Best Ancient Civilizations

The Top TenXW

1Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece is the most influential civilizations in the world. They created everything what we believe in today and what we do today.
Language, typography, philosophy, architecture, history, science, geography to astronomy, art, beauty and much more.

53.000 words in this world is Greek of origin. And Greeks invented so many things most people don't even know.

-53.000 words in the world is Greek of origin. (Greek language today is the richest in the world with over 800.000 words. The number 2 in the world has only 250.000)
-The musical notation system that we use everywhere in the world
-Typography (line length, leading, tracking, point size, typefaces
-Epic poetry
-The science of philosophy
-Development of Mathematics
-Automatic doors
-Diving bells
-First alphabet with vowels
-Hippocratic Oath
-Science of history
-Science of Anthropology
-Coined money
-The Olympic ...more

Greece is the founder of Western civilization and also the most influential one, they invented so many things its impossible to write them in a paragraph. Romans copied everything from the Greeks the Romans were deeply enamoured with Greek culture they regarded Greece as the mother of all knowledge, they adopted their religion, architecture, philosophies even the rich aristocrats hired Greek teachers for their kids

A lot of Ancient Greek influence can be found all over the world. Democracy started in Greece, Theatre was created there and trade played a big part during that time period, which influenced our trading strategies.

U got to admit it guys

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2Ancient Egypt

Simply the best ancient civilization.
For the pyramids only Egyptian civilization will forever be known as the pinnacle the ancient peoples' achievement.

I think Egyptians are one of the great people and have the most good civilization. They've been good with everything and I believe they deserve this vote considering.

I don't know where to begin:
First Vessled boat found, largest and oldest structures on the face of the planet at the time, alignment of their world wonders with Orion, invention of a the first calendar of 365 days, invention of Makeup, stone carvings, even better metal carvings into the shape of gods and pharaohs. Not to mention advancement in math, engineering, and medicine from surgeries on brains to fixing broken bones and treating migraines. Nonetheless all the mysteries that hasn't been answers just as the art of mummification, building massive structures that are still standing and in better conditions than other ancient structures that were built after. Lastly, the capability of writing and drawing in narrow tunnels and tombs that are way underground and way far from any source of light. How did they do it? There is no way they used candles because the level of oxygen is low in these passageways and tunnels that will turn off the flame. Even torches will smoke up these ...more

Egypt should be number one

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3Ancient China

The ancient Chinese were ahead in the game in virtually all aspects of civilization. They were one of the only prominent civilizations in ancient history that elected government officials through merit instead of wealth/family background.

It is essentially the only ancient empire that still survives in its near full prominence and cultural diaspora that influenced and stimulated the culture of the largest/most populous continent on the planet. No other empire has survived the test of time besides China because their 1.4 billion people truly believe they are one culture and ethnic group which took thousands of years of integrations to achieve (the English have been trying to convince the Irish and Scottish people that they are one culture for a thousand years and still have not accomplished it). For most of ancient and modern history, around 1/4 to 1/2 of the human population lived and died in the Chinese Empire. While in modern times, high birth rates/high populations might ...more

They were ahead of the europeans in astronomy and science, invented paper, gunpowder, seismograph, printing, silk and many other things. They had lots of infrastructure, the forbidden city looked so grand. They developed caligraphy, painting, literature, was advanced in metallurgy and pottery. They left the best pottery that the word china also means pottery. They also invented chopsticks and make their language written words look like pictures.

Ancient China has a big influence on the modern world. They had writing systems, agriculture and empires. Many historical sights are in China. They invented paper, printing, gunpowder, and the compass. They also discovered fire. Much of what is today has to do with Ancient China. Many places, things, and even buildings are related to the Ancient Chinese.

The only one that is still around today. Not only that, but at their time they were the most advanced civilization in the world.

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4Ancient Rome

The roots of Western Civilization developed from histories longest lived civilization (500BC-1493AD). The decline and fall of the western part of the empire in 476AD, and the 1000 year chaos which followed (i.E. the dark ages) exemplify the importance of this once great empire. The Romans adapted foreign customs, ideas and people into their own. The were the first republic, and model for every republic to follow. With Rome lay the roots of western language, government, architecture and religion.

