Top 10 Origins of Gemstone NamesMetal_Treasure Unfortunately, the origin of some gem names is unclear (usually gems that have been known since antiquity).
The Top Ten
Because the first crystals were discovered in Russia in 1834, on the very day Alexander II came of age. The gem was later declared to be the national stone of tsarist Russia.
Alexandrite is a very hard and unique gem - it's the 3rd hardest gem with hardness at 8.5 out of 10. Besides, Alexandrite changes its color depending on the light (it can even change its color from green to red). - Metal_Treasure
Boo, Alexander was a sack of crap. - OomlaGuhmaGagh
That's a great and correct description! Unbreakable! (hardness 10 / 10). - Metal_Treasure
Its name comes from the ancient Greek word "smaragdos" ("green gem") via several language modifications:
From Greek: smaragdos -> Latin: smaragdus -> Vulgar Latin: esmaralda / esmaraldus -> Old French: esmeraude -> Middle English: emeraude ->
Modern English: Emerald.
So, it was a long way from smaragdos to emerald (4 common letters remained - m, r, a, d).
This is also a correct description - emerald can be only green. - Metal_Treasure
Painite is the rarest mineral/gem in the world. It was first found in Myanmar/Burma by British mineralogist and gem dealer Arthur C.D. Pain in the 1950s. - Metal_Treasure
And it's found only in Tanzania, no other localities - Metal_Treasure
Aquamarine is the pale blue variety of beryl. I love 'em, the beryls. - Metal_Treasure
... and not after Benito Mussolini. - Metal_Treasure
One of the rarest gems in the world - Metal_Treasure
It resembles feathers, sometimes it's very strong and can be seen "flight feathers". - Metal_Treasure
Beryl is composed of beryllium aluminium cyclosilicate.
Beryl is actually a big gem family - some of the most prominent "beryls" are Emerald, Aquamarine, Morganite, Red Beryl (aka Bixbite), Green Beryl, Goshenite, and many more.
But when the word "beryl" is used to describe a particular gem, it's the colorless variety of beryl - Goshenite. - Metal_Treasure
Goshenite is actually the colorless variety of beryl - Metal_Treasure
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2. Diamond - its name is derived from the ancient Greek word 'adámas' (unbreakable, unalterable, proper, untamed)
3. Aquamarine - its name is derived from Latin "aqua marina" (sea water) for its blue or cyan color