Best Ancient Civilizations

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The Top Ten

1
Ancient Greece
Ancient Greece is the most influential civilizations in the world. They created everything what we believe in today and what we do today.
Language, typography, philosophy, architecture, history, science, geography to astronomy, art, beauty and much more.

53.000 words in this world is Greek of origin. And Greeks invented so many things most people don't even know.

-53.000 words in the world is Greek of origin. (Greek language today is the richest in the world with over 800.000 words. The number 2 in the world has only 250.000)
-The musical notation system that we use everywhere in the world
-Typography (line length, leading, tracking, point size, typefaces
-Epic poetry
-The science of philosophy
-Humanism
-Democracy
-Development of Mathematics
-Automatic doors
-Diving bells
-First alphabet with vowels
-Hippocratic Oath
-Science of history
-Logic
-Mythology
-Science of Anthropology
-Coined money
-The Olympic games
-Thermometer
-Tumbler Locks
-Central Heating
-Frame harp, Aeolian harp, pan flute
-Catapult
-Crossbow
-Greek Fire
-Geometry
-Invention of the art of Cartography
-First mechanical clock
-Oldest composed musical piece in the world -Seikilos Epitaph
-First Ancient Computer -Antikythera
-The Anchor
-Hula hoop
-Stentorophonic tube
-trireme ships
-Wind power
-Archimedes Steam cannon
-Pizza (greeks taught romans to bake bread, pizza and many other things)
-Science of Geology
-Science of Physics
-Theatre
-Drama and Comedy
-Development of Medicine
-First anatomist
-The education system schools and academies
-The magnet
-First military banners
-The atomic theory by Democritus
-First usage of solar power
-The principles of archimedes
-Geography
-First discovery that the earth was round (eratosthenes calculated the circumference of the earth)
-The basic principles of electricity (Elektron)
-the cyrillic alphabet
-Byzantine art
-The taximeter Odometer
-Mining
-The first railway
-The first washstand (automatic pleunatic machine)
-The first vendinmachine (By heron of alexandria
-Plumbing system (plumbing has been invented in Greek minoan time 3750-2000 because)
-Lighthouses
-Condom
-Iron hand
-Levers
-First cookbook in history
-Pantograph
-Parabolic Mirror
-Parchment
-Patent Law system
-Periaktos
-The first alarmclock
-The first clocktower
-The algebra (Dophantus
-The bullfight
-The banking system
-First reseach centre (with over 500.000 books)
-River deflection
-The first robots
-Roof tiles
-Astronomy
-Screw
-Sea mines
-Shock absorber
-Shower
-Siege machines
-Siren
-Soap
-Water and air pump
-Pythagoras cup of justice
-Radiation weapon
-Golden ratio
-Steam power and steam engine
-Steam rocket (aelopile also known as a hero engine)
-Anemoscope
-Fire exstinguish machine
-Flame thrower
-Astrolabe
-Chewing gum
-City planning
-Coin automat ( it was not reinvented till close 19th century AD)
-Floating bricks
-Compound pulley
-The first cranes
-The dry dock
-Dice and Pessoi) (The dice we use today in numerous games)
-Gears
-Differential gears
-Dioptra
-Electro therapy
-First flying machine
-Science of meteorology (by aristotle)
-Repeating crossbow
-First evolution theory (by animaxander)
-The first university -The platonic academy
-Greek architecture
-The elevator (by archimedes)
-The tunnel of Eupalinos (The only of 2 known tunnels in history wich was excavated from both ends
-The football
-The organ instrument
-The urban planning
-The cannon
-Fire hose
-Greek cuisine
-Sculpture

