Greatest Civilizations of All Time
The Top Ten
I'm Italian and from Roma, so maybe that's why I'm quite biased with my vote.
Rome is truly the Greatest Civilization! Oh yeah Roman-haters will say "But Rome copied Greek art & culture, they don't have their own arts blah blah blah", well I acknowledge the influences of Greek culture & art on Roman culture & art, but do not insult Rome because of this. Actually Rome has its own unique art, especially in architecture, sculpture & painting(wall-painting). Roman architecture is varied, and it is a unique mix of Etruscan and other Italic architectures and Greek architecture, Romans invented Domes, arches and vaults and many more architectural styles that became a trend in the ancient world/antiquity and even in the Renaissance and today! Renaissance architecture continued the Roman legacy in architecture, because Italy still admires her predecessor.
In sculpture, Rome is the best, though it was influenced greatly by greek art it is still unique. Roman sculpture were ...more
If Rome did not fall, we would be thousands of years more advanced. We probably would have had the industrial revolution around 500 AD.
Rome is truly one of the greatest examples of a great civilization. Their technological advancements and adeptness in conquering made them one of the most superior empires Europe (probably the world) has ever seen. It is truly a shame that Rome fell, one of the greatest tragedies in all of humanity. If Rome just didn't adopt Christianity and were somehow able to conquer the barbarians, we could have skipped the medieval and renaissance eras. We wouldn't have had the Black Plague in Europe, because Rome was already so advanced in medicine, that who knows how cleanly they would be in future years.
Though it is difficult not to compare Rome so easily to Greece, what with Greece's own artistic and scientific advancement as well as the great Macedonian empire, they were not nearly as influential or contiguous as the amazing and marveling ...more
The Romans were united unlike the Greeks who were busy fighting each other in Civil wars. The Romans were masters at making alliances and knew how to spread the wealth.
It all started with Octavian Augustas Caesar who created the Praetorian Guards who protected the emperor and if future Emperors jeopardized the Empire they would get eliminated just like Caligula. Unfortunately Mehmet the second came along in 1453 with his cannons putting and end to the great Roman Empire.
The Roman Empire was not as great at politics as you think, the normal senator put most of their time into spending money on public buildings, streets, etc. the main politicians that were actually properly political were the magistratus, consul, and praetors. Also the Romans weren't actually as great as they seem. Although the Romans outstanding organization and far more developed technology also numbers gave them the upper-hand in battle against the Barbarians, the Romans had to big of a habit of underestimating their opponents, eventually leading to their destruction and though a the Romans also were the only empire to unite all the Medditerian, they just didn't have the strength to manage their land leading to them being split apart and becoming easy prey to the less-developed, Strategic, and strong tribe in the area. The Romans also completely copied their religion to a similarity that only an idiot would think that it's real. They also had copied valuable tactics of the people ...more
Egypt was the first country to be unified and ruled by the law. Not only did their inventions help them to live, but some of them are still used to this day. Some of the oldest inventions return to 40000 years ago, when the first cups, forks, knives and spoons appeared, while some were just invented before the fall of the Roman Empire. Some of the inventions are known to be Egyptian such as papyrus paper, but there are some others which you'll be surprised to know that they are even that old.
One of the oldest and most important inventions was the twisted rope. It was invented about 19000 years ago. The twisted rope helped the ancient Egyptians make tools for farming and fighting in battles. The discovery of farming around the Nile Valley enabled the ancient people to settle in the area which is now Egypt. The ancient Egyptians also used the calendar, invented in the year 4236 B.C., to organize farming according to the Nile water level, this helped them to minimize crop losses when ...more
Don't you guys notice that when you research on anything, they tell you Ancient Egypt was the first to do that thing, and that this thing was first practiced in Ancient Egypt, and that thing was first documented in Ancient Egypt and that this has been around at least during the times of Ancient Egypt and that so so and so was discovered in Ancient Egypt. Almost everything we use today; the prototype first emerged from Ancient Egypt.
The ancient Egyptian civilization power didn't depend on its military power as most of all other ancient civilizations. A great advances in engineering, medicine, and astronomy were achieved by the ancient Egyptians. The enormous Giza pyramids standing in its place since 5000 years prove the superior ability of ancient Egyptians in engineering and astronomy. In addition, the ancient Egyptians showed an non-comparative mercy with their enemies compared with other civilizations in the ancient era.