The history of modern nations such as the United States, mirrors Rome to a "T". Rome was founded as a result of resistance to the opposition and tyranny of their Etruscan overlords. The Roman's in founding their new nation swore never again to have a king. The government they established for their fledgling nation was named SPQR (latin translation: The Senate of the People for the People of Rome) was to serve that purpose. Sound familiar?

Ultimately national security ...more

Rome was the greatest civilization of all time; Rome greatly increased technological levels in Europe and made European empires possible. Art flourished, Rome nearly united the known world, and we still feel the influence of Roman Christianity today. Heck, Rome CONQUERED Greece and Egypt. 'enough said.

Everything that could happen to an empire happened to Rome, Monarchy, Republic and Empire.
Defined by their heroes whose name rise in the pages of history like Gods and their wars which are still in the memory of all.

Rome is Love rome is life

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5Ancient India

World's oldest university takshashila (700 bce) was in india

Will Durant, American historian: "India was the motherland of our race, and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages: she was the mother of our philosophy; mother, through the Arabs, of much of our mathematics; mother, through the Buddha, of the ideals embodied in Christianity; mother, through the village community, of self-government and democracy. Mother India is in many ways the mother of us all".

Mark Twain, American author: "India is, the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only."

Albert Einstein, American scientist: "We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made."

Max ...more

Ancient india must be the first because world's first planned cities were built in india (mohenjadaro and harappa), world's first sanitation system is found in india(3000 because). World's first dockyard is found in india(3000 bce, whereas trignometry (modern sine and cosine were stated by aryabhata nearly before 1500 years and he formulated the world's first sine table ), algebra (al khwarismi whop is credited for inventing modern algebra himself has stated it is the work of arjehir-aryabhat in arabic, many india books were translated to arabic since greece was in dark age during this period)), numeral system(ancient indians developed it and aryabhata perfected it),0(0 existed before millenias in india pingala stated the binary system with 0 but aryabhata and bhramagupta completed the work on 0), binary system(pingala), astronomical models(aryabhata, bhramagupta, bhaskaracharya all stated several helio centric models, nilakantha somayaji formulated tycho brahe model nearly 3 ...more

World's oldest dam was built in India.. By our ancient engineers.. It's name is Kallanai.. India was much better before Britishers.. Even

This is the only surviving and still flourishing civilization.

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Persians started the worlds first largest empire which was founded by morals. Persian kings did not believe in slavery and created the first declaration of human rights. They contributed so much to our world by creating the worlds first gardens, inventing wine, alcohol for medical use, and was the main influence for mediterranean food. They invented the kabob, birthday parties, the first monotheistic religion, the first feasts, domestication of horses, backgammon, their architectural influences spread to Europe, and etc. They have a history that dates back to almost 9, 000 years!

The word Persia itself invokes the ancient world. In terms of their contribution to civilization, their ancient civilization contributed more to humanity than any ancient civilization, including human rights, law, travel, culture, architecture, governmental system, commerce, art and music.

Persia is the best

Seriously 6th place? it should be first with 10000year because civilization...

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7Aztec Empire

The Aztec empire had are among some of the most advanced native american civilizations they were particularly good in the fields of Architecture and Agriculture. Their capital city, Tenochtitlan, Had a population of approximately 200,000 and was much cleaner and healthier than most European cities of the time, also they didn't have rivers of feces running through their streets like that of London

European disease practically wiped out all the grandeur of this highly civilized society which had not reached its peak when the Spaniard invaders destroyed it. Many criticize it for its practice of human sacrifice but the truth is most countries in Europe were killing more of their own people on a statistical level. Tenochtitlan was an enormous city that stunned the Europeans when they first saw it. It had public schools, universities, hospitals, a high level of social structure, education was free, it was bigger than any European city of its time. It was filled with botanical gardens none existing in Europe. Streets were clean unlike European cities with ankle deep sewage. Aztec poetry and philosophy was even more abundant than the better know Greek productions. It is also a myth that it was European superior technology that defeated the Mexica Empire. It was disease. 95 percent of the 80 million natives people of the Americas were wiped out in a few years after the arrival of the ...more

The Spanish conquistadors destroyed what could have become one of the most incredible empires of all time, actually they did that with a few, damn them classless conquistadors!