Are but a fragment of major Greek inventions
Many more examples can be found in museums, books, wikipedia or archeologic sites across Greece and of course around you
-53.000 words in the world is Greek of origin. (Greek language today is the richest in the world with over 800.000 words. The number 2 in the world has only 250.000)
-The musical notation system that we use everywhere in the world
-Typography (line length, leading, tracking, point size, typefaces
-Epic poetry
-The science of philosophy
-Humanism
-Democracy
-Development of Mathematics
-Automatic doors
-Diving bells
-First alphabet with vowels
-Hippocratic Oath
-Science of history
-Logic
-Mythology
-Science of Anthropology
-Coined money
-The Olympic games
-Thermometer
-Tumbler Locks
-Central Heating
-Frame harp, Aeolian harp, pan flute
-Catapult
-Crossbow
-Greek Fire
-Geometry
-Invention of the art of Cartography
-First mechanical clock
-Oldest composed musical piece in the world -Seikilos Epitaph
-First Ancient Computer -Antikythera
-The Anchor
-Hula hoop
-Stentorophonic tube
-trireme ships
-Wind power
-Archimedes Steam cannon
-Pizza (greeks taught romans to bake bread, pizza and many other things)
-Science of Geology
-Science of Physics
-Theatre
-Drama and Comedy
-Development of Medicine
-First anatomist
-The education system schools and academies
-The magnet
-First military banners
-The atomic theory by Democritus
-First usage of solar power
-The principles of archimedes
-Geography
-First discovery that the earth was round (eratosthenes calculated the circumference of the earth)
-The basic principles of electricity (Elektron)
-the cyrillic alphabet
-Byzantine art
-The taximeter Odometer
-Mining
-The first railway
-The first washstand (automatic pleunatic machine)
-The first vending machine (By heron of alexandria
-Plumbing system (plumbing has been invented in Greek minoan time 3750-2000 because)
-Lighthouses
-Condom
-Iron hand
-Levers
-First cookbook in history
-Pantograph
-Parabolic Mirror
-Parchment
-Patent Law system
-Periaktos
-The first alarm clock
-The first clock tower
-The algebra (Dophantus
-The bullfight
-The banking system
-First research centre (with over 500.000 books)
-River deflection
-The first robots
-Roof tiles
-Astronomy
-Screw
-Sea mines
-Shock absorber
-Shower
-Siege machines
-Siren
-Soap
-Water and air pump
-Pythagoras cup of justice
-Radiation weapon
-Golden ratio
-Steam power and steam engine
-Steam rocket (aelopile also known as a hero engine)
-Anemoscope
-Fire exstinguish machine
-Flame thrower
-Astrolabe
-Chewing gum
-City planning
-Coin automat ( it was not reinvented till close 19th century AD)
-Floating bricks
-Compound pulley
-The first cranes
-The dry dock
-Dice and Pessoi) (The dice we use today in numerous games)
-Gears
-Differential gears
-Dioptra
-Electro therapy
-First flying machine
-Science of meteorology (by Aristotle)
-Repeating crossbow
-First evolution theory (by animaxander)
-The first university -The platonic academy
-Greek architecture
-The elevator (by archimedes)
-The tunnel of Eupalinos (The only of 2 known tunnels in history which was excavated from both ends
-The football
-The organ instrument
-The urban planning
-The cannon
-Fire hose
-Greek cuisine
-and Sculpture
They were invented.
Greece is the founder of Western civilization and also the most influential one, they invented so many things its impossible to write them in a paragraph. Romans copied everything from the Greeks the Romans were deeply enamoured with Greek culture they regarded Greece as the mother of all knowledge, they adopted their religion, architecture, philosophies even the rich aristocrats hired Greek teachers for their kids
[Newest]Thank's for the information, it really, really helped
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2Ancient Egypt
The first that created a single state. Built greatest monuments.
Possibly the first to use writting and also everything essentual for a civilised life. Greeks and others copied their knowledge in medicine, astronomy and other science. While the Greeks and the Romans were boosting themselves at their own achevements which were mostly philosophical, hedonistic, and not that important in the overall human achievements, the Egyptians used their own in practice and did do for 4000 years.
Simply the best ancient civilization.
For the pyramids only Egyptian civilization will forever be known as the pinnacle the ancient peoples' achievement.
Who in the world would put Greece above Egypt. 3000 years! A NATION for 3000 years. Greece hasn't been around for half of that and wasn't a country for even one tenth of that! The irony is, the only reason they were ever conquered by Rome is because of a stupid love triangle between world leaders. Even so they outlasted Greece when Rome came along by 100 years. On a side note: Athens, founded by an Egyptian.
[Newest]They were so beyond there times and even beyond ours. The only things we have to explain how they created what they did are theories leading to more dead ends. Their feats in astrology, mathematics, engineering, dense stone carving, and much more are completely unexplainable and we don't even really know for sure how far their culture even went back. We also cannot replicate their accomplishments in our modern day.
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3Ancient Rome
The roots of Western Civilization developed from histories longest lived civilization (500BC-1493AD). The decline and fall of the western part of the empire in 476AD, and the 1000 year chaos which followed (i.E. the dark ages) exemplify the importance of this once great empire. The Romans adapted foreign customs, ideas and people into their own. The were the first republic, and model for every republic to follow. With Rome lay the roots of western language, government, architecture and religion.

The history of modern nations such as the United States, mirrors Rome to a "T". Rome was founded as a result of resistance to the opposition and tyranny of their Etruscan overlords. The Roman's in founding their new nation swore never again to have a king. The government they established for their fledgling nation was named SPQR (latin translation: The Senate of the People for the People of Rome) was to serve that purpose. Sound familiar?