Ancient Egypt should be number one. Many Greek philosophers studied in Egypt and were highly influenced by ancient Egypt. Recent studies has shown that the Egyptians were the ones who invented Ports. Something very important and still used today. They also had high heels around the 35th century because. Egyptians were the first to invent philosophy, mathematics, clothing, furniture, arts, clocks and the modern calendar, the alphabet and writing, writing instruments, cosmetics, paper, science, levers, ships, fortresses surgery, and so many other achievements. They are even the first centralised civilisation in the world. During their time Greece and Rome were barbarians living in dark ages. Rome didn't even exist as Rome then! There's a reason why Egyptian doctors were hired all over the world. They could treat CANCER and had knowledge of plastic surgery as well as prosthetics. The pyramids were the tallest structures on earth before the 1300 ADs. Recent archaeology has shown Egyptians ...more
Most if not all civilizations achieved their greatness mainly through power and suppression of others. Greece did so by the power of the mind and ideas. That is why the impact of its civilization is 'diachronico' diachronic as is the Greek language. The Roman Empire would not be nearly as important if not from its borrowings of artistic scientific and humanistic disciplines religion and mythology from Greece. Venus would not exist if not for Aphrodite. Roman children were taught by greek teachers and philosophers. Renaissance was an example of Greece's diachronic influence as was the Byzantine empire before that. The world would be very different if not for the fall off Byzantine Konstantinopole (the Greece of the Roman empire) that was plunged in to darkness by the Ottomans for more than five hundred years while the rest of Europe moved forward spearheaded by 'renaissance 'and the exploration of the 'new world' which unfortunately resulted in the total distraction of more than 80 ...more
Ancient Greece was the greatest civilization in history without a doubt. The proof is in the putting. Not only is it the basis for Western culture, it also formed the foundation for the Free World. Systems like a democracy and a republic all came from Hellenic freedom. It was also the first known civilization that embraced naturalism. The great pre-socratic philosophers debunked ancient myths and tried to explain everything without the need for superstition. It lead into the first real scientific golden era. You can't even begin to think about mathematics without thinking about the Greeks. Socrates gave us a method of critical thinking, which is indispensable. Plato changed politics forever, and Aristotle revolutionized education. There are almost endless examples of great ancient Greek thinkers, visionaries and heroes that changed the world. Not in the least Alexander the Great. I can go on and on about how enlightened and important ancient Greece was. But let me put it this way, a ...more
One of two principle bases (along with Roman Empire) of Western Civilization
Russia is known as the third Rome but who was the second? The answer is of coarse the Byzantine empire(Greek part of the Roman empire). Although Byzantine was known as the second Rome it had nothing to do with how great and powerful the empire was. Just stop to think that if that was the case then Rome should have been known as the second Greece. In fact Byzantine was known as the second Rome because the emperors of Byzantine were the successors of the Roman emperors. Then the Chars of Russia were the successors of the Byzantine emperors.
Rome copied Greece a lot! But if they hadn't copied Greece then lots of Greek culture would have been lost.
The toughest warriors were Greek, the smartest philosophers, mathematicians, scientists, astronomers, inventors and play writes were Greek. Although we may not be the oldest or have concurred the most amount of land (we still concurred a tone) we made the most contributions to the world by far. The Latin alphabet comes from the ...more
Largest empire in human history. The single most powerful nation in human history. The only country to overtake China in population. Ruled 1/4 of the worlds surface area for 200 years. The most influencial society in terms of language, innovation, technology, military, and morals. Everything that humanity charishes today was created by britain. England has contributed more to the world than any other sovereign state in human history. Knowledge of gravity, and modern physics, maths, science, literature, music, art, and independence. The british empire was not only able to rise up above all of the other continental superpowers in Europe, but were able to dominate other superpowers around the world such as India and China. It was because of this dominance and success that the small island of great britain became great, and they have continued to be great ever since. Now the empire still lives on in the commonwealth of nations, a peaceful collection of 53 countries that have gained ...more
Wake up! The empire is over a long time ago! The Commonwealth a country... you live in a dream
They should be like top 3 because of capitalism sciences from great luminaries like Sir Isaac Newton. Also the British started the industrial Revolution which led to economies all around the world today. Not to mention, they have brought the english language to the whole world as a revolutionary language. Although the language people commonly study around the world is American english, that was just a root that derived from the English. The British also have a great culture, which consists of literature with men like shakespeare, to art, to music with the Beatles, the greatest artists of all time, and punk rock bands like the sex pistols, no to mention queen, the rolling stones, genesis, and so on so forth. Without britain no us. Since much of the americans are cultured from the british and are of british, irish, or german descent living in a british colony.
