Best Ancient Civilizations

The Top Ten

1 Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece is the most influential civilizations in the world. They created everything what we believe in today and what we do today.
Language, typography, philosophy, architecture, history, science, geography to astronomy, art, beauty and much more.

53.000 words in this world is Greek of origin. And Greeks invented so many things most people don't even know.

-53.000 words in the world is Greek of origin. (Greek language today is the richest in the world with over 800.000 words. The number 2 in the world has only 250.000)
-The musical notation system that we use everywhere in the world
-Typography (line length, leading, tracking, point size, typefaces
-Epic poetry
-The science of philosophy
-Humanism
-Democracy
-Development of Mathematics
-Automatic doors
-Diving bells
-First alphabet with vowels
-Hippocratic Oath
-Science of history
-Logic
-Mythology
-Science of Anthropology
-Coined money
-The Olympic ...more

Greece is the founder of Western civilization and also the most influential one, they invented so many things its impossible to write them in a paragraph. Romans copied everything from the Greeks the Romans were deeply enamoured with Greek culture they regarded Greece as the mother of all knowledge, they adopted their religion, architecture, philosophies even the rich aristocrats hired Greek teachers for their kids

A lot of Ancient Greek influence can be found all over the world. Democracy started in Greece, Theatre was created there and trade played a big part during that time period, which influenced our trading strategies.

Greece forged a VAST empire, stretching from Macedonia in the west and Egypt to the South, and India to the east.

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2 Ancient Egypt

Simply the best ancient civilization.
For the pyramids only Egyptian civilization will forever be known as the pinnacle the ancient peoples' achievement.

I think Egyptians are one of the great people and have the most good civilization. They've been good with everything and I believe they deserve this vote considering.

The Norse were evolved from the barbarians who sapped away at Rome. Rome stole from Greece when it came to culture, architecture, and even land. Greece, of course, stole from Egypt- which was been a continually habitable nation for nearly six thousand years. While each of these peoples have drawn inspiration from others, only Egypt stands by itself- it is the foundation that holds up all Western civilization. It is a civilization that made unparalleled progress in a land that was not even able to provide any wood, let alone provide nourishment to a civilization that would stand for millennia. The last of the standing Wonders of the World belong to Egypt- and, it is considerably older than all of the ones that rose and fell after it. Most of their achievements are a mystery to people even today, to attest to their creativity and unending ingenuity.

There is no other ancient civilization that conveys as much a sense of mystery, power, and awe, as much as ancient Egypt. Even though Greece was an amazing civilization, I don't think they deserve the top spot, their culture and knowledge is largely taken from Egypt when Hellenism took hold in Alexandria and brought home the Egyptian way of life. Furthermore, I see many people talk of Democracy in Ancient Greece, I think this is fairly illogical, while they did have democracy it was only for land owning men. Their freedom was a lie.

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3 Ancient Rome

The roots of Western Civilization developed from histories longest lived civilization (500BC-1493AD). The decline and fall of the western part of the empire in 476AD, and the 1000 year chaos which followed (i.E. the dark ages) exemplify the importance of this once great empire. The Romans adapted foreign customs, ideas and people into their own. The were the first republic, and model for every republic to follow. With Rome lay the roots of western language, government, architecture and religion.

The history of modern nations such as the United States, mirrors Rome to a "T". Rome was founded as a result of resistance to the opposition and tyranny of their Etruscan overlords. The Roman's in founding their new nation swore never again to have a king. The government they established for their fledgling nation was named SPQR (latin translation: The Senate of the People for the People of Rome) was to serve that purpose. Sound familiar?

Ultimately national security ...more

Rome: 753BC-509BC: kingdom, 509-27BC: republic, 27BC-395AD: united empire, 395-480AD: western roman empire, 395-1453: Eastern roman empire.

Let's not forget the Pax Romana, a 200 year golden age of Europe (27BC-180AD), where the roman empire brought peace on a never seen before scale to the world. During this time, justice and law was brought to Europe. Almost all of the provinces never experienced war, except for Britain, Judea and Syria. And even then, Romans quickly brought things back under control. They also expanded the known world, trading with the Irish, all the way to the Chinese.

