Best Philosophers in the World

The Top Ten Best Philosophers in the World

1 Friedrich Nietzsche

If you haven't read his work, it's like you haven't kissed a girl yet but once you do you inadvertently fall in love with her...

No doubt Nietzsche is the most sublime and deep and high philosopher ever been.

He was a great nihilist, thinker and philosopher. He was a deep thinker, he even thought the will to human ambitions ("will to power"), how to take controll of the life your given, "God is dead (which links to other ideologies, like atheism), good/bad, and so on...

It's a damned shame he died before anyone gave a damn. Truly one of the great thinkers of his time.

2 Socrates Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher, of the Western ethical tradition of thought.

Socrates never wrote anything. All the Socratic theories are in fact the theories of his pupil Plato.

Socrates, and NOT Plato, set up what philosophy as a whole became... the elenchus and the apoeria remain two philosophical tools a philosopher gets cleaned up in, still.

3 Aristotle Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece.

Not number 1 wow!

Aristoteles was for slavery. Anyone who thinks so don't really deseve to be called a great philosopher.
His teacher Plato at least was not in favor for slavery.

4 Karl Marx

Karl Marx philosophy is based on dialectic materialism as opposed to Hegel's dialectic absolute idealism. According to dialectic materialism there are conflicts between economic classes. After feodalism we came in a new these. The Industrial employers of capitalism. The new these of capitalism will generate the antithese of the proletarian or working class. The synthese that will come out of this conflict is in Karl Marx's view socialism. To stop the conflicts that capitalism is generating it is necessary to maintain the productivity of economy trough socialism. Because capitalism will strive only to make benefits and therefore take advantage of the working class for producing more and more things that society really doesn't need. The unequality between the two classes will grow till there will be only rich and poor classes. Capitalism VS work. Only socialism who will maintain the equality can stop the unhuman conditions that will come if capitalism can do whatever it wants to do.

Marx was a genius with his philosophies, and it's a damn shame that it essentially was turned bad thanks to Stalin (not bashing Lenin, Lenin was never wrong by building off of Marx)

Helped in creating one of the most well known and thought out guides to a classless society ever made. Too bad no societies have managed to follow it yet.

Proletarians of all countries, unite!

5 René Descartes

After analysed every radical doubt he came to the conclusion that one thing is sure ; that he exist.
His saying " I think therefore I am " was true even if he was dreaming, even when his senses played tricks with his mind. It was even necessarily true because it's impossible to deny it without being in contradiction with yourself ( if you're saying that you have doubts about your existence it proves in fact that you exist otherwise you wouldn't have a doubt to begin with ). You also can't ignore the existence of your thoughts because it's with your thinking that you're able to get doubts. Therefore thinking and I ( my existence ) are the same. A proven selfidentity that has a body and mind.

I think, therefore I am.

6 David Hume
7 Plato Plato was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

Although Plato is not my favorite philosopher (because his writings lack the qualities that a philosopher should pursue most of all: clarity and being concise) and hardly any of his ideas can be considered indisputable, in terms of influence on the whole subject of philosophy he has no match. The modern philosophical disciplines, such as ontology, epistemology, and ethics, can be traced back to his dialogues; and virtually any philosophical problem which philosophers have been trying to solve for the last two thousand years was initially formulated by Plato.

As whitehead said the entire western philosophical tradition is a series of footnotes to plato... It seems though that in this poll the footnotes take precedence over the main text

Plato had the right ideas, and it's a shame they weren't executed. According to him, philosophers should be kings, as they'd make the best rulers, to which I agree for the most part. He deserves to be 1st.

Absolute legend! The origional feminist man!

8 Carl Jung
9 Thomas Hobbes
10 Niccolo Machiavelli

In the name itself the greatness is defined!
Niccolo Machiavelli infamous book is THE PRINCE.He had displayed what is power and how to
use it!
Machiavelli's book has a detailed description of problems and how to deal with them.

We can observe his theories being applied to politics and business often, even after 5 centuries of the book's publishment.
The trick is using one's power to good ends or evil ends..
Though the book was banned for centuries by the Catholic Church, it never failed to gain a huge following.

Napoleon Bonaparté carried his copy to the War of Waterloo, and Hitler kept his copy on his bedside table

"it is better to be feared than loved" ~the prince

The Contenders

11 Immanuel Kant

Great works of metaphysics

One of the best


12 Jean-Jacques Rousseau
13 Baruch Spinoza

This man should be numbed one. He has a unique way of explained the universe don't Mind he grew up Jewish and have always explained things as clean as possible

14 Epicurus

One of the most practical and relevant philosophers to a person's life. He teaches us to appreciate and not overlook the mundane aspects of life. Instead of relying on some grandiose ambition, relationship, indulgence, or meaning to make you live a good life, we ought strive to achieve ataraxia and aponia. From the absence of suffering we allow enjoyment to creep into our life

The Epicurean Paradox shows how a god can't be benevolent and omnipotent, but still allow evil in the world.