The sun never sets on the British empire. That's what they used to say. Perhaps in a way it is still true since prior British colonies like America, Australia, Canada, to name a few, are still essentially British. Even though these countries have since become independently governed their DNA remains decidedly British. Language, laws, and culture. But thankfully not cuisine!
An island like the British isles created the largest empire in history and one of the most powerful nations and in WW2 their contribution was critical to the Allied forces
It has a distinct culture from the west. I admit I am a Chinese. Many China-haters are influenced by PRC government and take a biased stand. In fact China is great. Westerners have medical knowledge from Egypt, philosophy and logical thinking from Greece, architect from Rome, fire powder revolution from Ottoman, age of sail by Spain, Bible from Jewish, industrial Revolution of Britain, Renaissance of Italy, enlighten movement from France.. The nowadays West attributes to these 8 cultures or even more. But China in thousands of years developed on its own. No another culture can enlighten us because we are isolated from other civilizations. But we still manage to make a great contribution to the world.
While all of the empires on the list have been the past tense, there are still people claim they are the successors of the Chinese Empire in the modern world. Literally, most Modern Chinese still think they are part of the Chinese Empire until now.
Superpower for the longest period of time with an unsurpassed economy durability and culture. Facinating history with the highest range of great general, scientist, engineers, leaders, politicians, artists. Most importantly it is the longest Continous Civilization, making it the greatest humanity ever produced
It is true that Rome, Egypt, Greece, and all the other empires mentioned contributed greatly to our world as a whole, but when it comes down to it China was one of the greatest civilizations of all time. If it were not for China, many of the inventions that made these other civilizations so great would never have been invented. For example, with out China our world would not have gunpowder, paper (way better than simple papyrus), printing, compasses, silk cultivation, and literally thousands inventions that changed our world dramatically. In addition, China is one of the oldest civilizations known, and it outlasted many of the civilizations listed above. When these characteristics are combined you get an empire that is hard to beat. Just pointing out the facts
History is written by the winners, my friends. Everyone would be 'happy' under 1914 Germany had they won, the same for the Nazi's and the USSR.
To quote George Orwell "Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past."
America controls the present. If you've read 1984, you'd know everyone thinks what they are doing is right. Everyone under the USA's control thinks what they are doing is right.
If Hitler won the war and succeeded in making Lebensraum, we would all believe Jews were sub-human, as the Nazi's would be controlling the present.
History is written by the winners.
If the USSR won the Cold War, the world would be influenced by Russia and Communism. We would think Communism was better than capitalism (and who's to say we would be 'wrong'?) The USSR would control the present.
History is written by the winners
Only when we look back in hundreds of years will we know what the US really is/was.
Also, the ...more
The hatemongers writing in English is all you need to know about them. The language is the third most spoken in the world because of the United States. Even at the height of British imperialism, English was lagging behind French and Spanish, and about as much spoken as Dutch. The United States kept the English language popular in the 20th century. The British empire was on its death bed after World War 1, and without Soviet and American involvement, would have been a German country right after France. The Soviet Union would've turned the UK into a puppet state if the United States didn't exist. The English invented the language, the Americans brought it to universities and schools to every dark corner of the world. Globalism is a US invention, and you can thank the dollar for the euro's existence. There would be no European Union if George C. Marshall didn't prevent the 2nd Dark Ages.