Ultimately national security and economic hardship lead to Roman's going back on their own word. Augustus, the first empero, was an example of what good dictator could bring, enlue of a squabbling and politically motivated senate. However not every emperor to follow was good or great. Ultimately the Romans relinquishing their absolute freedom for security lead to nations collapse. For they had forgotten the meaning of oppression. Thomas Jefferson, an American founding father and president, drawing from the lessons learned from Rome said "those who would sacrifice freedom for security, deserve neither".

Rome continues to be relevant because of the lesson we continue to learn from it. Rome was the most technologically advanced, economically powerful, and militarily superior nation of the ancient word. Rome's developed the science of urban planning, sewer systems, running water, interstate (provincial) roadway systems, postage, military and government organization, cement, architecture, the list goes on and on.

We owe our western culture and civilization to the Rome, and we owe our futures to the lessons we can continue to draw from it.
Rome was the greatest civilization of all time; Rome greatly increased technological levels in Europe and made European empires possible. Art flourished, Rome nearly united the known world, and we still feel the influence of Roman Christianity today. Heck, Rome CONQUERED Greece and Egypt. 'enough said.
Everything that could happen to an empire happened to Rome, Monarchy, Republic and Empire.
Defined by their heroes whose name rise in the pages of history like Gods and their wars which are still in the memory of all.
[Newest]The name says it all!

4Ancient India
World's oldest university takshashila (700 bce) was in india

Will Durant, American historian: "India was the motherland of our race, and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages: she was the mother of our philosophy; mother, through the Arabs, of much of our mathematics; mother, through the Buddha, of the ideals embodied in Christianity; mother, through the village community, of self-government and democracy. Mother India is in many ways the mother of us all".

Mark Twain, American author: "India is, the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only."

Albert Einstein, American scientist: "We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made."

Max Mueller, German scholar: If I were asked under what sky the human mind has most fully developed some of its choicest gifts, has most deeply pondered on the greatest problems of life, and has found solutions, I should point to India.

Romain Rolland, French scholar : "If there is one place on the face of earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India."

Henry David Thoreau, American Thinker & Author: Whenever I have read any part of the Vedas, I have felt that some unearthly and unknown light illuminated me. In the great teaching of the Vedas, there is no touch of sectarianism. It is of all ages, climbs, and nationalities and is the royal road for the attainment of the Great Knowledge. When I read it, I feel that I am under the spangled heavens of a summer night.

R.W. emerson, American Author: In the great books of India, an empire spoke to us, nothing small or unworthy, but large, serene, consistent, the voice of an old intelligence, which in another age and climate had pondered and thus disposed of the questions that exercise us.

Hu Shih, former Ambassador of China to USA: "India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border."

Keith Bellows, National Geographic Society : "There are some parts of the world that, once visited, get into your heart and won't go. For me, India is such a place. When I first visited, I was stunned by the richness of the land, by its lush beauty and exotic architecture, by its ability to overload the senses with the pure, concentrated intensity of its colors, smells, tastes, and sounds... I had been seeing the world in black & white and, when brought face-to-face with India, experienced everything re-rendered in brilliant technicolor."

Mark Twain: "So far as I am able to judge, nothing has been left undone, either by man or nature, to make India the most extraordinary country that the sun visits on his rounds. Nothing seems to have been forgotten, nothing overlooked."

Will Durant, American Historian: "India will teach us the tolerance and gentleness of mature mind, understanding spirit and a unifying, pacifying love for all human beings."

William James, American Author: "From the Vedas we learn a practical art of surgery, medicine, music, house building under which mechanized art is included. They are encyclopedia of every aspect of life, culture, religion, science, ethics, law, cosmology and meteorology."

Max Muller, German Scholar: "There is no book in the world that is so thrilling, stirring and inspiring as the Upanishads." ('Sacred Books of the East')

Dr Arnold Toynbee, British Historian: "It is already becoming clear that a chapter which had a Western beginning will have to have an Indian ending if it is not to end in the self-destruction of the human race. At this supremely dangerous moment in history, the only way of salvation for mankind is the Indian way."

Sir William Jones, British Orientalist: "The Sanskrit language, whatever be its antiquity is of wonderful structure, more perfect than the Greek, more copious than the Latin and more exquisitely refined than either."

P. Johnstone: "Gravitation was known to the Hindus (Indians) before the birth of Newton. The system of blood circulation was discovered by them centuries before Harvey was heard of."

Emmelin Plunret: "They were very advanced Hindu astronomers in 6000 because. Vedas contain an account of the dimension of Earth, Sun, Moon, Planets and Galaxies." ('Calendars and Constellations')

Sylvia Levi: "She (India) has left indelible imprints on one fourth of the human race in the course of a long succession of centuries. She has the right to reclaim... Her place amongst the great nations summarizing and symbolizing the spirit of humanity. From Persia to the Chinese sea, from the icy regions of Siberia to Islands of Java and Borneo, India has propagated her beliefs, her tales, and her civilization! "

Schopenhauer: "Vedas are the most rewarding and the most elevating book which can be possible in the world." (Works VI P.427)

Mark Twain: "India has two million gods, and worships them all. In religion all other countries are paupers; India is the only millionaire."