Not only that, but women in the empire also had a new power. They were able to own businesses, lead shipping companies, and pretty much everything else but the military and politics, (and even then several wormed their way into them.) we even have a few records of female surgeons!

The roman empire brought technology to a new levels. They had aqueducts dozens of kilometers long, ...more

Rome was the greatest civilization of all time; Rome greatly increased technological levels in Europe and made European empires possible. Art flourished, Rome nearly united the known world, and we still feel the influence of Roman Christianity today. Heck, Rome CONQUERED Greece and Egypt. 'enough said.

Nothing compares to the Roman Empire. Even in modern times, the Romans would be very impressive and powerful. They had sophisticated technology, military, methods of transportation, government, etc. and lasted for many hundreds of years. Their cities and castles and roads are still in existence as well. Probably China, Greece, an Egypt would be the only civilizations coming anywhere close to the immense power of Rome.

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4 Ancient Georgia

Its very old nation and very old country

The bravest nation in the world

The oldest in the country, state and the ancient tradition.

Oldest europeans

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5 Ancient China

The ancient Chinese were ahead in the game in virtually all aspects of civilization. They were one of the only prominent civilizations in ancient history that elected government officials through merit instead of wealth/family background.

It is essentially the only ancient empire that still survives in its near full prominence and cultural diaspora that influenced and stimulated the culture of the largest/most populous continent on the planet. No other empire has survived the test of time besides China because their 1.4 billion people truly believe they are one culture and ethnic group which took thousands of years of integrations to achieve (the English have been trying to convince the Irish and Scottish people that they are one culture for a thousand years and still have not accomplished it). For most of ancient and modern history, around 1/4 to 1/2 of the human population lived and died in the Chinese Empire. While in modern times, high birth rates/high populations might ...more

They were ahead of the europeans in astronomy and science, invented paper, gunpowder, seismograph, printing, silk and many other things. They had lots of infrastructure, the forbidden city looked so grand. They developed caligraphy, painting, literature, was advanced in metallurgy and pottery. They left the best pottery that the word china also means pottery. They also invented chopsticks and make their language written words look like pictures.

Ancient China has a big influence on the modern world. They had writing systems, agriculture and empires. Many historical sights are in China. They invented paper, printing, gunpowder, and the compass. They also discovered fire. Much of what is today has to do with Ancient China. Many places, things, and even buildings are related to the Ancient Chinese.

I'm CHINESE, DUH

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6 Ancient India

World's oldest university takshashila (700 bce) was in india

Will Durant, American historian: "India was the motherland of our race, and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages: she was the mother of our philosophy; mother, through the Arabs, of much of our mathematics; mother, through the Buddha, of the ideals embodied in Christianity; mother, through the village community, of self-government and democracy. Mother India is in many ways the mother of us all".

Mark Twain, American author: "India is, the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only."

Albert Einstein, American scientist: "We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made."

Max ...more

Ancient india must be the first because world's first planned cities were built in india (mohenjadaro and harappa), world's first sanitation system is found in india(3000 because). World's first dockyard is found in india(3000 bce, whereas trignometry (modern sine and cosine were stated by aryabhata nearly before 1500 years and he formulated the world's first sine table ), algebra (al khwarismi whop is credited for inventing modern algebra himself has stated it is the work of arjehir-aryabhat in arabic, many india books were translated to arabic since greece was in dark age during this period)), numeral system(ancient indians developed it and aryabhata perfected it),0(0 existed before millenias in india pingala stated the binary system with 0 but aryabhata and bhramagupta completed the work on 0), binary system(pingala), astronomical models(aryabhata, bhramagupta, bhaskaracharya all stated several helio centric models, nilakantha somayaji formulated tycho brahe model nearly 3 ...more

World's oldest dam was built in India.. By our ancient engineers.. It's name is Kallanai.. India was much better before Britishers.. Even