Read the Principal Doctrines. Live by them and live a happy life. The rest is just over-analysis.

15 Arthur Schopenhauer

This dude is way too underrated, need more recognition for his spectacular works!

GENIUS - Wasiq Imran

16 Søren Kierkegaard

Existentialism is becoming more relevant in our times, and perhaps more than it has been ever. Kierkegaard provides interesting and unique views.

Is concidered as the " father of existentialism " even if Soren Kierkegaard would not accepted that notion. Existentialism would be nothing more than a label in his point of view. But the " label " of being an existentialist has its origin because he said that many philosophies before him never said anything about fundamental human conditions like for instance choise. He said : " What I'm really missing is a clear image in my mind about what I have to do, not of what I have to known... It's all about finding a truth that's true for me, the idea for a purpose with my life and what to do with it... " His answer to finding his own truth is passion because the conclusions of passions are the only ones you can trust in his point of view. What the present time ( according to him ) is missing, is not reflection but passion. We are in a non-stop confrontation of taking decisions. Choise is therefore always with us and that is a companion and a burden at the same time. Hence his search for " ...more

17 John Dewey
18 Nagarjuna
19 Heraclitus
20 Adam Smith Adam Smith was a Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and a key figure in the Scottish Enlightenment.
21 Gemistus Pletho
22 Thomas Aquinas

Most underrated but the best. The 5 ways are greatly misunderstood and always disregarded with strawmen. Aquinas was eons beyond the majority of philosophers. The more you study the Thomist and Aristotelian traditions the more it’ll reveal its self, it takes time to fully grasp them.

23 Plotinus
24 Martin Heidegger

Das Man's just can't know what the best philosopher is Martin

25 Ayn Rand

God no. Objectivism is awful.

26 John Locke
27 Parmenides

THe opposite view of Heracleitos. How can what "is" now be in the future? Or how can it be have a beginning? If it still has to be in the future how can it exist now? The past is over and the future still don't exist. Heracleitos says " The world was Always, is now and will Always be a eternally becoming."

28 Dogen
29 Jeremy Bentham
30 Henri Bergson
31 Osho

He is really good philosopher who introduce to ourselves

He was a true intellectual

32 Voltaire François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech, and separation more.
33 Thales
34 St. Augustine
35 Confucius Confucius was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. He is the founder of the religion with the same name as him. Confucius believed he was doing the Will of Ti'en (God or 'Heaven') by preaching ethics.

Inventor of the golden rule and promoter of respect...
To live a full life you must respect each other and treat them the way you want to be treated. Most philosophers think of knowledge and of god and the way the world works, but Confucius thinks of human morals and respect. Greatest philosopher to have ever lived.

Why is it so low :O? He should be at least in top 10


36 Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Absolute idealism. Thinking is before material things. Produce anything material is first thinking of producing something that is material. His dialectic theorie ( influenced by Plato ) works for many questions ( A these, A anti-these and the synthese).

37 Ludwig Wittgenstein

Wittgenstein is the greatest of all time, simply because his philosophy served to discredit all those before him, and many after him.

Alright, I agree that Ludwig Wittgenstein may not be the best philosopher of all time, but he certainly is the greatest among modern western philosophers, and should not, by any means shall be so below as number 70.

38 Empedocles
39 Lucretius Titus Lucretius Carus was a Roman poet and philosopher. His only known work is the epic philosophical poem De rerum natura about the tenets and philosophy of Epicureanism, and which is usually translated into English as On the Nature of Things.
40 Max Stirner

He taught me to value myself.

I think his book " The unique and his property" is one of the best books about individualism. Very extreme in his approach but there's certainly a truth in what he is thinking and writing. Many people think that is approach is close to egoism but if you read it closely he makes the difference between that thin line.
One of the few thinkers who understood the real nature of mankind and therefor one who rejected many ethic-theories. His writing and thinking was of a great influence for anarchists like Proudhon, Bakoenin, Malatesta and many others.

41 Anaxagoras
42 Alan Watts Alan Wilson Watts was a British philosopher, writer, and speaker, best known as an interpreter and populariser of Eastern philosophy for a Western audience.

Don't take it seriously. 🤣

43 Aristippus
44 John Rawls
45 Pythagoras Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and the putative founder of the movement called Pythagoreanism.

More a cultleader than a philosopher although Plato was for a part influenced by his thinking. But we can call him the godfather of modern mathematic philosophy if you will. Egyptians before him were also great practicers of mathematics but they didn't make a cult or philosophy of it.

46 Oswald Spengler
47 Edmund Husserl
48 Johannes Scotus Eriugena
49 Blaise Pascal Blaise Pascal (19 June 1623 – 19 August 1662) was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic theologian. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal's earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions more.
50 Al-Farabi

Great Turkish philosopher, scientist and musician from Turkestan at times of Golden Age of Islam. He is greatest philosopher of all time.

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