To the other guy talking about the French Revolution - hello shortest lived democracy in ...more
Its not like I'm saying America is perfect or sits on the pedestal of highest success in all categories. It has and had its faults. The thing is we don't lead in any category other than defense spending, percent of incarcerated citizens and people who believe in christ. Other countries have followed our model and have the liberties and rights we proclaimed in our founding. We are not the freest nation on earth anymore. We like to regulate everything. So people can reasonably say we aren't the best. BUT. We are the States. Their is pride in being the 900 pound gorilla because we do have a FORCE of a military. Since our inception til the 70's we did nothing but advance in all fields. We are a very young nation, but we represent the democratic republic world. Other nations on here have failed and america isn't failing yet. We just aren't the undisputed best in the world right now. I vote america for the future could be bright with the right footing and the past is great.
"Other countries have followed our model and have the liberties" have you ever heard about the French revolution? Liberty, equality, fraternity... yes there is the source of the "model" the USA "created". You have a great country no only because of your army but you are far from been a CIVILIZATION not even close!
I believe a good indicator of how important america is as a civilization is to consider what the world would be like without it. First off it's a major possibility either Germany or Russia would rule most of the world with an iron fist after either side won work war 2. It was only because of Americas strength these nations were kept at bay. Secondly America may be smaller than past empires but that's by choice. America could easily conquer most of the world entirely on it's own apart from possibly Russia or China. Thirdly america has ushered in the digital age through smartphones, the internet, and entertainment the rest of the world still can't compete with. The invention and distribution of these things have influenced the world as deeply or more than the invention of anything else since the discovery of fire. Lastly, america isn't perfect or a world leader in almost any measurable scale but it is still the country where dreams come true. Anyone can become anything they want and ...more
Not only was this one of the greatest civilizations in human history but was also accepted as the 'first universal civilization' due to the diversity of ethnicities, cultures, religions, etc.
The previous civilizations like Ancient Greece, Rome, China were also great civilizations however they were only regional civilizations but the Muslim Civilization not only preserved each of these previous civilizations but they also made inventions and innovations of their own.
I also think it is one of the most underrated civilizations and has been undermined by Euro-centric historiography. The Islamic Golden Age also paved the way for the European Renaissance and Enlightenment and had this Great Muslim Civilization had not declined and fallen and had kept united with each other; we would have most likely had modern science and technology eight hundred years ago rather than in the 21st Century.
Stanley Lane-Poole states in the back of his book called "The Story of the Moors ...more
The Islamic Golden Age culture, economic, and scientific flourishing had formed the foundation of the European renaissance and the great technology that our world enjoys, was deliberately underestimated.
One of the greatest and most underrated civilizations of all time. They made great contributions in science, math, astronomy and much more. Without people like Ibn al Haytham or Abu Nasr Al-Farabi and many more, the world would not be half as advanced as it is today. A lot of people try to undermine them because they started off translating and learning from older civilizations, making false accusations of "plagiarism", but that's how everybody learns from past knowledge, even Sir Isaac Newton said "If I have seen further than others, it's by standing on the shoulders of giants." And they made their own contributions as well which is what the jealous haters like to leave out. Anyway, haters gonna hate. I'm proud of what my ancestors have done.
It is the Islamic civilization... Enlightened civilization.
Is the civilization that are based on justice...
A Civilization of glory and greatest...
Civilization that dominated the Persians and the Romans in their homeland
Civilization, which included China, India and even Mongolia. Built by the Arabs God's chosen people...
The Arabs said (We are people of God, we sent people to get out of the worship of people to worship the Lord and the people of the injustice of other religions to the justice of Islam *
I am proud that I Arabic Muslim... This is our civilization... And the pride of the Arabs and Muslims.
This is our religion Islam... This is our teacher and our leader Muhammad... This is our Lord
This is our religion Islam... This is our teacher and our leader Muhammad... This is our Lord Allah
( There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of God )
Believe it or not:
Dear Christian. Some facts ...more
They conquered most of asia and were brutal. They even owned most of China at a time.
You have to admire the fact that they once had one of the largest empires in the history of the world.