I would arguably say that ancient India is the greatest ancient civilization. Ancient India has many great achievements in the areas of architecture, medicine, mathematics, literature, astronomy, and warfare. In terms of architecture, India has many amazing sites such as the Taj Mahal, the Golden Temple, and various ancient Hindu temples. The oldest reservoir for irrigation was built in Saurashtra, India. One of the oldest cities in the world, Mohenjo-Daro had running water and flushing toilets for every single home in the city. In regards to medicine, India had the oldest med school called Ayurveda, which was build 2500 years ago. Sushruta was the "Father of Surgery" and he conducted many complicated surgeries such as cesareans, artificial limbs, and brain surgery. Anesthesia was also widely used in these processes. In terms of math, ancient Indians invented the number "0", the decimal point, and algebra. Sanskrit is one of the oldest languages in the world and is closely linked to ...more - rapaddict97

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7 Persia

The word Persia itself invokes the ancient world. In terms of their contribution to civilization, their ancient civilization contributed more to humanity than any ancient civilization, including human rights, law, travel, culture, architecture, governmental system, commerce, art and music.

Persians started the worlds first largest empire which was founded by morals. Persian kings did not believe in slavery and created the first declaration of human rights. They contributed so much to our world by creating the worlds first gardens, inventing wine, alcohol for medical use, and was the main influence for mediterranean food. They invented the kabob, birthday parties, the first monotheistic religion, the first feasts, domestication of horses, backgammon, their architectural influences spread to Europe, and etc. They have a history that dates back to almost 9, 000 years!

The concept of loving the motherland in a multiracial country was started in Persia. Persian ancient patriot myths are outstanding. People from different ethnic groups who get together and scarify themselves for each other are seen in Persian stories. But regardless of these things, Persian poetry is outstanding. Just do some research about it...

Awesome like a boss

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8 Aztec Empire

The Aztec empire had are among some of the most advanced native american civilizations they were particularly good in the fields of Architecture and Agriculture. Their capital city, Tenochtitlan, Had a population of approximately 200,000 and was much cleaner and healthier than most European cities of the time, also they didn't have rivers of feces running through their streets like that of London

European disease practically wiped out all the grandeur of this highly civilized society which had not reached its peak when the Spaniard invaders destroyed it. Many criticize it for its practice of human sacrifice but the truth is most countries in Europe were killing more of their own people on a statistical level. Tenochtitlan was an enormous city that stunned the Europeans when they first saw it. It had public schools, universities, hospitals, a high level of social structure, education was free, it was bigger than any European city of its time. It was filled with botanical gardens none existing in Europe. Streets were clean unlike European cities with ankle deep sewage. Aztec poetry and philosophy was even more abundant than the better know Greek productions. It is also a myth that it was European superior technology that defeated the Mexica Empire. It was disease. 95 percent of the 80 million natives people of the Americas were wiped out in a few years after the arrival of the ...more

The Spanish conquistadors destroyed what could have become one of the most incredible empires of all time, actually they did that with a few, damn them classless conquistadors!

Just imagine how amazing central america could look today...

Hi

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9 The Spartans

Small yet mighty, no warriors in history ever did or ever will outmatch the men of Sparta. Having trained since the age of seven, their military career ended either when they reached an old enough age that they could not fight too well (most likely their mid-sixties), or it simply ended when they died. In their daily lives, they took up no other work except being soldiers everything they did was geared towards warfare, even the music they listened too. They trained every day from when the sun rose in the East to when it set in the West, and the training was the harshest known to man to this day from he youngest of ages, the boys were beaten near to death, flogged to test endurance and in most cases were killed during training. Once training was complete (after some 15 years of none-stop surviving) only then would they be given citizenship. And then there's the legacy of Leonidas and the 300 at Thermopylae which has become legend, an almost unbelievable story of courage, duty and ...more

This world was forged upon warfare, and who else to better represent the title "Best Ancient Civilization" than the greatest ancient military minded civilization? SPARTA

This is the most awesome civilization ever! Constantly striving for military excellence and their women enjoyed some of the best rights of any ancient civilization as well! I wish I could have seen what it was like!