Colonel James Todd: "Where can we look for sages like those whose systems of philosophy were prototypes of those of Greece: to whose works Plato, Thales and Pythagorus were disciples? Where do I find astronomers whose knowledge of planetary systems yet excites wonder in Europe as well as the architects and sculptors whose works claim our admiration, and the musicians who could make the mind oscillate from joy to sorrow, from tears to smile with the change of modes and varied intonation? "

Lancelot Hogben: "There has been no more revolutionary contribution than the one which the Hindus (Indians) made when they invented ZERO." ('Mathematics for the Millions')

Wheeler Wilcox: "India - The land of Vedas, the remarkable works contain not only religious ideas for a perfect life, but also facts which science has proved true. Electricity, radium, electronics, airship, all were known to the seers who founded the Vedas."

W. Heisenberg, German Physicist: "After the conversations about Indian philosophy, some of the ideas of Quantum Physics that had seemed so crazy suddenly made much more sense."

Sir W. Hunter, British Surgeon: "The surgery of the ancient Indian physicians was bold and skilful. A special branch of surgery was dedicated to rhinoplasty or operations for improving deformed ears, noses and forming new ones, which European surgeons have now borrowed."

Sir John Woodroffe: "An examination of Indian Vedic doctrines shows that it is in tune with the most advanced scientific and philosophical thought of the West."

B.G. rele: "Our present knowledge of the nervous system fits in so accurately with the internal description of the human body given in the Vedas (5000 years ago). Then the question arises whether the Vedas are really religious books or books on anatomy of the nervous system and medicine." ('The Vedic Gods')

Adolf Seilachar & P.K. bose, scientists: "One Billion-Year-Old fossil prove life began in India: AFP Washington reports in Science Magazine that German Scientist Adolf Seilachar and Indian Scientist P.K. bose have unearthed fossil in Churhat a town in Madhya Pradesh, India which is 1.1 billion years old and has rolled back the evolutionary clock by more than 500 million years."

Will Durant, American Historian: "It is true that even across the Himalayan barrier India has sent to the west, such gifts as grammar and logic, philosophy and fables, hypnotism and chess, and above all numerals and the decimal system."
Ancient india must be the first because world's first planned cities were built in india (mohenjadaro and harappa), world's first sanitation system is found in india(3000 because). World's first dockyard is found in india(3000 bce, whereas trignometry (modern sine and cosine were stated by aryabhata nearly before 1500 years and he formulated the world's first sine table ), algebra (al khwarismi whop is credited for inventing modern algebra himself has stated it is the work of arjehir-aryabhat in arabic, many india books were translated to arabic since greece was in dark age during this period)), numeral system(ancient indians developed it and aryabhata perfected it),0(0 existed before millenias in india pingala stated the binary system with 0 but aryabhata and bhramagupta completed the work on 0), binary system(pingala), astronomical models(aryabhata, bhramagupta, bhaskaracharya all stated several helio centric models, nilakantha somayaji formulated tycho brahe model nearly 3 centuries before him, world's first astronomer was laghadha), calculus(madhavacharya found calculus 3 centuries before newton, the works of newton, james gregory and leibinz combinedly were invented by haskaracharya alone), pythagoras theorem(baudhayana prooved the theorem nearly 3 centuries before pythagoras was born), E.T.C. they were also the richest nations in the world(according to angus maddison a british economist india had the largest economy from 1ad till 1700ad).
World's oldest dam was built in India.. By our ancient engineers.. It's name is Kallanai.. India was much better before Britishers.. Even
[Newest]By my calculations India is more than 50000 because
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5Ancient China
The ancient Chinese were ahead in the game in virtually all aspects of civilization. They were one of the only prominent civilizations in ancient history that elected government officials through merit instead of wealth/family background.

It is essentially the only ancient empire that still survives in its near full prominence and cultural diaspora that influenced and stimulated the culture of the largest/most populous continent on the planet. No other empire has survived the test of time besides China because their 1.4 billion people truly believe they are one culture and ethnic group which took thousands of years of integrations to achieve (the English have been trying to convince the Irish and Scottish people that they are one culture for a thousand years and still have not accomplished it). For most of ancient and modern history, around 1/4 to 1/2 of the human population lived and died in the Chinese Empire. While in modern times, high birth rates/high populations might indicate an underdeveloped nation, in ancient times, this was an indication of enormous wealth, infrastructure and stability, and the Chinese population stems far from ancient times. India might be the next closest thing but it was achieved at the barrel of the English rifle only within the last century and a half.

