Top 10 Origins of Gemstone Names

Unfortunately, the origin of some gem names is unclear (usually gems that have been known since antiquity).

The Top Ten Origins of Gemstone Names

Alexandrite - named after Alexander II, a Russian Tsar

Because the first crystals were discovered in Russia in 1834, on the very day Alexander II came of age. The gem was later declared to be the national stone of tsarist Russia.
Alexandrite is a very hard and unique gem - it's the 3rd hardest gem with hardness at 8.5 out of 10. Besides, Alexandrite changes its color depending on the light (it can even change its color from green to red). - Metal_Treasure

Boo, Alexander was a sack of crap. - OomlaGuhmaGagh

Diamond - its name is derived from the ancient Greek word 'adámas' (unbreakable, unalterable, proper, untamed)

That's a great and correct description! Unbreakable! (hardness 10 / 10). - Metal_Treasure

Emerald - its name is derived from the Greek word 'smaragdos' ("green gem")

Its name comes from the ancient Greek word "smaragdos" ("green gem") via several language modifications:
From Greek: smaragdos -> Latin: smaragdus -> Vulgar Latin: esmaralda / esmaraldus -> Old French: esmeraude -> Middle English: emeraude ->

Modern English: Emerald.
So, it was a long way from smaragdos to emerald (4 common letters remained - m, r, a, d).
This is also a correct description - emerald can be only green. - Metal_Treasure

Painite - named after Arthur C.D. Pain who discovered it

Painite is the rarest mineral/gem in the world. It was first found in Myanmar/Burma by British mineralogist and gem dealer Arthur C.D. Pain in the 1950s. - Metal_Treasure

Tanzanite - named for Tanzania, where it was discovered

And it's found only in Tanzania, no other localities - Metal_Treasure

Aquamarine - its name is derived from Latin "aqua marina" (sea water) for its blue or cyan color

Aquamarine is the pale blue variety of beryl. I love 'em, the beryls. - Metal_Treasure

Benitoite - named for Benito County, California, US

... and not after Benito Mussolini. - Metal_Treasure

Musgravite - named for Musgrave Ranges, Australian mountain range, where it was discovered
Chambersite - named for Chambers County, Texas, USA, the site of its discovery

One of the rarest gems in the world - Metal_Treasure

Jeremejevite - named after after Russian mineralogist Eremeev (Jeremejev, German)

The Contenders

Seraphinite - named after the seraphim, the highest order of angels

It resembles feathers, sometimes it's very strong and can be seen "flight feathers". - Metal_Treasure

Beryl - its name is derived from beryllium, the chemical element that is widely present in this gem

Beryl is composed of beryllium aluminium cyclosilicate.
Beryl is actually a big gem family - some of the most prominent "beryls" are Emerald, Aquamarine, Morganite, Red Beryl (aka Bixbite), Green Beryl, Goshenite, and many more.
But when the word "beryl" is used to describe a particular gem, it's the colorless variety of beryl - Goshenite. - Metal_Treasure

Morganite - it was named after the famous American banker and gem enthusiast, John Pierpont Morgan
Poudretteite - named after the Poudrette family that operated the quarry in Quebec, Canada, where the gem was originally found
Taaffeite - named after its discoverer Richard Taaffe
Grandidierite - named in honor of French explorer Alfred Grandidier
Goshenite - its name originates from Goshen, Massachusetts, where it was originally discovered

Goshenite is actually the colorless variety of beryl - Metal_Treasure

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