Vikings would smash the puny little Spartans any day of the week

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10 The Huns/Mongols

Although Mongols and Huns are considered by some to be barbaric without influential cultural artifacts etc. they should be considered VERY INFLUENTIAL in world history by the fact that they had huge impact on the forming of nowadays Great Nations (Such as China, Russia and so on. ) Also if we consider Military to be a achievement, the military of Mongols and Huns should be considered the "Tour de force" of Human kind.
And Yes they were mass killers, they threatened the So called Cultured civilizations
But it was what they did to survive with their land of harsh, the leftover lands of cold and hot. Seriously People been choosing to live in Hawaii rather than anchorage.

I like Greece. I have been there few years ago during the Christmas. It was really amazing there. Even though people were in winter clothes I was walking in only my suits. The air, the place, just amazing. And I have seen Acropolis. But for me, the place where it was built was more interesting than the temple itself. But my points is that they managed to do something that many great civilizations wanted to do but couldn't. Even though they have bad reputation but they contributed many things to human history. Also they left traces of their culture all over Eurasia. So I vote for Mongols and the Huns.

Under the rule of Attila the Hun the Barbarian group called the Huns could quickly sweep through towns in just a matter of minutes. Attila and the Huns conquered most of Europe and weakened Rome. Genghis Khan the ruler of the Mongols conquered more than twice as much land as Rome in only a few decades. Rome on the other hand took almost 1000 years to conquer only a fraction of the land the Mongols could.

Hi

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The Contenders

11 Inca Empire

A culturally rich empire because assimilated many cultures, their socioeconomically and political system was very developed making the Inca empire very organize for their time. In times where in other parts of world suffered from starvation, the Incas had food reserves for the bad times making their population virtually impervious to hunger or famine. They had a tax system called the "mita" which was a labor tax system. The Inca empire covered a very large geographical area, in fact the largest in the Americas and included countries such Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina. They had a very develop system of canals and aqueducts that provided with irrigation and filtered water to their population. They probably were one of a very few develop ancient civilizations that did not communicate with writing (because they did not know it) but an alternative way to store communication called the "Quipus". Their constructions are (still standing) are out fo this world.

Should be higher up! Their roads rival that of Rome's and built many famous cities today, like Machu Picchu.

Despite being several thousand years behind Spain in technology they managed to hold them off for quite a while even defeating the Spanish in several battles.

Great engineering advances. The intercommunication between their principal cities it's quite admirible even today. They could unite different cultures under one empire, and they had an interesting method for that.

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12 Scandinavia in Viking Times

The Norse civilization should be number 1. The Norse people were Germanic people who settled in Scandinavia they had to live in one of the hardest places to farm and back then if you had a poor crop harvest you would starve but they got past that by raiding and trading with other European settlements to get food. The Vikings were also very good explorers and sailors being the first Europeans to discover Greenland and Canada. The Vikings could also navigate with the using the stars. Also The Viking's civilization never fell like Greece, Egypt and Times did they just stopped being Vikings when they were converted into Christians.

Vikings led fleets of longships throughout Europe in a campaign to invade and ransack other civilizations to obtain there resources. The vikings also discovered America before any other easterners, but due to lack of resources and personnel, left it and returned home. People may think of vikings as mindless savages, but in reality, their civilizations produced an enormous change in technology, seafaring abilities, and many other advancements.

Scandinavia includes Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Iceland.

Not Finland they have more in common with cavemen than Scandinavians.

its cool

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13 Vikings Vikings The Minnesota Vikings are an American football team based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The Vikings joined the National Football League as an expansion team in 1960, and first took the field for the 1961 season.

The Minnesota Vikings are the best ancient civilization. They built amphitheaters to rival the Romans! A lot more comfortable too. Just sad they never figured out how to do gladiator fights. Maybe they don't have enough slaves. - virtuallyvirtuous

Vikings created Thor one of the best avengers and Loki the sexiest villain lol

Why is the football team's logo on here? - SirSkeletorThe3rd

Hey I'm just the one who uploaded the image for a football team not for ancient history not my fault I'm not the admin. - htoutlaws2012

I fink fer kikins wer kwite epic because hawns r reeli hevi

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14 Ancient Japan

Not very well known because of its cut-off trade system, but filled with knowledge, logic, and brilliant ideas. There were emperors, samurais and geishas. Fantastic paintings and art were created.