During the Tang dynasty, the capital of Chang'an was the most populous and metropolitan city in the world (the world's first melting pot over 1000 years before the first Irish immigrants set foot in New York City), drawing in millions of people from all corners of the world from the Mongolian Steppe, the nomadic Turks, Tibetans, South East Asians, South Asians, Persians, Europeans, and the entire empire of China which was, geographically, about twice as large as it is today.

During the Ming Dynasty, at the height of China's wealth, the emperor would invite kings to Beijing and Nanjing of nearly 100 tributary states from as far away as modern day Turkey, sending fleets to pick up the kings and their company for a full round trip voyage to China and back, showering them with concubines, gifts and treasures that could rival the wealth of small nations.

Some people have this impression that the Chinese have been submissive to Europeans since the first developments of their international relations, but from Marco Polo's first visit to China in the 13th century, many European nations like Portugal, Spain, England, France, and the Dutch could but only admire China and even oftentimes paid tribute for about four hundred years until the English/French navy defeated and took Hong Kong from China in 1860 during the Opium Wars. For many Chinese, they consider the last 150 years a small hiccup in all of their history, having been overpowered by the strength of Europe and the US. Today, we see a modern China making up the second largest GDP and military power in the world, estimated to overtake the US as early as 2016 by the IMF, all the while, very much maintaining its ancient culture that beautifully blends with the modern world.
They were ahead of the europeans in astronomy and science, invented paper, gunpowder, seismograph, printing, silk and many other things. They had lots of infrastructure, the forbidden city looked so grand. They developed caligraphy, painting, literature, was advanced in metallurgy and pottery. They left the best pottery that the word china also means pottery. They also invented chopsticks and make their language written words look like pictures.
Ancient China has a big influence on the modern world. They had writing systems, agriculture and empires. Many historical sights are in China. They invented paper, printing, gunpowder, and the compass. They also discovered fire. Much of what is today has to do with Ancient China. Many places, things, and even buildings are related to the Ancient Chinese.
[Newest]China has contributed to the arts and science far more than any other civilization. China has been able to stand to this day. China is also home to the worlds most people and is still a world super power. Overall China is Amazing.

6Babylonian Empire
Babylonia was nothing compared to the Persian empires. Cyrus the great king of Persia was named the king of babylonia by the people. after he took charge of the city he freed the slaves and didn't kill even one civilian he didn't even kill the king.
In no way should the Babylonian empire be ranked higher than Persian. Persian ruled over this country for 1700 years and you'll find that babylonia developed richer during this 1700 years
Love this one! 😃

7Ancient Japan
Ancient Japan because they achieved total unification of japan and nearly took over china and korea
The Japanese synthesized Central Asian, Chinese, Polynesian and Indian cultures and religions took them to another level. Look at their companies (e.G., Sony and Toyota), WWII Navy and sushi.
Not very well known because of its cut-off trade system, but filled with knowledge, logic, and brilliant ideas. There were emperors, samurais and geishas. Fantastic paintings and art were created.
[Newest]Well first, they have ninjas, and second, they have ninjas

8Scandinavia in Viking Times
The Norse civilization should be number 1. The Norse people were Germanic people who settled in Scandinavia they had to live in one of the hardest places to farm and back then if you had a poor crop harvest you would starve but they got past that by raiding and trading with other European settlements to get food. The Vikings were also very good explorers and sailors being the first Europeans to discover Greenland and Canada. The Vikings could also navigate with the using the stars. Also The Viking's civilization never fell like Greece, Egypt and Times did they just stopped being Vikings when they were converted into Christians.
Scandinavia includes Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Iceland.

Not Finland they have more in common with cavemen than Scandinavians.
Vikings led fleets of longships throughout Europe in a campaign to invade and ransack other civilizations to obtain there resources. The vikings also discovered America before any other easterners, but due to lack of resources and personnel, left it and returned home. People may think of vikings as mindless savages, but in reality, their civilizations produced an enormous change in technology, seafaring abilities, and many other advancements.
[Newest]Because I'm Swedish they're the best!

9Sparta
This world was forged upon warfare, and who else to better represent the title "Best Ancient Civilization" than the greatest ancient military minded civilization? SPARTA
This is the most awesome civilization ever! Constantly striving for military excellence and their women enjoyed some of the best rights of any ancient civilization as well! I wish I could have seen what it was like!
Sparta is Greece but this is like a tribe and they were amazing they also had the greatest greek hero ever achilles
[Newest]Great ancient civilisation! Love it!