Just imagine how amazing central america could look today...

They were actually quite bloodthirsty, Aztec priests sacrificed people nearly everyday to the gods! They had very horrible methods, like pulling out someones heart while it was still beating! Yuck!

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8Scandinavia in Viking Times

The Norse civilization should be number 1. The Norse people were Germanic people who settled in Scandinavia they had to live in one of the hardest places to farm and back then if you had a poor crop harvest you would starve but they got past that by raiding and trading with other European settlements to get food. The Vikings were also very good explorers and sailors being the first Europeans to discover Greenland and Canada. The Vikings could also navigate with the using the stars. Also The Viking's civilization never fell like Greece, Egypt and Times did they just stopped being Vikings when they were converted into Christians.

Vikings led fleets of longships throughout Europe in a campaign to invade and ransack other civilizations to obtain there resources. The vikings also discovered America before any other easterners, but due to lack of resources and personnel, left it and returned home. People may think of vikings as mindless savages, but in reality, their civilizations produced an enormous change in technology, seafaring abilities, and many other advancements.

Scandinavia includes Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Iceland.

Not Finland they have more in common with cavemen than Scandinavians.

They traveled everywhere learning new things and adding them to their own inventions making them better

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9Ancient Japan

Not very well known because of its cut-off trade system, but filled with knowledge, logic, and brilliant ideas. There were emperors, samurais and geishas. Fantastic paintings and art were created.

The Japanese synthesized Central Asian, Chinese, Polynesian and Indian cultures and religions took them to another level. Look at their companies (e.G., Sony and Toyota), WWII Navy and sushi.

Ancient Japan because they achieved total unification of japan and nearly took over china and korea

But most Japanese things were brought over from China, then modified

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10Inca Empire

Should be higher up! Their roads rival that of Rome's and built many famous cities today, like Machu Picchu.

Created bases for community and kindness, ingenuity and problem solving. These people cared less about wealth systems and more about their communities.

The Inca Empire was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America.

Were relatively peaceful and tolerant, that I like

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The Newcomers

?Anglo-Saxon England

Anglo-Saxons invaded England, and called it "Angle-Land" Therefor it became England!

?The Osirians

Not a very well known civilization

They were living it up with the most advance civilizations like Atlantis

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The Contenders

11The Spartans

Small yet mighty, no warriors in history ever did or ever will outmatch the men of Sparta. Having trained since the age of seven, their military career ended either when they reached an old enough age that they could not fight too well (most likely their mid-sixties), or it simply ended when they died. In their daily lives, they took up no other work except being soldiers everything they did was geared towards warfare, even the music they listened too. They trained every day from when the sun rose in the East to when it set in the West, and the training was the harshest known to man to this day from he youngest of ages, the boys were beaten near to death, flogged to test endurance and in most cases were killed during training. Once training was complete (after some 15 years of none-stop surviving) only then would they be given citizenship. And then there's the legacy of Leonidas and the 300 at Thermopylae which has become legend, an almost unbelievable story of courage, duty and ...more

This world was forged upon warfare, and who else to better represent the title "Best Ancient Civilization" than the greatest ancient military minded civilization? SPARTA

This is the most awesome civilization ever! Constantly striving for military excellence and their women enjoyed some of the best rights of any ancient civilization as well! I wish I could have seen what it was like!

This is Sparta!

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12Babylonian Empire

I have read that is is the worlds first country

Love this one! 😃

Babylonia was nothing compared to the Persian empires. Cyrus the great king of Persia was named the king of babylonia by the people. after he took charge of the city he freed the slaves and didn't kill even one civilian he didn't even kill the king.
In no way should the Babylonian empire be ranked higher than Persian. Persian ruled over this country for 1700 years and you'll find that babylonia developed richer during this 1700 years


Vikings never wore horns in their helmets, and they ate seal blubber, and covered their boats in it!

It a pirate and they usually sail steal people staff

Vikings are the best

14The Huns/Mongols

Although Mongols and Huns are considered by some to be barbaric without influential cultural artifacts etc. they should be considered VERY INFLUENTIAL in world history by the fact that they had huge impact on the forming of nowadays Great Nations (Such as China, Russia and so on. ) Also if we consider Military to be a achievement, the military of Mongols and Huns should be considered the "Tour de force" of Human kind.
And Yes they were mass killers, they threatened the So called Cultured civilizations
But it was what they did to survive with their land of harsh, the leftover lands of cold and hot. Seriously People been choosing to live in Hawaii rather than anchorage.