Japan should be higher on the list because it has more to offer. I literally looked up how is Japan the most influential civilization and this appears and what does Japan get, NUMBER 9! I think it should at least be in the top 5. So reconsider what you have done. :T

I'm voting Japan because we are always forgotten by people from the west...
Ancient Greece was pretty great but EVERYTHING came from them!?!? Western-centralized thinking...

I think you forgot about *ahem Asia ahem*; Japan was the only civilization that the Mongols tried to attack TWO times and gave up. During this time Europe had the dark ages.. such a collapse that the Mongols didn't even think it was worth invading.

Japan has one of the richest traditions in the world from art to warfare to innovation. Ancient Japan is where it's at.

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15 Babylonian Empire

Wow calm down Persia was inspired by Babylon and it was older plus Babylon did well without one great King

They invented so much that helped modern ideas

I have read that is is the worlds first country

yeh

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16 Ancient Mayan

Smartest because of their knowledge of the stars and their hieroglyphs, also their pyramids were very complex

They may have told the end of the world also they were very smart civilization it basically came up with math they also lasted for a long time I don't know how long but they stayed a civilization for a long time.

By far more prolific and deserving than some on your list.

Smartest

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17 Ancient Israel

Introduced free healthcare in the form of hospitals, Baghdad was once the largest city in the world, famous for astrology, mathematics (where algebra came from), and knowledge with the first public libraries. Welcomed religions from all over the world to live as one. A city ahead of its time

One of the most incredible nations in the world especially the tale of its fall and its establishment as a independent nation.

A lot of what we know about our world comes from Israel. Monotheism, the law, judges all of these had their beginnings with Israel. Christianity had its roots in Israel and it's impact on the world has been tremendous.

Zoroastrianism is thought to be founded in the 10th century however the Jewish nation is known to have existed in Egypt before the reign of Ramesses II and the reign of Tutankhamen (the boy king) in the 13th century because where they had already established a Monotheistic Religion, this was not the Modern Judaism. This is confirmed by the Historian Flavius Josephus in the 1st century AD. The book of the Heavenly cow which was painted in the tomb of Tutankhamen is thought to indicate the Exodus where the 'Rebels' flee to the Desert where they eventually die. Influence of Egyptian Culture can also be seen in the Jewish holy texts including the incident with the Golden Calf in the book of Exodus.

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18 Ancient Macedonia

Ancient Macedonia was Greek.

Macedonia was greek go vote for ancient Greece instead

There is no Ancient Macedonia as a civilization, there is Ancient Greece. Great Alexander was Macedonian his father Philip the second united all ancient Greek states to one. so Macedonian and sparta are parts from Greece

"AHEIRAH"! shouted the Spartans as the charged into battle!

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19 Ancient Mesopatamia

They have such an interesting variety of inventions because of the war

It is very civilised and had the first written language half a millenium before heiroglyphics

It is spelled Mesopotamia not mesopatamia - lbelle0527

cool

V 6 Comments
20 Roman Republic

Like the Roman Empire and all of its accomplishments, but way better because of the freedom its citizens and allies enjoyed. The Roman Republic was all about liberty and were very isolationist at heart but by policy, were protectorates of its allies. Most people believed that the Empire and the Republic were the same warmongering states but they would be wrong. For example, the Greeks attacked, asked for aid and were extremely ungrateful to the Romans. The Romans defeated the armies of Pyrrus, Antiochus, Philip and many others who threatened the security of the Romans or the Greeks. After beating down the enemy, Rome allowed them to live and offered friendship and freedom. 5 times they declared all conquered Greeks cities free! And did not demand any compensation for the hard fought wars the Romans fought in. Would War mongers do this? No. Its because the Roman Republic was an Empire of Trust (Thomas F. Madden) not of Conquest! That is why the Roman Republic is the greatest ...more

For hal a Milaniom this war machine had the most professional army of its time.

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