The Mongols might have been barbaric-like people, but their power during their rule and their influence even today is astounding. They were essential in the development and improvement of trade, for example reopening the Silk Road. They also encouraged migration and moved people around their empire to help advance it. It was the first real experiment of interconnection and a 'global village' which allowed modern globalisation to take place. They also helped to spread ideas, culture and inventions, such as Chinese gunpowder to Europe. In fact, they are so influential that their effects can even be seen now. 1 in 200 people are descended from Genghis Khan. You don't see that anywhere else.
Why do people think that a civilization of murderous thieves is better than the Ottoman Empire, Aztec Empire, AND Scotland?
They threatened the greek empire and contrary to popular belief, they actually had good morals, at least better than the spartans.
One of the most successful empires. Made many technological advancements, they made many inventions that influenced modern inventions and life. Without them, humanity would be almost nothing.
By the way, I am Persian, so no surprise I voted on this.
It was larger than any previous empire in history and it is notable for building infrastructure such as road systems and a postal system, the use of an official language across its territories, and the development of civil services and a large professional army.
The Persians made many advancements, they invented anesthesia and the pill, they were the first to start training people to be doctors, they invented the brick and the windmill, and most of all: they were the first to establish human rights.
All the other civilizations named had the benefit of building off of other civilizations. Geography, proximity, and conquest or trade gave them the benefit of using the best ideas of others. They were all aided by other cultures-- particularly the Romans, British, Americans, Greeks and Chinese. The Meso-Americans, however were relatively isolated. All of their great achievements are theirs alone. They didn't have the benefit of a vast number of cultures clustered in a relatively small area to draw from. THAT is absolutely admirable.
Very simple first sower system in the world can given the Mayan thanks for that
Agreed on them being isolated, can you think what this world would be like if we didn't have sower. Dirty mud water, nasty baths like the Egyptians stinky like the French. Really the other side of the world would still be filty if it wasn't for them learning from the Mayans.
It had some of the most intricate pyramids in the world and may not be as large as the Egyptians but they are definitely more refined in detail. Also, the Maya made history in their religion, mathematics, science, astronomy, and more.
Tamil people has very well civilization. At cauvery river banks
All Indians look up on the list and sigh, hoping that they might jump up a spot or 2. This is so underrated.
The Cholas represented an outward looking power rather than insular inward looking like regimes before it's advent. It spread it's writ and influence deep into South East Asia and built magnificent temples. Well deserving of being among the greatest civilizations the world has seen.
One of the greatest Tamil-Hindu empires from India. Their contributions made Tamil one of the greatest, oldest languages and gave birth to Malayalam, Kannada and influenced the creation of Telugu languages. The cholas made Tamil Nadu and South India, the land of a million temples
The Mughal Empire were very wealthy, in the early 1800’s the had 40% of the worlds GDP, between them and china they had 80%. At the time Britain and Europe did not compare.
Yeah yeah, cause some sell their own country, some build Taj Mahal for his beloved wife. And has other wives. While people die for food. Some plan to kill their own king.
They had almost all of Pakistan and India
The mugal empire was an empire of culture... Heritage.. Art... And many more royal things. Infact Akbar the mugal emperor united the 2 distinct religions and conquered almost all parts of India... Alas it was a great dynasty as it evolved in less than a few decade to good quality weapons... Architecture like TAJ MAHAL... And prospered in every possible way...
The one and only empire to show that Islam can be unified with Western values. Furtermore, an empire which had control over the Middle East and Eastern Europe, despite being in constant proxy war with the greatest nations, empires etc. such as the British Empire, The Italian Empire, France, The Russian Empire. I would call the Ottoman Empire the only dynasty which could bring a lasting order and peace in Europe and Middle East. What a shame the Ottoman Empire ended in such manner when it had a great potential and was good at diplomatic relations.
Commanded mighty military might along with great advances in military tactics/technology. First civilization to arm all solders with firearms.
"Pax Ottomana" gives us clues about how powerfully peaceful the Ottomans were. In 1453 the new age began with 'The Qonquest of Istanbul'. They proved that the world can be ruled equally in peace, regardless of race, religion, beliefs. Downfall came with French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, Geographical Discoveries and incompetent technological developments. Nowadays Ottoman System sounds like a utopia...
One of the monsters of world history, took Egypt, Greece, the Middle East, etc. These nations are on the Top Ten List, yet the one who took them aren't
They were a powerful civilization and they were kind to Cortez but he tricked them and enslaved them.
