Top 10 Groundbreaking Scientific Breakthroughs of the 21st Century

Well, it's 2020 and I feel like a lot has happened and we have discovered enough magnificent things that I feel like it's necessary to create this list.
The Top Ten
1 Detection of Gravitational Waves (2015)

Gravitational waves are ripples in the fabric of Space-time produced by the acceleration of massive objects in Space. LIGO detected a gravitational wave which originated from the collision of two black holes that happened approximately 1.3 billion years ago. The discovery wasn't announced until 2016.

2 Evidence of Water on Mars (2015)

NASA has confirmed this in September by a imaging spectrometer from an MRO device (Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter) that detected hydrated salts on different locations. In warm seasons, they darken and flow down steep. In cold seasons, they fade away. Most of all, the hydrated salts are an indicator that water is playing an essential part on Mars.

3 Face Transplantation (2005)

If we're talking the world's first full face transplant, it dates all the way back to 2010 in Spain. The world's first partial transplant on the other hand is conducted on 2005 in France.

4 First Picture of Black Hole (2019)

MIT scientist Katie Bouman easily takes the slice for generating a first image of the black hole at the M87 galaxy. It was captured by an Event Horizon telescope.

5 Discovery of Higgs Boson (2012)

ATLAS and CMS discovered this 'God Particle' responsible for providing all mass to particles thanks to the massive device created by CERN called the Large Hadron Collider. Peter Higgs predicted the existence of the God particle almost 50 years ago and the quest looking for the Holy Grail of Physics is over. A year later, Peter Higgs and François Englert would share the Nobel Prize for their work.

6 Quantum Supremacy (2019)

Quantum Supremacy is basically Quantum Computers outperforming classical supercomputers in such incredible speed seconds earlier than the classical supercomputers. Key figures predicted it including Richard Feynman. It turns out Google has achieved Quantum Supremacy by its 54-qubit Sycamore processor performing a calculation for 200 seconds while the world's most powerful supercomputer would take about 10,000 years.

7 Photonic Molecules First Created (2013)

They were first predicted in 2007 by MIT which then it was discovered 6 years later. It somehow has an analogy of Lightsabers from Star Wars because of the physics of the particles of how photons together push away and deflect each other. Despite the analogy, it's rather quite essential for Quantum Computing by providing more into the Quantum Logic Gates.

8 Confirmation of Dark Matter (2006)

A team of researchers confirmed the existence by measuring the bullet clusters or the location of mass in the collision of galaxies. Though Dark Matter is one of the most poorly understood and most mysterious substances in space, we are at least one step ahead of unraveling the mystery.

NASA confirms that there is at least 68% of Dark Matter roaming around the universe.

9 Water Converting to Fuel (2017)

A German cleantech company created a device that can convert water and carbon dioxide into liquid hydrocarbons taking the form of synthetic diesel, petrol, and kerosene.

10 First HIV Cure on a Patient (2007)

It was Dr. Gero Hütter who was the first one to successfully cure an HIV/AIDS patient named Timothy Ray Brown by transplanting bone marrow from an HIV-immune patient.

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