Top 10 Greatest Philosophers of All Time

The Top Ten
1 Friedrich Nietzsche Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, and Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.

Nietzsche is the ultimate in deconstruction. As a historian, Nietzsche studied the flow and logic of history and analyzed it through philosophy. As such, he showed that no truths exist, all truths are situated in whatever historical context one lives in.

He was a great nihilist, thinker and philosopher. He was a deep thinker, he even thought the will to human ambitions ("will to power"), how to take controll of the life your given, "God is dead (which links to other ideologies, like atheism), good/bad, and so on...

If you haven't read his work, it's like you haven't kissed a girl yet but once you do you inadvertently fall in love with her...

Niestzsche, father of our era's philosophy, everyone should (try at least to) read "thus spoke Zarathustra" philosophy and poetry by the hand of Nietzsche.. A point of no return.

2 Socrates Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher, of the Western ethical tradition of thought.

Socrates, and NOT Plato, set up what philosophy as a whole became... the elenchus and the apoeria remain two philosophical tools a philosopher gets cleaned up in, still.

Socrates never wrote anything. All the Socratic theories are in fact the theories of his pupil Plato.

3 Aristotle Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece.

Not number 1 wow!

4 René Descartes

After analysed every radical doubt, he came to the conclusion that one thing is sure; that he exist.
His saying "I think, therefore I am" was true even if he was dreaming, even when his senses played tricks with his mind. It was even necessarily true because it's impossible to deny it without being in contradiction with yourself (if you're saying that you have doubts about your existence it proves in fact that you exist otherwise you wouldn't have a doubt to begin with). You also can't ignore the existence of your thoughts because it's with your thinking that you're able to get doubts. Therefore, thinking and I (my existence) are the same. A proven self-identity that has a body and mind.

I think, therefore I am.

5 Karl Marx Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, historian, political theorist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist. Born in Trier to a middle-class family, Marx studied law and Hegelian philosophy.

Karl Marx philosophy is based on dialectic materialism as opposed to Hegel's dialectic absolute idealism. According to dialectic materialism there are conflicts between economic classes. After feodalism we came in a new these. The Industrial employers of capitalism. The new these of capitalism will generate the antithese of the proletarian or working class. The synthese that will come out of this conflict is in Karl Marx's view socialism. To stop the conflicts that capitalism is generating it is necessary to maintain the productivity of economy trough socialism. Because capitalism will strive only to make benefits and therefore take advantage of the working class for producing more and more things that society really doesn't need. The unequality between the two classes will grow till there will be only rich and poor classes. Capitalism VS work. Only socialism who will maintain the equality can stop the unhuman conditions that will come if capitalism can do whatever it wants to do.

He showed the world the problems of modern ideology and the exploitation of the working class from the rich, he paved the way for famous revolutionary such as Vladimir lenin, Mao zedog, ho chi min, Kim il song, Fidel castro, and the most famous, che guevara, he changed the world.

I think he didn't fully understood the real nature of mankind. The good and the bad (a ethic question) in each one of us and our individuality that can make us sometimes egoistic.
His view of society is because of that utopic. In practic it would be without a doubt a totalirian society.

Helped in creating one of the most well known and thought out guides to a classless society ever made. Too bad no societies have managed to follow it yet.

6 David Hume
7 Carl Jung
8 Plato Plato was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

Plato knew things about the nature of reality that physicists like Heisenberg figured out only a few decades ago. But Plato lived over 2000 years ago.

Although Plato is not my favorite philosopher (because his writings lack the qualities that a philosopher should pursue most of all: clarity and being concise) and hardly any of his ideas can be considered indisputable, in terms of influence on the whole subject of philosophy he has no match. The modern philosophical disciplines, such as ontology, epistemology, and ethics, can be traced back to his dialogues; and virtually any philosophical problem which philosophers have been trying to solve for the last two thousand years was initially formulated by Plato.

Plato had the right ideas, and it's a shame they weren't executed. According to him, philosophers should be kings, as they'd make the best rulers, to which I agree for the most part. He deserves to be 1st.

As whitehead said the entire western philosophical tradition is a series of footnotes to plato... It seems though that in this poll the footnotes take precedence over the main text

9 Thomas Hobbes
10 Immanuel Kant

Single-handedly saved the philosophy of science and the scientific method.

Great works of metaphysics

One of the best

The Contenders
11 Jean-Jacques Rousseau
12 Baruch Spinoza

This man should be number one. He has a unique way of explained the universe don't mind he grew up Jewish and have always explained things as clean as possible.

13 Niccolo Machiavelli

In the name itself the greatness is defined!
Niccolo Machiavelli infamous book is THE PRINCE.He had displayed what is power and how to
use it!
Machiavelli's book has a detailed description of problems and how to deal with them.

We can observe his theories being applied to politics and business often, even after 5 centuries of the book's publishment.
The trick is using one's power to good ends or evil ends..
Though the book was banned for centuries by the Catholic Church, it never failed to gain a huge following.

Napoleon Bonaparté carried his copy to the War of Waterloo, and Hitler kept his copy on his bedside table

"it is better to be feared than loved" ~the prince

14 Epicurus

One of the most practical and relevant philosophers to a person's life. He teaches us to appreciate and not overlook the mundane aspects of life. Instead of relying on some grandiose ambition, relationship, indulgence, or meaning to make you live a good life, we ought strive to achieve ataraxia and aponia. From the absence of suffering we allow enjoyment to creep into our life

The Epicurean Paradox shows how a god can't be benevolent and omnipotent, but still allow evil in the world.

Read the Principal Doctrines. Live by them and live a happy life. The rest is just over-analysis.

15 Søren Kierkegaard

This guy´s just downright brilliant. While philosophers before him were all about giving answers, he recognized the importance of doubt and humanity´s limitations of understanding. Flipped everything on it´s head. One of the most influential philosophers to modern thought of all time. As Einstein is to Newton, this guy is to his predecessors.

Is considered as the "father of existentialism" even if Soren Kierkegaard would not accepted that notion. Existentialism would be nothing more than a label in his point of view. But the "label" of being an existentialist has its origin because he said that many philosophies before him never said anything about fundamental human conditions like for instance choice. He said: "What I'm really missing is a clear image in my mind about what I have to do, not of what I have to known... It's all about finding a truth that's true for me, the idea for a purpose with my life and what to do with it..." His answer to finding his own truth is passion because the conclusions of passions are the only ones you can trust in his point of view. What the present time (according to him) is missing, is not reflection but passion. We are in a non-stop confrontation of taking decisions. Choice is therefore always with us and that is a companion and a burden at the same time. Hence his search for "what's ...more

Existentialism is becoming more relevant in our times, and perhaps more than it has been ever. Kierkegaard provides interesting and unique views.

16 Arthur Schopenhauer

This dude is way too underrated, need more recognition for his spectacular works!

17 John Dewey
18 Thomas Aquinas

Most underrated but the best. The 5 ways are greatly misunderstood and always disregarded with strawmen. Aquinas was eons beyond the majority of philosophers. The more you study the Thomist and Aristotelian traditions the more it’ll reveal its self, it takes time to fully grasp them.

19 Adam Smith Adam Smith was a Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and a key figure in the Scottish Enlightenment.
20 Nagarjuna
21 Voltaire François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and separation more.
22 Heraclitus
23 Gemistus Pletho
24 Plotinus
25 John Locke
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