Top 10 Western PhilosophersPhilosophy can be classified as highly complicated. Nonetheless, we still see many varying thoughts in philosophy and embrace them. Although some people here may not have ideas that are still prominent today, their ideas still helped to reshape things at their time. These are the greatest thinkers in politics, religion, science, and mathematics to have come from the Western or Occidental world.
He was the man who founded Western Philosophy, so of course he's here. Although he has no written works, his ideas were spread around through his pupils, especially Plato. He developed the Socratic Method and established the limitations of human knowledge.
The founder of philosophy as we know it in the western world deserves credit for bringing about a new age of thought.
Socrates the ideal thinker. He questioned everything.
Along with Socrates, this philosopher created the categories of thought that our modern world has built itself around until perhaps the 20th century.
Established the Academy of Athens, mentored Aristotle, developed the theory of the constantly changing world, the total impact of his work is unmeasurable.
In my opinion, he is way ahead of his time if you look at his quotes!
The man who exposed capitalism for the scam it is. Even though the communist movements were destroyed by Stalinist betrayal in the 20th century, Marx's analysis of capitalism and vision for a classless future society is still as relevant as ever.
A man who exposed the inequalities of social class and called for a classless system, known as socialism. The idea of socialism was ultimately adopted by such nations as Soviet Russia and China.
His Nicomachean Ethics is the ethics of common sense and also the only moral philosophy that is sound, practical, and undogmatic.
A continuation of the Platonic tradition, Aristotles ideas are essentially the assumptions that modern man makes about the world without realizing the source.
His works, albeit severely outdated, had a lasting effect of the thinking of others for centuries, and covered many different topics that no other could've at the time.
A massive influence of the Scientific Revolution that gave rise to ideas to be known for sure, and discarding those that can't be fully confirmed.
This philosopher brought philosophy into the modern age and explored the depths of consciousness.
A philosopher, and a musical composer. His beliefs on the right to rule brought upon the separation of church and state, as well as the French Revolution.
Highly critical of Christianity, Voltaire advocated for the freedom of religion and separation of church and state, and became a key figure during the period of Enlightenment.
He is one of the modern philosophers with the strongest arguments and his writings exude a coolness that is lacking in the entire philosophical canon.
Formulated problems of self, identity and knowledge better than any early modern philosopher before him
Ushered in the postmodern world out of the religious era of Plato and Thomas aquinas, and removed the shackles on the dogmatic world.
Famous for his nihilism, Nietzsche was also known for his ideas of seeing things through multiple perspectives, especially good and evil.
A man that gained prominence during the Enlightenment period, Locke influenced the idea of natural rights and the social contract theory. Locke's beliefs had an impact on the signing of the Declaration of Independence later on.
He is known to many Americans as the man who influenced our Early Government.
Influence on Classical Liberalism.The ideology that the founding fathers and the revolutionaries of France supported
Mill advocated for the limitations of government and the protection of individual rights. He saw history as a battleground between liberty and authority, and created a basis for social justice (no, not the kind of social justice you think of nowadays) and human rights.
Apart from Jesus and St Paul, he is the most influential figure in Christianity. He is also a great writer and philosopher who can be read by non-religious people.
He systematized and synthesized the philosophy of Aristotle with Revelation, proving that faith and reason are not contradictory; his work still serves as a basis of Catholic Theology. Much of his work utilizes the mean between extremes that typified Aristotle, and following in his footsteps hempa avoid the problems and errors of modern and contemporary times.