10Persia
Persians started the worlds first largest empire which was founded by morals. Persian kings did not believe in slavery and created the first declaration of human rights. They contributed so much to our world by creating the worlds first gardens, inventing wine, alcohol for medical use, and was the main influence for mediterranean food. They invented the kabob, birthday parties, the first monotheistic religion, the first feasts, domestication of horses, backgammon, their architectural influences spread to Europe, and etc. They have a history that dates back to almost 9, 000 years!
The word Persia itself invokes the ancient world. In terms of their contribution to civilization, their ancient civilization contributed more to humanity than any ancient civilization, including human rights, law, travel, culture, architecture, governmental system, commerce, art and music.
Persia is the best
[Newest]The most powerful people in three ancient world

The Contenders

11Ancient France
They were one of the only ancient civilizations to survive the Roman conquest.
The gauls themselves sacked rome
The franks and goths, both french and german, eliminated empires
They were vultures, and conquered collapsing empires, I myself would not take pride in that. Mainly barbaric tribes looking to pillage, rape and murder.

12Inca Empire
Should be higher up! Their roads rival that of Rome's and built many famous cities today, like Machu Picchu.
Should be higher up cause their awesome also I'm peruvian so I take this as an insult.And Machu Picchu is awesome and beautiful Incans were exellent farmers and warrior they conqured most of their enemies.
The Inca Empire was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America.
[newest]
Had ingenious engineering that led to wonders like Machu Picchu and had amazing roads.

13Ancient Macedonia
Ancient Macedonia was Greek.
Macedonia was greek go vote for ancient Greece instead

14Vikings
It a pirate and they usually sail steal people staff

15Ancient Spain (Andalusia)
Spain was one of the conquistadors of the world. HEHEHEHEHEHE. Its true. It had many colonies. Even near the American borders.

16Ancient Mesopatamia
It is very civilised and had the first written language half a millenium before heiroglyphics
Assyrians are one of the oldest civilizations and have shaped the future with their marvelous inventions duch as the most important the wheel they were also military masterminds there so much more proving they should be number 1

17Ancient Armenia
Ancient Armenia was a rocky land of ravines, rivers, rugged cliffs, and hundreds of stone monuments and churches.

De Morgan has said there are signs which show that the Armenians, as their other Aryan relatives, were nature worshipers and that this faith in time was later changed to the worship of national gods, of which many were the equivalents of the gods in the Roman, Greek and Persian cultures. The main proto-Armenian (Aryan) god was Ar, the god of Sun, Fire and Revival.
The Christian faith has preserved the nation of Armenia
I love Armenia, for me it's the best

18Aztec Empire
European disease practically wiped out all the grandeur of this highly civilized society which had not reached its peak when the Spaniard invaders destroyed it. Many criticize it for its practice of human sacrifice but the truth is most countries in Europe were killing more of their own people on a statistical level. Tenochtitlan was an enormous city that stunned the Europeans when they first saw it. It had public schools, universities, hospitals, a high level of social structure, education was free, it was bigger than any European city of its time. It was filled with botanical gardens none existing in Europe. Streets were clean unlike European cities with ankle deep sewage. Aztec poetry and philosophy was even more abundant than the better know Greek productions. It is also a myth that it was European superior technology that defeated the Mexica Empire. It was disease. 95 percent of the 80 million natives people of the Americas were wiped out in a few years after the arrival of the Europeans. And to think that most of the continent was not just highly populated but also highly developed with technologies unknown in Europe.
The Aztec empire had are among some of the most advanced native american civilizations they were particularly good in the fields of Architecture and Agriculture. Their capital city, Tenochtitlan, Had a population of approximately 200,000 and was much cleaner and healthier than most European cities of the time, also they didn't have rivers of feces running through their streets like that of London
Love the Aztec empire

19Ancient Turkey
Hello I like turkey and uh.. TURKEYS
As a Muslim I also duly respect the Ottoman Empire. Whatever were the reasons of its fall I feel that they have done a lot for Muslims
Ancient Turkey oO. There is not such thing. Unless you are speaking about ancient people (greeks mostly) that lived in the country of Turkey of today.

20Assyrian Empire
Known to have been one of the first civilizations to follow Christianity, most technologically advanced with more than one world wonder in their history
I'm learning about the Assyrian Empire in school. The Assyrians used ziggurats to worship their gods and held religious ceremonies to make food sacrifices. Note- they did not make human sacrifices- that's good!
For there time the Assyrians had some of the most powerful weapons in the world. The Assyrians were the first people in ancient mesopotamia to use Iron which allowed them to ruthlessly steamroll over just about everyone in there way.
[newest]
Very influential civilization, recent archeology shows that the hanging gardens may actually have been Assyrian not Babylonian

21Ancient Lebanon
Phoenicians, from the country that was called Phoenicia, were the first people to create tone alphabet, they named "Europe", invented transparent glass, had the first human rights and freedom political regime (similar to democracy, and Byblos (a city in Lebanon) is the oldest city in the world. Enough said.

