving the capital city from Almaty to Astana. In March 2019 he resigned as president though and was succeded by Kassym-Jomart Tokajev. The capital was also renamed to Nur-Sultan in honor of Nazarbayev.
It was a self-proclaimed country that was declared independent in April 2012 by tuareg rebels and it comprised the northern 66% of the country of Mali. Its proclaimed capital was Timbukti and its provisional capital was Gao. It was though reabsorbed by Mali in February 2013 after it was taken over by the terrorist group Ansar Dine.
This name change is so big because it somwhat ended the bitter relationship between the countries of North Macedonia and Greece because Greece does not accept the name Macedonia for North Macedonia as they see it as a part of greek history. It's fairly complicated but in January 2019 this issue was resolved when Macedonia changed its name to North Macedonia.
This was a constituent country from 1959 to 2010 under the Kingdom of the Netherlands and consisted of various islands in the caribbean, such as the ABC islands (Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao), Saba, Sint Eustatius and Sint Maarteen. After the dissolution, Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten became their own constituent countries while Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba became sepcial municipalities.
A fairly insignificant event to most, but big to geography nerds who plan to learn the names of every capital city in the world (like me). Before christmas 2018, the capital of Burundi was Bujumbura, the largest city in the country which is fairly close to neighbouring Democratic Republic of the Congo. On christmas 2018 the capital was moved to Gitega, a city in central Burundi, but much smaller.
Another name change that happened in in the 2010s. This one happened in April 2019 and its reasoning from what I heard was to avoid confusion with Switzerland. These two countries have nothing to do with each other so it was understandable.