When the Aztecs arrived on Tenochtitlan island it was unsustainable as a settlement. They built a series of dams that we still do not understand, which allowed them to control the level of the lakes water. This allowed them to build a great irrigation system. With which they reclaimed the no longer flooded marshland and built farms. They invented a water filtration system that provided perfectly safe nourishment. They lowered the water level and dammed previously underwater land. They designed a complex system of canals across the Island, floating agricultural colonies, a fertilization system and finished it up with magnificent public architecture. After the Spanish destroyed this system IT TOOK UNTIL THE 1920s BEFORE SCIENTISTS SOLVED THE CITIES FLOODING PROBLEM. And only by draining the entire lake.
Bloody people. Deserved the conquistadors most rightly
When you consider the adversities resolved in so little amount of time, this civilization vastly surpasses all others. I wonder what else had they accomplished, given, let's say, an extra century without the spaniards arriving in Mexico.
They were like the best traders of all time! Plus, are alphabet is based on theirs!
They invented a practical alphabet which was the mother to the vast majority of modern alphabets around the world. The Phoenicians also invented the boat and were the first to navigate around Africa.
The first people that travelled.
The legend of the phoenix
They were the ones that built, Sicily, Santorini, Carthage, and many others
They were the richest because of their unique wood
The first mathematician was Phoenician (Pythagoras)
Literally the best
From Lauren Perry:
Even vegetarian haggis is delicious.
Highland cows (or coos, if you will). look them up.
Ever been to Edinburgh?
Isle of Skye
All of the Highlands, as a matter of fact
Men in Kilts (bam)
The tomb of Robert the Bruce
The greatest civilization and culture and not because I am african
Well it dominated the horn of Africa so it deserves a place
Probably the most influencial African empire.
Gretest civilization in a africa!
we are the only independent & free country in africa!
so I am proud to be Habesha!
An empire save the Greek values as well as created the bases for Western civilization
East Roman Empire survived for 1000 years. They left an immense heritage behind. Their architecture and science developments were cutting edge of those times. Today Anatolia and especially Istanbul is full of their magical memorial. "Pax Romana" represents their development and peace...
Constantinople was the most beautiful city in the world until it was fell to the barbarians of the east the savage people that stole it's history I will never forget May 29 1453 the City will be Greek again it's redicules to put the USA well above the Byzantine Empire which was a Greek empire it's also highly inaccurate the American are so stupid to thing that they have the best civilisation in the world
Pathetic. The other comments about it falling to 'barbarians' and that 'Americans are so stupid' is complete bull. The Byzantine Empire was indeed a strong nation, but the Ottomans were simply better and finished them off. And Constantinople will be Greek again? Complete bull. Turkey is far superior than Greece is today in economy, military, and doesn't have an insane debt.
Beautiful civilisation and always was and will be!
The Empire that built the first Library and University, also thought of the Pythagoras Theorem truly the empire of Knowledge.
Haha beautiful, they were awesome NOT because they were majestic and calm but majestic in killing people. 100+ respect
Created a lot of modern day gadget ideas
This guys better than scotland they are larger but they died out quickly
Not an empire, just a lot of squabbling tribes.
The Celtics were arguably the mightiest warriors in history. They invented a language still spoken today, a minor religion still used today, and had mythological figures STILL SEEN TODAY. Though not as popular as the Greeks or Romans, they ruled Gaelic Europe, making them one of the strongest and most prosperous civilizations to date!
But Julius Caesar...
Vive la douceur Angevine! Bel Anjou!
One of the greatest Tamil empires... the classical Tamil, the oldest and still continuously spoken language in the world developed under the Pandyan patrons. Long Live Divine Classical Tamil!
Tamil is very hard
Pandya empire helped save classical literature of India.
I like latvia
It was responsible for the spread of Buddhism in Asia, elevating it to a world religion. Also it was the first empire to unify the Indian Subcontinent( except the Tamils)
Mauryan kings were very brave.
And the credit of uniting and spreading India to a large geographical area goes to Mauryan Empire.
Ashoka was a great leader
Come on guy
Ashoka was one of the greatest emperor