22The Huns
The huns was good in hunting they were winner where when they versus ancient egypt

23Ancient Mayan
Smartest because of their knowledge of the stars and their hieroglyphs, also their pyramids were very complex
They may have told the end of the world also they were very smart civilization it basically came up with math they also lasted for a long time I don't know how long but they stayed a civilization for a long time.
That's not one of the top ten.
[Newest]By far more prolific and deserving than some on your list.

24Ancient Atlantis
Atlantis is the 49th state
Atlantis is real don't cha know?!?

25Ancient Pakistan
IT was great civilization of Pakistan. this civilization had all characteristics of civilization like sense of value, reason, creativity, politeness and individualism. this civilization is the example of Androgymy.
Coolest civilization It had the hardest to learn writing and no one knows what they wrote
It was in India. So it is included in India

26Ancient Syria

27Ancient Iraq
12. Banking activities:

Banking originated in Mesopotamia in Babylon first temples then palaces provided a safe place for the storage of valuables. Initially deposits of grain were accepted & later other goods including cattle, agricultural implements, then precious metals.
The world " s first and greatest civilization.

28Ancient Israel
Israel (The Jewish people, taught the world to believe in one god, wrote the history of the world as well as that of the Jewish people, documented the creation of the universe, all in the Bible. The ultimate alpha civilization. (or shall I say, "aleph" civilization! Israel is the common denominator for more coutries than any other civilization in the world, even surpassing Greece!
Israel spread belief in one god, conquered all of the nations in Israel, and the Davidic dynasty helped Israel develop into one of the greatest civilizations of all time.

29Armenian Empire

30Ancient Korea
The complex history between the 3 kingdoms was interesting an important to the future of Korea. Baekje, Gorgoryeo, and Silla were important, and well as the achievements of the Goryeo dynasty.
Everyone! 1 Think of Gangnam Style and Gentleman!

Also, Korean history is long with many conflicts with the Chinese, and the Korean were able to defeat China and Japan!

It grew up to have the fastest internet in the world GO Korea!

31Ancient Australia (Aboriginal)

32Jerusalem in BC

33Ancient Illyria
Is the older than "greek civilization
Ancients illyria, lydian, Macedonia, spertan, and lots of them they are greek city's state

34Minoan Civilization
The Minoans had a very advanced civilization for their time. Lavish palaces with the first flush toilets, plumbing very similar to our own and sewer systems in the streets. Advanced art. Advanced commerce. Many historians say they were atlantis as their island was destroyed by an eruption followed by a tsunami.

35Roman Republic
Like the Roman Empire and all of its accomplishments, but way better because of the freedom its citizens and allies enjoyed. The Roman Republic was all about liberty and were very isolationist at heart but by policy, were protectorates of its allies. Most people believed that the Empire and the Republic were the same warmongering states but they would be wrong. For example, the Greeks attacked, asked for aid and were extremely ungrateful to the Romans. The Romans defeated the armies of Pyrrus, Antiochus, Philip and many others who threatened the security of the Romans or the Greeks. After beating down the enemy, Rome allowed them to live and offered friendship and freedom. 5 times they declared all conquered Greeks cities free! And did not demand any compensation for the hard fought wars the Romans fought in. Would War mongers do this? No. Its because the Roman Republic was an Empire of Trust (Thomas F. Madden) not of Conquest! That is why the Roman Republic is the greatest civilization.

36Prussian Empire
It was one of the contributers to WW2.

37Hittites
Hittites are anatolian people that lived around 18th century because they have stylish buiildings they should be voted as the best and they just have good stylish buildings

38Ancient Indus
The Indust valley was one of the great ancient civilizations.

39Germanic Tribes
Germanic tribes defeated rome
The Germans actually were the first astronomers look up the goseck circle and the Nebraska sky disk you will see

40Carthage
Despite being located in an area surrounded by savage groups, Carthage managed to domesticate elephants, take over Spain, defeat the Gauls, climb Europe's highest mountains, and nearly defeat Rome under the rule of Hannibal Barca.

41Ancient Scotland

42Ancient Chad
Short stubby people
Found in ancient China

43Ancient Zapotecs
This should be higher up. They had advanced technology and are not too obscure. also they are very interesting.
They were an interesting society

44Jomon

45Ancient Italy

46Moinamato Civilization
It is in Bangladesh now. From the 7th to 12th centuries the Mahayana sect found a golden era in Bangladesh, great Buddhist monasteries in Paharpur, Somapura, Jagaddal, Vikrampur, Pattikeraha were established. Scholars like Sree Dipankar Atish, Shilabadra, Shantiraksit appeared in Bangladesh and their scholastic works were towards the Mahayana school, which ultimately absorbed Tantricism

47Lemuria
The sunken continent of Tamil Nadu which is still in the underground. The first evolution started and first literature written

48Ancient Georgia

49Mesopotamia

50Sumerian Civilization
The Sumerian civilization is one of the greatest... We learn a lot from them, so please vote because it deserves to be on top 10.