I like Greece. I have been there few years ago during the Christmas. It was really amazing there. Even though people were in winter clothes I was walking in only my suits. The air, the place, just amazing. And I have seen Acropolis. But for me, the place where it was built was more interesting than the temple itself. But my points is that they managed to do something that many great civilizations wanted to do but couldn't. Even though they have bad reputation but they contributed many things to human history. Also they left traces of their culture all over Eurasia. So I vote for Mongols and the Huns.

Under the rule of Attila the Hun the Barbarian group called the Huns could quickly sweep through towns in just a matter of minutes. Attila and the Huns conquered most of Europe and weakened Rome. Genghis Khan the ruler of the Mongols conquered more than twice as much land as Rome in only a few decades. Rome on the other hand took almost 1000 years to conquer only a fraction of the land the Mongols could.

15Ancient Mayan

Smartest because of their knowledge of the stars and their hieroglyphs, also their pyramids were very complex

They may have told the end of the world also they were very smart civilization it basically came up with math they also lasted for a long time I don't know how long but they stayed a civilization for a long time.

By far more prolific and deserving than some on your list.

Invented chocolate and more desserts

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16Ancient Israel

Israel (The Jewish people, taught the world to believe in one god, wrote the history of the world as well as that of the Jewish people, documented the creation of the universe, all in the Bible. The ultimate alpha civilization. (or shall I say, "aleph" civilization! Israel is the common denominator for more coutries than any other civilization in the world, even surpassing Greece!

One of the most incredible nations in the world especially the tale of its fall and its establishment as a independent nation.

It was a great civilization by the fact that it oppressed by so many other civilizations and is doing well today.

With all my respect to Persian culture but Israel is older than Persia.

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17Ancient France

They were one of the only ancient civilizations to survive the Roman conquest.
The gauls themselves sacked rome
The franks and goths, both french and german, eliminated empires

France isn't a civilization its called GAUL!

France isn't a civilization at all its called GAUL!

18Ancient Macedonia

Ancient Macedonia was Greek.

Macedonia was greek go vote for ancient Greece instead

There is no Ancient Macedonia as a civilization, there is Ancient Greece. Great Alexander was Macedonian his father Philip the second united all ancient Greek states to one. so Macedonian and sparta are parts from Greece

Alexanders empire only lasted 11 years...

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19Ancient Turkey

Turks have established 18 empires throughout their history, have conquered all of the known world, and the west has had to make up alternative narratives to curtail Turkish nationalism from reemerging in its greatness and dominating Middle East and Europe in the 20th century. The most significant legacy in most of Central Asia, Black Sea and Eastern Europe is of Turkish origin. The world has never known more powerful and benevolent conquerors than the Turks, and the Turks will soon rise again in their ferocious glory.

Hello I like turkey and uh.. TURKEYS

As a Muslim I also duly respect the Ottoman Empire. Whatever were the reasons of its fall I feel that they have done a lot for Muslims

They conquered a lot of countries and their army stopped Alexander the great and his Greek army.

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20Roman Republic

Like the Roman Empire and all of its accomplishments, but way better because of the freedom its citizens and allies enjoyed. The Roman Republic was all about liberty and were very isolationist at heart but by policy, were protectorates of its allies. Most people believed that the Empire and the Republic were the same warmongering states but they would be wrong. For example, the Greeks attacked, asked for aid and were extremely ungrateful to the Romans. The Romans defeated the armies of Pyrrus, Antiochus, Philip and many others who threatened the security of the Romans or the Greeks. After beating down the enemy, Rome allowed them to live and offered friendship and freedom. 5 times they declared all conquered Greeks cities free! And did not demand any compensation for the hard fought wars the Romans fought in. Would War mongers do this? No. Its because the Roman Republic was an Empire of Trust (Thomas F. Madden) not of Conquest! That is why the Roman Republic is the greatest civilization.

For hal a Milaniom this war machine had the most professional army of its time.

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