Top 10 Western Philosophers

Philosophy can be classified as highly complicated. Nonetheless, we still see many varying thoughts in philosophy and embrace them. Although some people here may not have ideas that are still prominent today, their ideas still helped to reshape things at their time. These are the greatest thinkers in politics, religion, science, and mathematics to have come from the Western or Occidental world.

The Top Ten

1 Socrates Socrates Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher, of the Western ethical tradition of thought.

Socrates the ideal thinker. He questioned everything. - 2storm

I’m sorry, but this picture scares me

He was the man who founded Western Philosophy, so of course he’s here. Although he has no written works, his ideas were spread around through his pupils, especially Plato. He developed the Socratic Method and established the limitations of human knowledge. - Archived

2 Plato Plato Plato was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

Me. I say putting up with incorrectness is Stupid. And in the Western world we tolerate Stupidity. Mean Religions...No access to healthcare.. Pure Capitalism...Islam... is tolerated...lazy people are fed... for free?... Stupid is the Norm here.

Established the Academy of Athens, mentored Aristotle, developed the theory of the constantly changing world, the total impact of his work is unmeasurable. - Archived

In my opinion, he is way ahead of his time if you look at his quotes! - Kevinsidis

He wrote the greates lengind in the world about atlantis

3 Karl Marx Karl Marx Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, historian, political theorist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist. Born in Trier to a middle-class family, Marx studied law and Hegelian philosophy.

A man who exposed the inequalities of social class and called for a classless system, known as socialism. The idea of socialism was ultimately adopted by such nations as Soviet Russia and China. - Archived

Wrote down the evils and inequalitiesof capitalism and explained how to have a better and more equal system

He found,how business man collect money without hard work.Labours working for them just for food.

4 Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, and Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.

Famous for his nihilism, Nietzsche was also known for his ideas of seeing things through multiple perspectives, especially good and evil. - Archived

5 Aristotle Aristotle Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece.

His works, albeit severely outdated, had a lasting effect of the thinking of others for centuries, and covered many different topics that no other could’ve at the time. - Archived

6 John Locke John Locke John Locke FRS was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism".

A man that gained prominence during the Enlightenment period, Locke influenced the idea of natural rights and the social contract theory. Locke's beliefs had an impact on the signing of the Declaration of Independence later on. - Archived

He is known to many Americans as the man who influenced our Early Government. - 2storm

There were also some other people's ideas that influenced early government. Locke, Hobbes, Aristotle, a considerable mix of political philosophies, all of which combined created the American government. - Archived

Influence on Classical Liberalism.The ideology that the founding fathers and the revolutionaries of France supported - DarkBoi-X

7 Rene Descartes Rene Descartes

A massive influence of the Scientific Revolution that gave rise to ideas to be known for sure, and discarding those that can't be fully confirmed. - Archived

8 Jean-Jacques Rousseau

A philosopher, and a musical composer. His beliefs on the right to rule brought upon the separation of church and state, as well as the French Revolution. - Archived

9 David Hume
10 Voltaire Voltaire François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and separation more.

Highly critical of Christianity, Voltaire advocated for the freedom of religion and separation of church and state, and became a key figure during the period of Enlightenment. - Archived

The Contenders

11 Thomas Hobbes Thomas Hobbes
12 Baruch Spinoza Baruch Spinoza
13 John Dewey John Dewey
14 John Stuart Mill

Mill advocated for the limitations of government and the protection of individual rights. He saw history as a battleground between liberty and authority, and created a basis for social justice (no, not the kind of social justice you think of nowadays) and human rights. - Archived

15 Jean-Paul Sartre Jean-Paul Sartre Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (June 21, 1905 – April 15, 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic.
16 Pythagoras Pythagoras Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and the putative founder of the movement called Pythagoreanism.

Becasue of this guy, we're learning about the Pythagoreom Theroum in Algebra >:(((

17 Jeremy Bentham
18 John Calvin
19 Albert Camus Albert Camus Albert Camus (7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist. He is best known for such novels as L’Étranger (The Stranger, 1942), La Peste (The Plague, 1947), and La Chute (The Fall, 1956). He received the 1957 Nobel Prize for Literature.
20 Peter Singer
21 Marcus Tullius Cicero

Translated Greek Works into Latin. Marcus Aurelius and/or Cicero are the greatest Roman philosophers.

22 Marcus Aurelius

Wrote his meditations on stoic philosophy. Greatest Roman Emperor.

23 Schopenhauer
BAdd New Item

Related Lists

Best Philosophers in the World Top Ten Favorite Philosophers of All Time Most Significant Thinkers and Philosophers of Middle Eastern Descent Top Ten Ancient Greek Philosophers Best Westerns of All Time

List Stats

23 listings
38 days old

Top Remixes (6)

1. Socrates
2. Karl Marx
3. Rene Descartes
1. Socrates
2. Friedrich Nietzsche
3. Plato
1. Plato
2. Friedrich Nietzsche
3. Karl Marx

View All 6

Error Reporting

See a factual error in these listings? Report it here.