51Etruscan Civilization

52The Muslims
The Muslims conquered North Africa, the Middle East, and even parts of Europe. An unstoppable fighting force that threatened the West and defended their cities well during the Crusades.

53Ancient Empire of Morocco
They ruled all West Africa and Iberia ( Spain & Portugal )
They kidnapped a million europpeans to be sold on moroccan markets ( that's why there's many moroccan families who looks like europpeans )
Robinson Crusoe got first kidnapped by them and taken to Salé ( Morocco ).

54Numidia
The empire wich made Massylia & masayssiliya united, Tamazgha on north Africa, Capital ( Cirta ), they are famous of having the most powerful knights of all times

55Umayyad Caliphate
One of the most great era of Muslims. They have the great scientist, philosphers, warriors, docters, tecnology of that time like manginiac. They ruled about aone thousand year at entire world.

56Iroquois

57Indus Valley Civilization

58The Spartans
In Sparta, if a human did not seem fit to be a warrior or deformed they were thrown off a mountain. In Sparta you had to be perfect. These soldiers were almost invincible. The went through rigorous training women and men at a young age to prepare them to fight anything. Men, women, and children all had to be able to fight for their nation. At the battle of Thermopylae the Spartans were greatly outnumbered. The Persians fought with almost 100,000 men but there were only a few hundred Spartans. Though the Spartans lost, the Persians suffered great losses as well.

59The Huns/Mongols
Under the rule of Attila the Hun the Barbarian group called the Huns could quickly sweep through towns in just a matter of minutes. Attila and the Huns conquered most of Europe and weakened Rome. Genghis Khan the ruler of the Mongols conquered more than twice as much land as Rome in only a few decades. Rome on the other hand took almost 1000 years to conquer only a fraction of the land the Mongols could.

60The Macedonians
Under the rule of Alexander the Great the Macedonians were able to conquer the greatest empire of their time, The Persians. It also took them very little time to conquer so much land.

61The Romans/Byzantines
Let's just say this: If your military can conquer most of the civilized world it must be pretty good.

62The Franks
When ruled by Charlemagne, the Franks were an unstoppable fighting force that trampled Europe in an attempt to covert all pagans to Christianity. Charlemagne conquered most of the continent and also defeated the Lombards, the Goths, and the Saxons who were Barbarian groups that were all very good at fighting.

63The Persians
The Persians were such a great fighting force they could march into Babylon not not opposed and take the city as their own and conquering the greatest empire in the region. The Persians conquered the Egyptians and found creative ways to cross into Europe.

64The Assyrians
One thing that probably made the Assyrians so great at fighting was their philosophy that if they ever lost a battle their empire would crumble and end. The Assyrians seemed invincible and conquered the entire region. The Assyrians were able to strike fear Into the hearts of their enemies. The Assyrians were also one of the most brutal peoples.

65The Carthaginians
The Carthaginians were led by Hannibal Barca one of the greatest generals of all time. This military could crush the Romans in many battles when the Carthaginians were outnumbered and when the enemy had the advantage. They will forever be known as the nation that brought Rome to its knees.

66The Babylonians
When ruled by Nebuchadnezzar, the Babylonians conquered most of the nations in their region. One of them were the one invincible Assyrians. The Babylonians were rulers of a very hard to control region.

67Ancient Africa
Ancient Africa has a lot of interesting art and archeological finds. Ancient Africa should be one of the top ten! Although it is kind of boring as most of the artifacts were pieces of art and fabric/clothing designs.
Basically, human evolution started in Africa so it should be in the top ten. I think it's really important.
The world owes it being to Africa, the mother of absolutely all civilizations. There could be no Rome, Israelite, Greek or any other civilization with the great ancient civilizations of Africa
[Newest]I also wrote this

68Ancient Ethiopia
Ethiopian civilization is among the oldest ones. Why is it at the bottom? You can never change history. Ethiopian civilization manifested at least 10 times longer than the current western "civilization" as written history shows. Civil war and tribal competitions have led to the current condition of Ethiopia. Set facts straight!
The list shows the obvious bias towards the west. If there is justice in history, Ancient Ethiopia, especially the Axumite Civilization should be among the very top.
Lots of history in Ethiopia for the none mediocre people it should be one of the top.
[Newest]Ethiopia is best country

69England in Middle Ages

70Mongolia
They ran from almost France to the pacific in a window of only 20 years, epic.
Conquered one 5th of the world
They pretty much covered half of the world with there civilization.

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This list was created 3 years, 0 days ago and has been voted on over 1,000 times. This top ten list has been remixed 6 times.

Updated Thursday, October 23, 2014


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